Download

The Development of Aggression and Antisocial Behavior






Advertisement
/ 23 []
Download Presentation
Comments
judah
From:
|  
(1116) |   (0) |   (0)
Views: 74 | Added:
Rate Presentation: 1 0
Description:
The Development of Aggression and Antisocial Behavior. Brian McFarland Stony Brook University November 2004. Overview. Definitions of aggression Types of behavior frequently studied Traditional research questions Research paradigms Moffitt’s (1993) Model.
The Development of Aggression and Antisocial Behavior

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only and may not be sold or licensed nor shared on other sites. SlideServe reserves the right to change this policy at anytime. While downloading, If for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.











- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -




The development of aggression and antisocial behaviorSlide 1

The Development of Aggression and Antisocial Behavior

Brian McFarland

Stony Brook University

November 2004

OverviewSlide 2

Overview

  • Definitions of aggression

  • Types of behavior frequently studied

  • Traditional research questions

  • Research paradigms

  • Moffitt’s (1993) Model

Definitions of aggression coie dodge 1997Slide 3

Definitions of Aggression (Coie & Dodge, 1997)

  • Potential to harm others

  • Intent to harm

  • Subtypes

    • Antecedents vs. outcomes

    • Reactive vs. proactive

    • Hostile/affective vs. instrumental

  • Aggression as a subset of antisocial behavior

Types of behavior frequently studiedSlide 4

Types of Behavior Frequently Studied

  • Infancy/childhood

    • Physical aggression

    • Verbal aggression

    • Bullying

  • Adolescence/adulthood

    • Physical aggression

    • Criminality/delinquency

    • Serious violent offending

    • Harsh parental discipline, physical abuse of spouse/children

Traditional research questionsSlide 5

Traditional Research Questions

  • Normative trends in aggressive behavior

  • Species-wide antecedents/moderators of aggression

  • Gender differences

  • Individual differences in aggressive/antisocial behavior

    • Stability

    • Explanations

    • Consequences

Methodological issuesSlide 6

Methodological Issues

  • Measurement

    • Ratings (parents, teachers, peers, self-reports)

    • Official records

  • Perspectives

    • Sociological/ecological context

    • Social learning

    • Cognitive

    • Neuropsychological deficits (e.g., verbal ability, impulsivity)

  • Study designs

    • Cross-sectional

    • Longitudinal

    • Genetic

Paradox in aggressive antisocial behaviorSlide 7

Paradox in Aggressive/Antisocial Behavior

  • Stability of individual differences

  • Changes in prevalence rates

Prevalence of self-reported serious violent offending. Reproduction of Figure 12.2 in Coie & Dodge (1997, p. 792).

Moffit s 1993 model of antisocial behaviorSlide 8

Moffit’s (1993) Model of Antisocial Behavior

  • Two types of offenders:

    • Life-course-persistent

    • Adolescence-limited

Life course persistent antisocial behavior moffitt 1993Slide 9

Life-Course-Persistent Antisocial Behavior(Moffitt, 1993)

  • Neuropsychological Risk

  • Interaction with social environment

    • Evocative

    • Reactive

    • Proactive

  • Maintenance and Elaboration

    • Cumulative Continuity

    • Contemporary Continuity

    • Narrowing Options for Change

Life course persistent antisocial behavior 1 neuropsychological risk moffitt 1993Slide 10

Life-Course-Persistent Antisocial Behavior: 1. Neuropsychological Risk (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Poor verbal and executive functions

    • Verbal deficits: listening, speaking, reading, writing, problem solving, memory

    • Executive deficits: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity (ADHD)

  • Risk factors

    • Heredity

    • Prenatal: maternal drug use, poor nutrition, toxins

    • Postnatal: toxins, brain injury

Life course persistent antisocial behavior 2 interaction with social environment moffitt 1993Slide 11

Life-Course-Persistent Antisocial Behavior:2. Interaction with Social Environment (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Evocative: difficult children evoke negative reactions from others

  • Parents often have similar deficits

    • Impulsivity

    • Low intelligence

    • Poor educational attainment

    • Low income

The development of aggression and antisocial behaviorSlide 12

Life-Course-Persistent Antisocial Behavior:2. Interaction with Social Environment (Cont’d) (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Reactive: attributions of hostile intent

  • Proactive: preference for antisocial peers

  • Risks are exacerbated

    • Neuropsychological deficits not ameliorated

    • Failure to learn prosocial alternatives

    • Societal consequences of antisocial behavior

Life course persistent antisocial behavior 3 maintenance and elaboration moffitt 1993Slide 13

Life-Course-Persistent Antisocial Behavior: 3. Maintenance and Elaboration (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Cumulative Continuity

  • Contemporary continuity

  • Narrowing options for change

    • Failure to learn prosocial alternatives

    • Societal consequences of antisocial behavior

Adolescence limited antisocial behavior moffitt 1993Slide 14

Adolescence-Limited Antisocial Behavior (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Motivation

  • Mimicry

  • Reinforcement

  • Extinction

Adolescence limited antisocial behavior 1 motivation moffitt 1993Slide 15

Adolescence-Limited Antisocial Behavior: 1. Motivation (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Maturity gap

    • Physical maturity occurs earlier

    • Social maturity occurs later

  • Role vacuum

Adolescence limited antisocial behavior 2 mimicry moffitt 1993Slide 16

Adolescence-Limited Antisocial Behavior: 2. Mimicry (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Antisocial peers have mature status

    • Possessions

    • Sexual experience

    • Autonomy

    • Social consequences

Adolescence limited antisocial behavior 3 reinforcement moffitt 1993Slide 17

Adolescence-Limited Antisocial Behavior:3. Reinforcement (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Social learning

    • Imitation ≠ Friendship

  • “Negative” consequences

    • Independence

Adolescence limited antisocial behavior 4 extinction moffitt 1993Slide 18

Adolescence-Limited Antisocial Behavior:4. Extinction (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Waning motivation

  • Shifting contingencies

  • Options for change

Summary of life trajectories moffitt 1993Slide 19

Summary of Life Trajectories (Moffitt, 1993)

Predictions of moffitt s 1993 modelSlide 20

Predictions of Moffitt’s (1993)Model

  • Epidemiology

  • Differential correlates

  • Types of offenses

  • Desistence

What develops moffitt 1993Slide 21

What Develops? (Moffitt, 1993)

  • Life-course-persistent (psychopathology)

    • Verbal & executive deficits

    • Interpersonal skills, behavioral repertoires

    • Societal consequences

  • Adolescence-limited (normative)

    • Maturity gap

    • Attractiveness of antisocial models

    • Societal consequences

ReferencesSlide 22

References

  • Coie, J.D., & Dodge, K.A. (1997). Aggression and antisocial behavior. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Social, Emotional, and Personality Development, Volume 3, Handbook of Child Psychology, 5th Edition. (pp. 779-862): Wiley.

  • Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674-701.

In class reviewersSlide 23

In-Class Reviewers

  • Melissa Ramsay

  • Kate Stroud


Copyright © 2014 SlideServe. All rights reserved | Powered By DigitalOfficePro