Character development. Through quran and sunnah. Objective. What does it mean to be a human being. Islam is a spiritual training system that supports human beings in harmonizing themselves with the divine order and thus with each other and the natural environment.
Through quran and sunnah
what does the word mean to you?
what are ways to develop character? is there any difference between personality traits and character?
are we born with a character or is it something we aquire from our environment?
The structure of self
Quran describes three kinds of nafs:
1. وَمَا أُبَرِّىءُ نَفْسِي إِنَّ النَّفْسَ لأَمَّارَةٌ بِالسُّوءِ إِلاَّ مَا رَحِمَ رَبِّيَ إِنَّ رَبِّي غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ(12:53) And yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: for, verily, man\'s inner self does incite [him] to evil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace, Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!"
2. وَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالنَّفْسِ اللَّوَّامَةِ (75:2) But nay! I call to witness the accusing voice of man\'s own conscience!
3.يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ (89:27) "O thou human being that hast attained to inner peace!.
Nafsexpereinces insecurities, fears, disappointments, as well as happiness, satisfaction, and peace.
Ruh: Spirit --- It is the spiritual part of the human being, able to access the divine qualities. It is knowing and conscious. Following is what we know about RUH from the Quran.
Qalb: heart –إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ (26:89) only he [will be happy] who comes before God with a heart free of evil!”مَّنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَـٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ (50:33) Who feared ((Allah)) Most Gracious Unseen, and brought a heart turned in devotion (to Him).إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَذِكْرَىٰ لِمَن كَانَ لَهُ قَلْبٌ أَوْ أَلْقَى السَّمْعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ (50:37) Verily in this is a Message for any that has a heart and understanding or who gives ear and earnestly witnesses (the truth). مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ (64:11) No kind of calamity can occur, except by the leave of Allah. and if any one believes in Allah, ((Allah)) guides his heart (aright): for Allah knows all things.Heart is the knowing and feeling capacity. It can be hardened, diseased, or numb. However when its healthy it becomes the meeting place of ‘Nafs’ and ‘Ruh’, through the heart the nafs receives the energy, support, and guidance.