Un system who and who regional office for europe
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UN System, WHO and WHO Regional Office for Europe. UN System. established on 24 October 1945 by 51 member states General Assembly Secretary General and UN Secretariat Security Council UN Programmes and Funds (UNDP, UNHCR, UNICEF, etc.) Specialized agencies (WHO, FAO, ILO, etc.).

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UN System, WHO and WHO Regional Office for Europe

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Un system who and who regional office for europe

UN System, WHO andWHO Regional Office for Europe


Un system

UN System

  • established on 24 October 1945 by 51 member states

  • General Assembly

  • Secretary General and UN Secretariat

  • Security Council

  • UN Programmes and Funds (UNDP, UNHCR, UNICEF, etc.)

  • Specialized agencies (WHO, FAO, ILO, etc.)


Role of the who in the un system

Role of the WHO in the UN system

The World Health Organization is the directing

and coordinating authority on international health

within the United Nations’ system. WHO experts

produce health guidelines and standards, and help

countries to address public health issues. WHO also

supports and promotes health research. Through

WHO, governments can jointly tackle global health

problems and improve people’s well-being.


Who s mission is global and permanent

WHO’s missionis global and permanent

“The mission of WHO is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health”

Source: WHO’s Constitution


Who s constitution

WHO’s Constitution

  • Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

  • … the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition.


Declaration of human rights

Declaration of Human Rights

All human beings are born equal in dignity and rights and are entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the Declaration.


Who principles and values

WHO principles and values

  • Health as a human right

  • Building of countries’ capacity for own heath needs

  • Universal coverage according to needs

  • Equity

  • Society’s sense for collective responsibility

  • Active and direct involvement in shaping health agendas


Who s four core functions

WHO’s four core functions

  • to give worldwide guidance in the field of health

  • to set global standards for health

  • to cooperate with governments in strengthening national health programmes

  • to develop and transfer appropriate health technology, information and standards.


Strategic directions for who

Strategic directions for WHO

  • Reduce mortality, morbidity and disability, especially of poor and marginalized populations

  • Promoting healthy lifestyles and reducing leading risk factors

  • Strengthen health systems

  • Place health at centre of broader development agenda


Millennium development goals mdgs

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

Eight major goals:

  • Eradicate poverty and hunger

  • Achieve universal primary education

  • Promote gender equality and empower women

  • Reduce child mortality

  • Improve maternal health

  • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Develop a global partnership for development


One who three levels of action

ONE WHOthree levels of action

  • Headquarters

  • Six Regional Offices

  • Country Offices


Un system who and who regional office for europe

WHO Offices


Who in numbers

WHO in numbers

  • WHO was established in 1948 by 61 governments

  • The WHO Constitution was ratified on 7 April – World Health Day

  • Today there are 193 Member States

  • Employs 8000 public health experts worldwide

  • Has 147 country offices worldwide


Who governance in brief

WHO governance in brief

  • Headquarters in Geneva

  • Six regional offices

  • 193 Member States - 2 Associate Members

  • World Health Assembly - Executive Board

  • International working groups

  • Regional Committee - Standing committee

  • NGOs with formal relations with the WHO

  • GSM


Who governance documentation

WHO governance documentation

  • Constitution

  • Medium-term Strategic Plans 15 years

  • General Programme of Work 6 years

  • Biennial budgets

  • Resolutions

    Result - based managementStrategic approach


General programme of work organization wide global priorities

General Programme of Work:Organization-wide global priorities:

  • 3 major communicable diseases: malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS

  • Cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes

  • Tobacco

  • Making pregnancy safer and children’s health

  • Health and environment

  • Food safety

  • Mental health

  • Blood safety

  • Health systems


Aims of the un reform

Aims of the UN reform

  • Provide better coordination on country level

  • Ensure more transparency (triggered by “Oil for food” case)

  • Ensure efficiency and savings by consolidating resources


Who budget

WHO Budget

  • 2006-2007: regular budget US$ 915 million

  • 20 Member States pay about 90% of the budget

  • 11 of the 20 are in the European Region

  • About 3/4 of budget comes from extra budgetary funds


How is the money spent

How is the money spent?

53% - Response to concrete health threats (epidemics, maternal and child mortality etc, immunization)

21% - Information and knowledge for Members States

13% - Health care, health personnel, quality of medicines

11% - Determinants of health (nutrition, tobacco, environment etc)


Un system who and who regional office for europe

FCTC

  • Six meetings of the interational negotiation body 2000-2003

  • Convention; protocols under preparation

  • Entered into force 2005

  • Conference of Parties

  • Secretariat of COP housed by WHO

  • 149 member states


International health regulation

International Health Regulation

  • A binding international agreement on the control of PHEICs

  • 4 diseases > decision algorithm > determination and notification of WHO

  • rights, obligations and procedures in ensuring international health security without unnecessary intereference in international traffic and trade

  • in a PHEIC WHO can issue recommendations

  • all Member States

  • entered into force 15 June 2007


Commission on sdhs

Commission on SDHs

  • Commission

  • Knowledge networks

  • Report in 2008

  • Implementation?

  • Agenda of the public health of the 21st century?


Who regional office for europe

WHO Regional Office for Europe


Who euro

WHO/EURO

WHO/EURO is the secretariat for

53 Member States of the European

Region - about 900 million people


Who euro1

WHO/EURO

  • Office exists since 1957

  • About 700 staff, out of which about 330 in Copenhagen

  • More than 60 different nationalities


Euro country offices

EURO – Country Offices

  • Liaison offices

  • Projects and programmes

  • Humanitarian assistance

    Plus

  • Centres (GDOs)


Euro regional strategy matching services to needs

EURO regional strategy: Matching services to needs

Support Member States in:

  • developing and sustaining their own health policies, health systems and public health programmes;

  • preventing and overcoming threats to health;

  • anticipating future challenges; and

  • advocating public health


Euro priority areas

EURO priority areas

  • Strengthening health systems

  • Reduction of burden of diseases

  • Strengthening information / intelligence function

  • Partnership development


Who european region challenges

WHO European Region – challenges

86% of deaths account for non-communicable diseases

9% - for communicable diseases

  • Obesity

  • Children and adolescent health

  • High tobacco and alcohol consumption

  • Mental health

  • Injuries and accidents

  • HIV/AIDS

  • TB

  • Measles and rubella


Healthy life expectancy latest available

Healthy life expectancy (latest available )

Highest

San Marino: 73.4 years

Sweden: 73.3 years

Switzerland: 73.2 years

Lowest

Turkmenistan: 54.4 years

Tajikistan: 54.7 years

Kazakhstan: 55.9 years


Leading ncd conditions in europe

Leading NCD conditions in Europe


The main causes are known

The main causes are known


Prevalence of overweight among school children in europe

Prevalence of overweight among school children in Europe

IOTF estimates IOTF-Cole et al definition of overweight


What does the future hold

What does the future hold?

  • By 2050, more than one-quarter of Europe’s population is expected to be over 65 years

  • More than one-third of men over 60 years of age have 2 or more chronic conditions - with the number increasing with age and among women


Actions health systems

Actions: health systems

  • Policy support: Stewardship, Financing, Service delivery, Resource Generation

  • Health intelligence service

  • Ministerial conference on Health Systems 2008


Actions communicable diseases

Actions: communicable diseases

  • Influenza Preparedness Plans

  • Revised International Health Regulations

  • HIV/AIDS - The 3 x 5

    • 100,000 more patients on ART

  • Measles and congenital rubella

    • European immunization week 2005


Actions non communicable diseases

Actions: non-communicable diseases

  • Ministerial Conference on Mental Health, January 2005

  • European Strategy on NCD

  • Ministerial Conference on counteracting obesity, November 2006

  • Alcohol Action Plan – RC55

  • Framework Convention on Tobacco Control – European Action Plan


Actions environment and health

Actions:Environment and health

  • Ministerial conferences 2004 (2009)

  • Mid term review 2007

  • Ministerial declaration

  • Children’s environmental health action plan

  • EEHC

  • Direct support to member states


Financial resources

Financial resources

  • Programme Budget for 2006-07: USD 212 m

  • Regular budget USD 58 m (~ 27%)

  • Other sources USD 154 m (~ 73%).


Resources

Resources

  • Partnerships: UN organizations, EU, NGOs, WHO Collaborating Centres

  • Vast network of specialists in public health, universities and research institutes across the Region


More information is available

More information is available

  • Internet WHO/HQ www.who.int

  • Internet WHO/EURO www.euro.who.int


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