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CURRENT SITUATION WITH PROTECTION HCVF IN REPUBLIC OF KARELIA

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Karelian Nature-Protection NGO « SPOK » Russia , Republic of Karelia , Petrozavodsk e - mail : spok _ office @ onego . ru , http :// spok . onego . ru. CURRENT SITUATION WITH PROTECTION HCVF IN REPUBLIC OF KARELIA. Alexandr Markovsky Workshop

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Karelian Nature-Protection NGO

«SPOK»

Russia, Republic of Karelia, Petrozavodsk

e-mail: [email protected], http://spok.onego.ru

CURRENT SITUATION WITH PROTECTION HCVF

IN REPUBLIC OF KARELIA

Alexandr Markovsky

Workshop

High Conservation Value Forests (pristine forests) of the European North of Russia

Approaches to Conservation and Sustainable Use

April 1-3, 2009, Syktyvkar

slide2
GENERAL APPROACHTo support nature values of a certain area we should protect biodiversity on different levels.
  • Large valuable forest areas of world and international concernment.
  • Less valuable forest areas of regional and local concernment.
  • Key biotopes – local patches of special value.
slide3

1. Large valuable forest areas of world and international concernment.

Map of Intact Forest Landscapes (undisturbed forest territories with square more 50.000 ha) was published by group of Russian NGO’s.

slide4

Also last large areas of native forest were reflected in works of Karelian Research Centre (left picture) and in more detailed map “Old-Growth Forest of High Conservation Value-2007” by NGO’s (right picture).

example of ogf conservation with voluntary moratorium in the leasing area of pyaozerskiy lph
Example of OGF conservation with voluntary moratorium in the leasing area of “Pyaozerskiy LPH”

2. Less valuable forest areas of regional and local concernment (smaller than 50.000 ha) .

So investigation of 2nd level areas should be continued.

slide6
3. Key biotopes.

Identification and protection of key biotopes can be done in forestry.

forest use can be combined with biodiversity conservation how we can organize it
To exclude most valuable objects from exploitation

To adopt forestry practice to pay more attention to forest dynamic and biodiversity conservation

Forest use can be combined with biodiversity conservation.How we can organize it?
slide9

Karelian Master-Plan consist 60 planning nature reserves.Total area (without water surface) is about 1600 th. ha (9 % from forestry area of Karelia). Almost all OGF are included in planned nature reserves.

Protected area in Karelia.216 nature reserves - 1007,6 th. ha (5,6 % from total area of Karelia).133 of them have regulations which allow any cuttings (1,9 % from total area of Karelia)

slide12
The inside instruction for enterprises define how protection biodiversity in forestry should be managed.
slide13
The Field manual book includes 13 key habitats which potentially consist highest level of forests biodiversity
slide15
The Field manual book includes descriptions of key habitats, their photos and recommendation of protection.
slide16

STEP 1. There are needs to go via all planning logging plot and identify key habitats, bases on Field manual book.(Type 1. Coniferous forests in wet depression)

Bryoria fremontii – lichen from Russian Red data book

the experience of karelian field manual book are spread in other forest regions of nw russia
The experience of Karelian field manual book are spread in other forest regions of NW-Russia

2007

2008

http://www.wwf.ru/data/pub/regions/biotops.pdf (Arkhangelsk WWF)

http://spok.onego.ru/Opredelitel_mail.pdf (SPOK)

different reason for protection biodiversity in forestry in nw russia
Different reason for protection biodiversity in forestry in NW-Russia
  • Federal law about nature reserves predict biodiversity and wildness area protection;
  • New Forest code says that forest law should provide sustainable forestry and biodiversity conservation;
  • New Logging rules predict to protect biodiversity during logging operations;
  • FSC requests are corresponded with Russian federal law and ratified international conventions (for example Convention on Biological Diversity).
overlapping between planned nature reserves and hcvf
Overlapping between planned nature reserves and HCVF

New “Master plan…” include:

250 th. ha (1,4 % from total area of Karelia) – are protected on a voluntary basis by forest companies;

660 th. ha (3.7 % from total area of Karelia) – are not protected

slide23
Almost all big forest industry enterprises of Karelia voluntarily protect OGF in their leasing area. They are:
  • Ledmozersky LZH
  • Karellesprom holding company
  • Segezha PPM (Investlesprom)
  • Swedwood Karelia (IKEA)
  • Ladenso (Stora Enso)
  • Pyaozersky LPH
  • Muezersky LPH (Investlesprom)
  • etc.
slide24
So in Karelia by summer 2008 forest companies agreed to protect voluntarily allintact forest landscapes with area more 50.000 ha
the karelia authorities nowadays recognize the value of ogf and the need of their protection
The Karelia authorities nowadays recognize the value of OGF and the need of their protection
  • "Karelian Forest Committee (Goskomles) considers that social, ecological and spiritual value of old-growth forests is much more valuable than price of wood and industrial products than can be gained from these forests." (Karelian Forest Committee, 18.09.07)
  • "The unclearities with old-growth forests effects the process of forest certification... and the work of forest industry enterprises. Old-growth forest territories need to be pointed out and determined in related documents and in the regulations guiding forest management... Reasoned recommendations... for old-growth forests protection can be taken into account in Forest Management Plan and in forest management regulations as Especially Protected Forest Plots (osobo zashitie uchastki) " (Ministry of Industry of the Republic of Karelia), 24.09.07)
groups of investigators which deal with protection biodiversity in forestry
Groups of investigators which deal with protection biodiversity in forestry
  • Global forest watsh (Russia)
  • WWF (Russian Far East)
  • WWF (Arkhangelsk)
  • Found “Silver Tajga”
  • SPOK
  • Pskov Model Forest
  • Kirov’s Forest Certifications Centre
  • Metsaliitto (Leningrad region)
  • Project “Biological value forests”(Leif Andersson&Nadja Alekseeva)
slide31
Current problems with protection biodiversity in forestry practice of FSC-certified company in Karelia
agreement about protection hcvf in maslozero case 2007
Agreement about protection HCVF in “Maslozero case”, 2007

Planned logging plots

Voluntary protected HCVF and planned PA

slide35
Letter from company “SLZK” (“Investlesprom”) about stop logging in HCVF in “Selegskoe case” and moved activities in other plots
slide37

Planned protected HCVF revealed with special investigation in leased area of “Investlesprom”202623га - 11% of leased area. Selective cutting is allowed.

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