Oil pollution act
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Oil Pollution Act. Erika Arthur/Emily Stout 3 rd Period AP Environmental Science. What is the Oil Pollution Act?. Signed into law in August 1990 Response to the Exxon Valdez incident in 1989 Passed very easily through Congress

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Oil Pollution Act

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Oil pollution act

Oil Pollution Act

Erika Arthur/Emily Stout

3rd Period AP Environmental Science

What is the oil pollution act

What is the Oil Pollution Act?

  • Signed into law in August 1990

    • Response to the Exxon Valdez incident in 1989

    • Passed very easily through Congress

  • Amended the Federal Water Pollution Control Act’s (Clean Water Act) rules for spills and cleanup

  • Improved the nation’s ability to respond to spills

    • Established provisions that expand the government’s control over funding and resources needed to respond to spills

  • Created new requirements for preventing and managing spills

    • Double hulls are encouraged, required by 2015

    • Increased noncompliance penalties

    • Alaska: a tug and an emergency response vehicle are required to escort any loaded tanker through Prince William Sound

Opa vs clean water act

OPA vs. Clean Water Act

  • OPA

    • “A company cannot ship oil into the United States until it presents a plan to prevent spills that may occur. It must also have a detailed containment and cleanup plan in case of an oil spill emergency.”

    • The OPA added requirements for some storage facilities above ground

  • The Clean Water Act

    • The CWA was a less specific precursor to the OPA

Short term effects

Short Term Effects

  • The Oil Pollution Act was mostly created in response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill.

  • It was signed into law in August of 1990, a year after the Exxon Valdez spill.

  • The OPA said that the Exxon Valdez could never again enter Prince William Sound.

    • Any other ship that had spilled more than 1 million gallons of oil was also banned.

Long term effects

Long Term Effects

  • Created the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund

    • States that the owner or operator of the facility which created the spill is responsible for cleanup costs

      • However, the OSLTF provides aid if the owner/operator cannot/will not pay for cleanup

      • Borrowing limit is now 1 billion dollars

      • This money comes from oil taxes

  • Increased penalties for spills and violations

    • Penalties up to $25,000/day or $1000/barrel

Oil pollution act

Seabirds killed by the Exxon Valdez oil spill.

Oil pooling among rocks in Prince William Sound.

A cormorant covered in oil.

Oil pollution act

Oil spill cleanup responses, oil slick on the surface of the water in PWS.

Works cited

Works Cited









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