Perspective. Piero della Francesca. Ideal City (1475). Oil on canvas. What is Linear Perspective?. a system for representing three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional flat surface developed in Florence in the early 15 th century by Filippo Brunelleschi and Leon Batista Alberti.
Piero della Francesca. Ideal City (1475). Oil on canvas.
The Baptistery in Florence
Brunelleschi's proposal drawing of the interior of Santo Spirito (1543)
Interior of Brunelleschi's Santo Spirito
Prior to the Renaissance, artists were less concerned with the illusion of reality and more concerned with the content and symbolism of their work.
Duccio di Buoninsegna. The Virgin and Child with Saints (c.1315).
Egg tempera on poplar.
The size of each element in the image related much more to its importance, rather than it's placement in a space.
Giotto. Birth of the Virgin Mary (1320s).
Ambrogio Lorenzetti. The Presentation
in the Temple (1342). Tempera on wood.
Jan van Eyck. The Arnolfini Marriage (1434).
Oil on oak.
painting, may have been used by
van Eyck as a compositional aid.
Masaccio. The Trinity (1427). Fresco.
The barrel vaulted ceiling is incredible in its complex, mathematical use of perspective.
These lines eventually
meet at a distance point
on the horizon line.
Paolo Uccello. The Hunt in the Forest (1460s). Oil on canvas.
Bramantino. Adoration of the Kings (1498). Oil on panel.
Piero dell Francesca. The Flagellation (1460). Tempera on wood.
Andrea Mantegna. From The Painted
Room (1465-74). Fresco.
Andrea Mantegna. Lamentation Over the
Dead Christ (1480). Distemper on canvas.
Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci. The Virgin of the
Rocks (1508). Oil on wood.
Perspective, Human Anatomy, and Proportions
Melancholia (1514). Copper engraving.
The Draftsman’s Net
Erhard Schon. Vexierbild or Puzzle Picture (1535)
When this fantastic landscape (on the left) is viewed at a low angle from the left four portraits emerge of Charles V, Ferdinand I Pope Paul III and Francis I (shown at the right).
Hans Hoblein, the Younger. The Ambassadors
(1533). Oil on wood.
William Scrots. Portrait of Edward
VI (1546). Oil on wood.