Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. 1756-1791. Father Leopold Mozart Court musician Composer Wrote method on violin playing. Leopold recognized Wolfgang’s genius, and devoted himself to educating the boy, and to exhibiting his accomplishments.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
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Leopold recognized Wolfgang’s genius, and devoted himself to educating the boy, and to exhibiting his accomplishments.
Traveled to France, England, Holland, Italy, Vienna, and principal cities of Germany
Young Mozart was eager to learn all that he could from each place he visited.
His musical style was a combination of the best elements of each nationality’s musical identity
By age 6 he was a virtuoso on keyboard.
Composed his first minuets at the keyboard
By age 9, wrote his first symphony
11, first oratorio
12, first opera
His works are organized chronologically and cataloged with a K. number.
K is for Ludwig von Köchel, the researcher who compiled his works.
More than 600 works in the catalog.
Absolute musicality - music for its own sake. No trace of Mozart’s personal troubles or disappointments in his music. He does not reveal his attitudes toward nature or the historical events of his time (the French Revolution is the most significant)
Composition came easy to Mozart.
Ideas were worked out thoroughly in his head first.
When it was time to write them down, he was just copying the finished product in his mind.
He would laugh and joke while copying
Early symphonies showed Italian influence.
Later, he shows the influence of Haydn.
Haydn’s themes appear to have been “invented with a view chiefly to their possibilities for motivic development.”
Mozart’s themes usually are complete in themselves, and sometimes he rejects a formal development section in order to write a completely new theme.
Mozart almost always has two contrasting ideas in his symphonies
Haydn often has one theme that is heard in two different keys for theme 1 and theme 2.
In 1781, Mozart decided against his father’s advice to quit his patronage job for the Archbishop of Salzburg.
Moved to Vienna to make it as a freelance musician.
Active as a pianist and composer.
“Popular” for about 5 seasons.
Most of the works that made Mozart immortal were composed in the last ten years of his life.
Continued study of Haydn, and discovery of the music of J.S. Bach.
Bach’s influence gave Mozart more contrapuntal textures.
Haffner Symphony (K. 385), Prague Symphony (K. 504) and Linz Symphony (K. 425)
Symphony in E flat (K. 543), Symphony in G Minor (K. 550), and Symphony in C Major (Jupiter) (K. 551) were written in a six week period in the summer of 1788.