Oil pollution act
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 8

Oil Pollution Act PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Oil Pollution Act. Erika Arthur/Emily Stout 3 rd Period AP Environmental Science. What is the Oil Pollution Act?. Signed into law in August 1990 Response to the Exxon Valdez incident in 1989 Passed very easily through Congress

Download Presentation

Oil Pollution Act

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Oil pollution act

Oil Pollution Act

Erika Arthur/Emily Stout

3rd Period AP Environmental Science

What is the oil pollution act

What is the Oil Pollution Act?

  • Signed into law in August 1990

    • Response to the Exxon Valdez incident in 1989

    • Passed very easily through Congress

  • Amended the Federal Water Pollution Control Act’s (Clean Water Act) rules for spills and cleanup

  • Improved the nation’s ability to respond to spills

    • Established provisions that expand the government’s control over funding and resources needed to respond to spills

  • Created new requirements for preventing and managing spills

    • Double hulls are encouraged, required by 2015

    • Increased noncompliance penalties

    • Alaska: a tug and an emergency response vehicle are required to escort any loaded tanker through Prince William Sound

Opa vs clean water act

OPA vs. Clean Water Act

  • OPA

    • “A company cannot ship oil into the United States until it presents a plan to prevent spills that may occur. It must also have a detailed containment and cleanup plan in case of an oil spill emergency.”

    • The OPA added requirements for some storage facilities above ground

  • The Clean Water Act

    • The CWA was a less specific precursor to the OPA

Short term effects

Short Term Effects

  • The Oil Pollution Act was mostly created in response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill.

  • It was signed into law in August of 1990, a year after the Exxon Valdez spill.

  • The OPA said that the Exxon Valdez could never again enter Prince William Sound.

    • Any other ship that had spilled more than 1 million gallons of oil was also banned.

Long term effects

Long Term Effects

  • Created the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund

    • States that the owner or operator of the facility which created the spill is responsible for cleanup costs

      • However, the OSLTF provides aid if the owner/operator cannot/will not pay for cleanup

      • Borrowing limit is now 1 billion dollars

      • This money comes from oil taxes

  • Increased penalties for spills and violations

    • Penalties up to $25,000/day or $1000/barrel

Oil pollution act

Seabirds killed by the Exxon Valdez oil spill.

Oil pooling among rocks in Prince William Sound.

A cormorant covered in oil.

Oil pollution act

Oil spill cleanup responses, oil slick on the surface of the water in PWS.

Works cited

Works Cited









  • Login