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DSM-IV-TR to DSM-V; What you might want to know . Tiffany Wynn, MA, PCC Prescott College August 2013. Purpose . Workshop for practitioners and students who are already familiar with the DSM-IV-TR. Including: Content Use Limitations

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Dsm iv tr to dsm v what you might want to know
DSM-IV-TR to DSM-V; What you might want to know

Tiffany Wynn, MA, PCC

Prescott College

August 2013


  • Workshop for practitioners and students who are already familiar with the DSM-IV-TR. Including:

  • Content

  • Use

  • Limitations

  • Solely for the purpose of facilitating the first step in transitioning from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-V

  • Disclaimer

Conceptual development
Conceptual Development






Explicit Criteria


Requires Clinically Significant Distress



Glossary Definitions

DSM-I Presumed Etiology

Dsm v

  • New approaches considered

  • Dimensional Spectra

  • Developmental structures included

  • Culture Included

  • Impairment

  • Considered a living document

  • Intentional move away from expert consensus and relying more on empirical data

Perceived shortcomings in dsm iv
Perceived shortcomings in DSM-IV

  • High rates of comorbidity

  • High use of NOS category

  • Treatment non-specificity

  • Inability to find laboratory markers/ tests

  • DSM is starting to hinder research progress

Definition of a mental disorder
Definition of a Mental Disorder

  • A mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in a individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning.

When making a diagnosis
When making a diagnosis

  • Consider contextual information (course, differential), distress, clinical judgment, culture

  • Diagnosis is given, DSM-V provides severity assessments that can help you differentiate and specify

  • Apply codes and follow coding and recording procedures

  • Develop a treatment plan and outcome monitoring approach

Net change
Net Change


  • Total 172 specific mental disorders

  • DSM-V

  • Total 157 specific mental disorders

New and eliminated in dsm v
New and eliminated in DSM-V

  • New Disorders

  • Social (pragmatic) Communication Disorder

  • Disruptive Mood Disorder

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

  • Hoarding Disorder

  • Excoriation (Skin picking) Disorder

  • Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (split from RAD)

  • Binge eating disorder

  • Central Sleep Apnea (split from breathing related disorder)

  • Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder

  • Restless Legs Syndrome (Dyssmnia NOS)

New and eliminated in dsm v1
New and eliminated in DSM-V

  • New Disorders

  • 11. Caffeine withdrawal

  • 12. Cannabis Withdrawal

  • 13. Major Neurocognitive Disorder with Lewy Body Disease (Dementia Due to Other Medical Conditions)

  • Eliminated Disorders

  • Sexual Aversion Disorder

  • Polysubstance-Related Disorder

I am not going to cover the following
I am not going to cover the following:

  • Dissociative Disorders, there are however a number of changes made regarding increased awareness and acceptance of cultural and religiuos practices.

  • Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders, medically unexplained symptoms and disorders

  • Binge eating: IT has been elevated to the main body of the DSM-V and is under eating and feeding disorders

  • Anorexia: no Longer requires amenorrhea

  • Avoidant/ restrictive food intake disorder: This is the new name for what was feeding disorders of childhood

  • Sleep wake disorders: primary insomnia renamed insomnia disorder, Rapid eye movement disorder and restless leggs syndrome moved to the main body of the DSM

I am not going to cover the following1
I am not going to cover the following:

  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep disorders

  • Breathing Related Sleep Disorders

  • Sexual Dysfunctions: Vaginismus and dyspareunia and merged into genito-pelvic pain penetration disorder

  • Neurocognitive Disorders: replace dementia and has a newly added Mild NCD; NCD subtypes are now present frontotemporal dementia, Lewy bodies

  • Paraphilic Disorders: separated into paraphilia's that do not involve non-consenting victims (transvestism) are not necessarily indicative of mental disorder…requires distress, impairment or abuse of non-consenting victim. Now has new specifier: in a controlled environment, in remission

Intellectual disability intellectual developmental disorder
Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder)

  • Mental Retardation was renamed intellectual disability

  • Greater emphasis on adaptive functioning deficits rather than IQ score

Autism spectrum disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder Disorder)

  • ASD replaces DSM-IV’s autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, childhood disintegration disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not other wise specified

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Attention deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder Disorder)

  • Age of onset was raised from 7 to 12 years

  • Symptom threshold for adults age 17 years and older was reduced to five criteria

Specific learning disorder
Specific Learning Disorder Disorder)

  • Now presented as a single disorder with specifies for: Reading, Writing and Mathematics


(Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders)

Elimination of special treatment of bizarre delusions and “Special” hallucinations in Criterion A

At least one of two required symptoms to meet Criterion A must be delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech

Deletion of specific subtypes

Mania and hypomania bipolar and related disorders
Mania and Hypomania Disorder)(Bipolar and Related Disorders)

  • Inclusion of increased energy. Activity as a Criterion A symptom of mania and hypomania

  • Mixed Episode is replaced with mixed features

    • Specifier for manic, hypomanic and major depressive episodes

  • With anxious distress also added as a specifier for bipolar and depressive disorders

Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder dmdd
Disruptive Mood Disorder)Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD)

  • Newly added to DSM-V

Anxiety Disorders

Separation of DSM-IV anxiety disorders chapter into four distinct chapters

Anxiety can be a specifier code for most other disorders now

Panic Attack Specifier: Now a specifier for any mental disorder

Obsessive compulsive and related disorders
Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders Disorder)

  • Hoarding Disorder

Newly added to DSM-V

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Newly calssified as as an OCD-related disorder rather than a somatic dosorder

~ All now include expanded specifiers to indicate degree of insight present(i.e. good or fair; poor, absent or delusional

Trauma and stress related disorders
Trauma and Stress Related Disorders Disorder)

  • PTSD

    • Stressor Criterion is more explicit

    • Expansion to four symptom clusters: intrusion symptoms, avoidance symptoms, negative alterations in mood and cognition and alterations in arousal and reactivity

    • Separate criteria are now available for PTSD occurring in preschool-age children (6 and younger)

T sr disorders continued
T & SR Disorders Continued Disorder)

  • RAD and DSED

  • Reactive Attachment subtypes are now two distinct sdisorders

    • RAD

    • Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder

Gender dysphoria
Gender Disorder)Dysphoria

  • Newly added separate diagnostic class

  • Now includes two separate sets of diagnostic criteria for children and adult/adolescents

Intermittent explosive disorder
Intermittent explosive disorder Disorder)

  • Provides more specific criteria to define types of outbursts and the frequency needed to meet threshold.

  • CANNOT diagnosis before age 6

Substance related and addictive disorders
Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders Disorder)

  • Substance Use Disorder

  • Consolidated substance abuse with substance dependence

  • Will be coded with severity

  • Removal of legal criteria for abuse diagnosis

  • Added craving or strong desire or urge to use the substance

Personality disorders
Personality Disorders Disorder)

  • ALL 10 DSM-IV PDs remain intact, there is a shift to an alternate trait based approach to assessing personality and PDs that includes specific types.

  • This means features can be identified and present in any diagnostic conceptualization but do not necessarily require a diagnosis.

Thank you
Thank you! Disorder)