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Bell Ringer . Pull out Ch 18 reading notes and GRAPES chart. Hand in Quiz Correction (in the back of the room) . Agenda . Bell ringer Finish Frame activity (discussion) Notes . Homework . Taboo Cards: Enlightenment, Reformation, Absolute Monarchs Timeline : Western Europe

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Bell Ringer

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Bell ringer

Bell Ringer

  • Pull out Ch 18 reading notes and GRAPES chart.

  • Hand in Quiz Correction (in the back of the room)



  • Bell ringer

  • Finish Frame activity (discussion)

  • Notes



  • Taboo Cards: Enlightenment, Reformation, Absolute Monarchs

  • Timeline: Western Europe

  • Timeline: South America



  • 4.1 Describe the unifying themes of the Early Modern Period

  • 4.2 Summarize the impact of cultural changes in the West, including the renaissance and Reformation

  • 4.3 Explain the causes and impacts of the Age of Exploration and the expansion of early European colonial empires

  • 4.4 Describe the global trade process known as the Columbian Exchange

4 4 summarize the impact of cultural changes in the west including the renaissance and reformation

4.4 Summarize the impact of cultural changes in the West, including the renaissance and Reformation

Bell ringer


The renaissance

The Renaissance!

  • What?

  • Why Italy?

    • Urban, commercial, competitive

  • Renaissance spirit: Humanism

Renaissance people

Renaissance People

  • Michelangelo

  • Leonardo da Vinci

  • Shakespeare

  • Erasmus

Renaissance effects

Renaissance Effects

  • How does the Renaissance…

    • Make Europe different from other places?

    • Prepare Europe for exploration?

Http www youtube com user historyteachers p u 5 89xv4mv1bis



  • Major complaints

    • Indulgences

    • Usury

  • Major changes

    • Protestant religions

    • Secularism

    • End of (Western) Christian unity

Goooood afternoon

GOOOOOD /Afternoon

  • Place your timelines and Taboo cards in the back.

  • Pick up a SPICE chart and if you want a guided reading

  • Pull out your notes from last class



  • Chapter 19 and SPICE chart

Reformation people

Reformation People

  • Luther

  • Calvin

  • Henry VIII

  • Elizabeth I

  • Gutenberg

Bell ringer


Religious wars

Religious Wars

  • England vs. Spain

  • Within France

  • Thirty Years War

Bell ringer

4.2 Explain the causes and impacts of the Age of Exploration and the expansion of early European colonial empires

European expansion

European Expansion

Exploration why

Exploration. Why?

  • Demand

  • Fear

  • The Three Gs

    • Mercantilism

  • Technology

European explorers

European Explorers

Colonial empires

Colonial Empires

Effects on europe

Effects on Europe

  • Colonial rivalries  war

  • More manufacturing, commercial activity

  • Governments gain from taxes

  • Most gain put back into colonization!

Effects on the world

Effects on the World

  • Colonization

  • International exchange

  • New world economy

Early colonial empires

Early Colonial Empires

  • The Americas

    • New Spain

    • Brazil

    • New England and New France

Early colonial empires1

Early Colonial Empires

  • Africa

    • Coastal

    • Cape Colony

  • Asia

    • Philippines

    • India

4 3 describe the global trade process known as the columbian exchange

4.3 Describe the global trade process known as the Columbian Exchange

Columbian exchange

Columbian Exchange

Sugar, tobacco, cotton




Textiles, rum, manufactured goods



Changes in america

Changes in America

  • Disease and depopulation

  • Pastoralism – cattle

  • Changes in warfare – horses (and guns)

Changes in africa

Changes in Africa

  • Slave trade

  • Gunpowder

Changes in europe

Changes in Europe

  • Controlled trade, got rich

  • Population explosion

    • Potatoes

New world economy

New World Economy

  • Europeans dominate trade routes

  • Increased exchanges

  • Increased exploitation

    • Labor systems

    • Global economics

  • Core and periphery

    • If America is the periphery, who is the core?

Neutral parties

Neutral Parties

  • Self-isolation

    • Japan, China

  • Internally focused

    • India (Mughals), Ottomans, Safavids

  • Too remote

    • Russia, African interior



  • Fill out the Van diagram

    • Use your notes

Happy new years

Happy New Years



  • Identify the major changes and figures in the Scientific Revolution.

  • Explain the meaning and impact of the Enlightenment.

  • Describe the political development of Early Modern Europe, especially Absolutism.

  • Describe European colonial systems established in Latin America.

  • Describe the effects of colonization on American Indian societies.

  • Compare the colonial administration in the various New World empires, and between New World regions



  • Bell ringer

  • Lecture

  • Reading activity

Change in homework

Change in Homework

  • You will only need to do ONE of the remaining timelines. The timeline will be DUE the day of your MIDTERM exam

  • Homework

    • Chapter 20

    • Comparative outline

Scientific revolution

Scientific Revolution

  • Major intellectual change

  • Major cultural change

  • Major scientific change

Major people

Major People

  • Copernicus

  • Kepler

  • Galileo

  • Isaac Newton

  • William Harvey



  • Apply the scientific revolution to society

  • New views on:

    • Reason

    • Society and progress

    • Government and liberty

  • Secular and humanist outlook

    • Individualism

Types of governments

Types of Governments

  • Absolute Monarchy

    • Absolutism

    • Divine right

  • Parliamentary Monarchy

    • Parliament

Types of governments1

Types of Governments





  • France

  • Spain

  • Prussia

  • Russia

Latin america

Latin America

Colonial vocabulary

Colonial Vocabulary

  • Encomienda

  • Plantation

  • Hacienda

  • Galleon

  • Viceroy

  • Peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos

European systems

European Systems

  • Role of the Pope

    • Treaty of Tordesillas

  • Spain

    • Mini-Spain

    • New elites

  • Portugal

    • Ports and plantations

    • More exploitative

Effects on indians

Effects on Indians

  • Destruction

    • Livestock replace people

  • Change in religious beliefs

  • Serfdom

  • Selective adaptation

  • New social classes

Europe in 1650

Europe in 1650

Bourbon monarchy

Bourbon Monarchy

  • Family of kings in France and later Spain

  • Catholics

  • Won the religious wars in France, caused more wars when they took over Spain

Hapsburg monarchy

Hapsburg Monarchy

  • Family of kings in Spain, Austria, Netherlands, and parts of Germany

  • Controlled Holy Roman Empire (and more, or less)

European rulers and wars

European Rulers and Wars



Ivan the Terrible


Peter the Great


Protestant Reformation


Spanish Armada


Edict of Nantes


Thirty Years War


War of Spanish Succession


Philip II of Spain



Henry VIII


Elizabeth I


English Civil War


Glorious Revolution



Cardinal Richelieu


Louis XIV


A brief history of the netherlands

A Brief History of the Netherlands

  • Controlled by Spain

    • Got angry at Philip II for raising taxes and being mean to Protestants

    • William of Orange became leader of revolt

    • Northern provinces became the Netherlands, Protestant and independent

    • Southern provinces were Catholic and controlled by Spain (now called Belgium)

  • United Provinces of Netherlands were a republic, built huge trade empire

  • William of Orange became king of England and fought against Bourbons (France)

  • War of Spanish Succession transfers Spanish Netherlands to Austrian Hapsburgs



  • Pull out your packet from last class. You have the first 20mins to complete it.



  • Bellringer

  • Lecture

  • Web organizer



  • Describe the effects of the Atlantic Slave Trade on Africans.

  • Identify characteristics of African societies in the Early Modern Period.

  • Examine the effects of the African Diaspora.



  • Chapter 21  Tri-Split Grapes chart

  • Taboo cards  Muslim Empires

  • Continue working on Timeline

Slave trade

Slave Trade

  • Not new, anywhere

  • Continuity

    • Like gold trade

    • Existing patterns

    • Old conflicts

  • Change

    • More

    • More men

Early modern africa

Early Modern Africa

  • Before Europeans arrive

    • Civilized if not advanced or organized

  • After Europeans arrive

    • Portuguese colonization

    • Centralization around slave trade

  • Developments and innovation

Asante and dahomey

Asante and Dahomey

  • Large states in west Africa

  • Asante

    • Controlled gold and slave trade in Gold Coast

  • Dahomey

    • Conquered neighbors with guns and exported slaves

African diaspora

African Diaspora

  • Spread of people  spread of culture

  • Cultural blending

    • Christianity

  • Continuities – old patterns

  • Changes

    • New hierarchies: Creoles



  • Working with your partner create a web organizer that illiterates the causes and effects of the grow of international trade in Period 4.

  • Use your notes to create your web organizer

Guide lines

Guide Lines

  • Include the following (but not limited too)

    • Causes of European expansion through new technologies but also political and social changes

    • At least one historical event for each cause and effect

    • Causes and effect of the Columbian exchange, triangular trade, increase in slavery and Latin America

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