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Fire Science Program Dutchess Community College Poughkeepsie, NY TGI (Wooden I beam) Test Burn April 4, 2009. 2. Wooden I Beams. Large surface area with little mass. 2 Wood “beams” with OSB acting as web member (TGI)

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Fire Science ProgramDutchess Community CollegePoughkeepsie, NYTGI (Wooden I beam)Test BurnApril 4, 2009

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

2

wooden i beams
Wooden I Beams
  • Large surface area with little mass.
  • 2 Wood “beams” with OSB acting as web member (TGI)
  • OSB-Oriented Stand Board web- Many small pieces of wood held together by combustible glue.
  • Strong until subjected to high heat.

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

our tests stats
OUR TESTS STATS
  • Four 16’ TGI’s,
  • ½ “Plywood roof
  • Supported by two 6 high 2x4 walls with fire side covered by sheetrock.
    • Joints not taped
    • Nails not spackled over
  • Fireload- hay, pallets, 1 couch, 1 stuffed chair, 1 dresser
  • Weight on roof- approximately 300 lbs (water in plastic barrel)

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

side b
Side B

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

side d
Side D

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

some of the dcc fire science students
Some of the DCC Fire Science students

Left-right: Scott Steinebach, Patrick Rose, Erik Swingle Brendan Nugent, Tyler Carlson, Preston Kinzel, Doug Palmesi, Tim Conboy, Sarah Baker, Dominic Boscardin.

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

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1 min. after ignition

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

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2 mins after ignition

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

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3 mins after ignition

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

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4 mins. After ignition

Drum is falling through-roof is failing.

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

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Center two TGI’s have failed (where weight was) and little is left of remaining 2 TGI’s

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

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Note-sheetrock held back fire. Note where fire came through joints that hadn’t been taped and spackled.

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

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After sheetrock was removed, nail was easily removed from wood as heat had conducted to the wood via the nail and pyrolytic decomposition started on the wood, loosening its grip on the nail.Note-nail head had not be spackled over.

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

top of 2x4 stud where fire lapped over sheetrock on the wall
Top of 2x4” stud where fire lapped over sheetrock on the wall

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

char on unprotected wood stud from wall
Char on unprotected wood stud from wall

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

compare the mass wood beam vs tgi wooden i beam
Compare the mass; wood beam vs TGI/wooden I beam

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

test burn observations
Test Burn Observations
  • TGI’s burn quickly
  • High surface area coupled with little mass cause early failure
  • Without weight on them, they can appear to remain in place even with substantial burn time. Application of any weight will cause immediate failure.
  • ** Cases have been reported of carpet holding remnants of I beam in place. Unsuspecting firefighters who fail to continually test floor ahead of them immediately fall through.

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

test notes
TEST NOTES
  • This was not a scientific test, just a “let’s see what happens” event.
  • TGI’s were not protected by sheetrock which they likely would in “real world”, but……….
  • Fireload was:
    • Less than normal (hay and wood pallets possess 1/3 BTU energy of today’s synthetic fireload.
    • Fire area was wide open; heat could readily vent out (escape)
    • Weight (water barrel) was able to fall through when center 2 TGI‘s failed, thus catastrophic floor collapse did not occur. If weight had been distributed, undoubtedly floor would have catastrophically failed, without warning.

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

our thanks go to
Our Thanks Go To:
  • Williams Lumber, Rhinebeck, NY
  • Dutchess County Department of Emergency Response, Poughkeepsie, NY
  • Rhinebeck FD
  • Pleasant Valley FD

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

beware of lightweight construction wooden i beams tgi s trusses
Beware of Lightweight ConstructionWooden I beams (TGI’sTrusses
  • Never operate above or below any truss or wooden I beam (TGI) that is being exposed to heat from a fire

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

the end be safe expect the unexpected
The End-Be SafeExpect the Unexpected

Dutchess Community College Fire Science program

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