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Bell Ringer . Pull out Ch 18 reading notes and GRAPES chart. Hand in Quiz Correction (in the back of the room) . Agenda . Bell ringer Finish Frame activity (discussion) Notes . Homework . Taboo Cards: Enlightenment, Reformation, Absolute Monarchs Timeline : Western Europe

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Bell Ringer

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Bell Ringer

  • Pull out Ch 18 reading notes and GRAPES chart.

  • Hand in Quiz Correction (in the back of the room)


Agenda

  • Bell ringer

  • Finish Frame activity (discussion)

  • Notes


Homework

  • Taboo Cards: Enlightenment, Reformation, Absolute Monarchs

  • Timeline: Western Europe

  • Timeline: South America


Objectives

  • 4.1 Describe the unifying themes of the Early Modern Period

  • 4.2 Summarize the impact of cultural changes in the West, including the renaissance and Reformation

  • 4.3 Explain the causes and impacts of the Age of Exploration and the expansion of early European colonial empires

  • 4.4 Describe the global trade process known as the Columbian Exchange


4.4 Summarize the impact of cultural changes in the West, including the renaissance and Reformation


  • http://www.youtube.com/user/historyteachers#p/u/5/89Xv4mV1BIs


The Renaissance!

  • What?

  • Why Italy?

    • Urban, commercial, competitive

  • Renaissance spirit: Humanism


Renaissance People

  • Michelangelo

  • Leonardo da Vinci

  • Shakespeare

  • Erasmus


Renaissance Effects

  • How does the Renaissance…

    • Make Europe different from other places?

    • Prepare Europe for exploration?


http://www.youtube.com/user/historyteachers#p/u/5/89Xv4mV1BIs


Reformation

  • Major complaints

    • Indulgences

    • Usury

  • Major changes

    • Protestant religions

    • Secularism

    • End of (Western) Christian unity


GOOOOOD /Afternoon

  • Place your timelines and Taboo cards in the back.

  • Pick up a SPICE chart and if you want a guided reading

  • Pull out your notes from last class


Homework

  • Chapter 19 and SPICE chart


Reformation People

  • Luther

  • Calvin

  • Henry VIII

  • Elizabeth I

  • Gutenberg


  • http://www.youtube.com/user/historyteachers#p/u/27/7e2bA3tTYow


Religious Wars

  • England vs. Spain

  • Within France

  • Thirty Years War


4.2 Explain the causes and impacts of the Age of Exploration and the expansion of early European colonial empires


European Expansion


Exploration. Why?

  • Demand

  • Fear

  • The Three Gs

    • Mercantilism

  • Technology


European Explorers


Colonial Empires


Effects on Europe

  • Colonial rivalries  war

  • More manufacturing, commercial activity

  • Governments gain from taxes

  • Most gain put back into colonization!


Effects on the World

  • Colonization

  • International exchange

  • New world economy


Early Colonial Empires

  • The Americas

    • New Spain

    • Brazil

    • New England and New France


Early Colonial Empires

  • Africa

    • Coastal

    • Cape Colony

  • Asia

    • Philippines

    • India


4.3 Describe the global trade process known as the Columbian Exchange


Columbian Exchange

Sugar, tobacco, cotton

Americas

Europe

TRIANGLE TRADE!

Textiles, rum, manufactured goods

Slaves

Africa


Changes in America

  • Disease and depopulation

  • Pastoralism – cattle

  • Changes in warfare – horses (and guns)


Changes in Africa

  • Slave trade

  • Gunpowder


Changes in Europe

  • Controlled trade, got rich

  • Population explosion

    • Potatoes


New World Economy

  • Europeans dominate trade routes

  • Increased exchanges

  • Increased exploitation

    • Labor systems

    • Global economics

  • Core and periphery

    • If America is the periphery, who is the core?


Neutral Parties

  • Self-isolation

    • Japan, China

  • Internally focused

    • India (Mughals), Ottomans, Safavids

  • Too remote

    • Russia, African interior


Bellringer

  • Fill out the Van diagram

    • Use your notes


Happy New Years


Objectives

  • Identify the major changes and figures in the Scientific Revolution.

  • Explain the meaning and impact of the Enlightenment.

  • Describe the political development of Early Modern Europe, especially Absolutism.

  • Describe European colonial systems established in Latin America.

  • Describe the effects of colonization on American Indian societies.

  • Compare the colonial administration in the various New World empires, and between New World regions


Agenda

  • Bell ringer

  • Lecture

  • Reading activity


Change in Homework

  • You will only need to do ONE of the remaining timelines. The timeline will be DUE the day of your MIDTERM exam

  • Homework

    • Chapter 20

    • Comparative outline


Scientific Revolution

  • Major intellectual change

  • Major cultural change

  • Major scientific change


Major People

  • Copernicus

  • Kepler

  • Galileo

  • Isaac Newton

  • William Harvey


Enlightenment

  • Apply the scientific revolution to society

  • New views on:

    • Reason

    • Society and progress

    • Government and liberty

  • Secular and humanist outlook

    • Individualism


Types of Governments

  • Absolute Monarchy

    • Absolutism

    • Divine right

  • Parliamentary Monarchy

    • Parliament


Types of Governments

Absolutist

Parliamentary

England

Netherlands

  • France

  • Spain

  • Prussia

  • Russia


Latin America


Colonial Vocabulary

  • Encomienda

  • Plantation

  • Hacienda

  • Galleon

  • Viceroy

  • Peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos


European Systems

  • Role of the Pope

    • Treaty of Tordesillas

  • Spain

    • Mini-Spain

    • New elites

  • Portugal

    • Ports and plantations

    • More exploitative


Effects on Indians

  • Destruction

    • Livestock replace people

  • Change in religious beliefs

  • Serfdom

  • Selective adaptation

  • New social classes


Europe in 1650


Bourbon Monarchy

  • Family of kings in France and later Spain

  • Catholics

  • Won the religious wars in France, caused more wars when they took over Spain


Hapsburg Monarchy

  • Family of kings in Spain, Austria, Netherlands, and parts of Germany

  • Controlled Holy Roman Empire (and more, or less)


European Rulers and Wars

RUSSIA

1533-1584

Ivan the Terrible

1682-1725

Peter the Great

1517

Protestant Reformation

1588

Spanish Armada

1598

Edict of Nantes

1618-1648

Thirty Years War

1701-1714

War of Spanish Succession

1556-1598

Philip II of Spain

SPAIN

1509-1547

Henry VIII

1558-1603

Elizabeth I

1642-1651

English Civil War

1689

Glorious Revolution

ENGLAND

1624-1642

Cardinal Richelieu

1643-1715

Louis XIV

FRANCE


A Brief History of the Netherlands

  • Controlled by Spain

    • Got angry at Philip II for raising taxes and being mean to Protestants

    • William of Orange became leader of revolt

    • Northern provinces became the Netherlands, Protestant and independent

    • Southern provinces were Catholic and controlled by Spain (now called Belgium)

  • United Provinces of Netherlands were a republic, built huge trade empire

  • William of Orange became king of England and fought against Bourbons (France)

  • War of Spanish Succession transfers Spanish Netherlands to Austrian Hapsburgs


Bellringer

  • Pull out your packet from last class. You have the first 20mins to complete it.


Agenda

  • Bellringer

  • Lecture

  • Web organizer


Objectives

  • Describe the effects of the Atlantic Slave Trade on Africans.

  • Identify characteristics of African societies in the Early Modern Period.

  • Examine the effects of the African Diaspora.


Homework

  • Chapter 21  Tri-Split Grapes chart

  • Taboo cards  Muslim Empires

  • Continue working on Timeline


Slave Trade

  • Not new, anywhere

  • Continuity

    • Like gold trade

    • Existing patterns

    • Old conflicts

  • Change

    • More

    • More men


Early Modern Africa

  • Before Europeans arrive

    • Civilized if not advanced or organized

  • After Europeans arrive

    • Portuguese colonization

    • Centralization around slave trade

  • Developments and innovation


Asante and Dahomey

  • Large states in west Africa

  • Asante

    • Controlled gold and slave trade in Gold Coast

  • Dahomey

    • Conquered neighbors with guns and exported slaves


African Diaspora

  • Spread of people  spread of culture

  • Cultural blending

    • Christianity

  • Continuities – old patterns

  • Changes

    • New hierarchies: Creoles


Activity

  • Working with your partner create a web organizer that illiterates the causes and effects of the grow of international trade in Period 4.

  • Use your notes to create your web organizer


Guide Lines

  • Include the following (but not limited too)

    • Causes of European expansion through new technologies but also political and social changes

    • At least one historical event for each cause and effect

    • Causes and effect of the Columbian exchange, triangular trade, increase in slavery and Latin America


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