ECD ISSUES & RECOMMENDATIONS . Children Ready for Schools Schools Ready For Children . Policies. Quality Basic Services. Family. Child. Community . ECD Framework. KEY ISSUES
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Children Ready for SchoolsSchools Ready For Children
Quality Basic Services
Delayed and inadequate growth and development (low birth weight , malnutrition, micro nutrient deficiency affecting brain development and learning)
Increasing number of orphans (maternal mortality, conflicts & HIV/AIDS)
Lack of access to quality basic services for young children, especially in disadvantaged communities
No one single ECD program model applicable to all national contexts: there is a range of options and examples (to be evaluated)
The quality of the programs is key (training , appropriate materials, secure environments)
ECD programs have demonstrated their impact on access, retention and success in primary school (reducing drop out and repetition), ensuring gender parity.
Partnerships, collaboration & coordination are essential for a holistic response to children’s rights & development needs.
Factors affecting capability of parents / caregivers to care and educate children
Changes in family structures, poverty, conflicts, HIV/AIDS
Insufficient knowledge and skills
Limited access to info and services (literacy level, lack of communication)
Opportunity costs within families
Gender related issues
Parents’ own negative experiences with the education system
Necessity to build on knowledge & practices of positive traditional care
Continuous sensitization of parents on ECD concept and interventions is crucial
Empowerment of parents (with a gender perspective) is key
Serious problems in the early grades of primary
Highest dropout/ repetition rates in the first years
Large number of under and /or over-aged children
Large class sizes
Language of instruction different to that of home
Early primary teachers without adequate training Long distances
Limited school/ community links.
Training & motivation of teachers are crucial
Pedagogic material (even local or home made) make the difference
Children learn better in their first language
The size of group/class and the Teacher/ Child ratio is important
Thank You on behalf of the Young Children