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Irregular Verbs. sum, possum, volo , nolo. Regular Verbs reviewed. Regular verbs belong to one of 4 conjugations. The infinitive ending determines which conjugation: -are = 1 st conjugation - ēre = 2 nd conjugation -ere = 3 rd conjugation -ire = 4 th conjugation

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Irregular verbs
Irregular Verbs

sum, possum, volo, nolo


Regular verbs reviewed
Regular Verbs reviewed

  • Regular verbs belong to one of 4 conjugations. The infinitive ending determines which conjugation:

  • -are = 1st conjugation

  • -ēre = 2nd conjugation

  • -ere = 3rd conjugation

  • -ire = 4th conjugation

  • Regular verbs follow a set pattern of rules about how to conjugate them. The rules can be summarized in the following chart.


Irregular verbs1
Irregular Verbs

  • Irregular verbs have infinitives that don’t match the endings of regular verbs. Their present and imperfect tenses need to be memorized.

  • sum, esse, fui, futurus – to be

  • possum, posse, potui – to be able

  • volo, velle, volui – to want

  • nolo, nolle, nolui – to not want


Sum esse fui to be
Sum, esse, fui – to be

  • Present Tense

  • Singular Plural

  • 1st person: sum sumus

  • 2nd person: esestis

  • 3rd person: est sunt

  • Imperfect Tense

  • Singular Plural

  • 1st person erameramus

  • 2nd person eras eratis

  • 3rd person eraterant


Possum posse potui be able
Possum, posse, potui – be able

  • Present Tense

  • Singular Plural

  • 1stperson: possumpossumus

  • 2ndperson: potespotestis

  • 3rdperson: potestpossunt

  • Imperfect Tense

  • Singular Plural

  • 1stperson poterampoteramus

  • 2ndperson poteraspoteratis

  • 3rdperson poteratpoterant


Volo velle volui to want
Volo, velle, volui – to want

  • Present Tense

  • Singular Plural

  • 1st person: volovolumus

  • 2nd person: visvultis

  • 3rd person: vultvolunt

  • Imperfect Tense

  • Singular Plural

  • 1st person volebamvolebamus

  • 2nd person volebasvolebatis

  • 3rd person volebatvolebant


Nolo nolle nolui to not want
Nolo, nolle, nolui – to not want

  • Present Tense

  • Singular Plural

  • 1st person: nolonolumus

  • 2nd person: non visnon vultis

  • 3rd person: non vultnolunt

  • Imperfect Tense

  • Singular Plural

  • 1st person nolebamnolebamus

  • 2nd person nolebasnolebatis

  • 3rd person nolebatnolebant


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