Role of municipal courts in municipalities and in the judicial system
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Role of Municipal Courts in Municipalities and in the Judicial System. 917 municipal courts Approximately 1,500 municipal judges. 7,561,659 cases 4,902 jury trials 2.75 million arrest warrants . 9,529 search warrants 39% of the entire state’s judiciary

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Municipal courts

917 municipal courts Judicial System

Approximately 1,500 municipal judges.

7,561,659 cases

4,902 jury trials

2.75 million arrest warrants

9,529 search warrants

39% of the entire state’s judiciary

Handles more defendants and other participants than all other courts

Municipal Courts


Authority
Authority Judicial System

  • Created by Federal and State Constitutions

  • Authorized by State Law

  • Enacted by Local Ordinance or Charter

  • U.S. Constitution creates Right to Impartial Judge

  • Separation of Powers requires Judicial Independence


Jurisdiction
Jurisdiction Judicial System

  • Concurrent with JP for all State Fine-Only Criminal Offenses

  • Exclusive for all Fine-Only Municipal Ordinances


Prosecutors

45.201, CCP Judicial System

City Attorney

Deputy City Attorney

County Attorney may Volunteer

To see that Justice is Done

Role:

File

Plea Bargain

Dismiss

Trial Presentation

Advise Police

Prosecutors


Judges role
Judges Role Judicial System

  • Judicial Duties

  • Administrative Duties

  • Magistrate Duties


Judicial duties

Accepting Pleas Judicial System

Making and Rendering Judgments

Setting Fines

Decisions of Law

Ruling on Objections

Setting or Forfeiting Bail

Granting or Denying Motions,

Granting and Revoking Deferred Disposition

Fine Collection

Judicial Duties


Administrative duties
Administrative Duties Judicial System

  • With Court Clerks

  • Management of Dockets

  • Financial Reports

  • Guiding the Operation of the Court


Magistrate duties

Preserve the peace within their jurisdictions by the use of all lawful means; to issue all process intended to aid in preventing and suppressing crime; to cause the arrest of offenders by the use of lawful means in order that they may be brought to punishment.

Fair determination of whether probable cause exists in order to empower police to make searches, arrest, hold persons in custody, or limit defendant’s conduct while on bond.

Magistrate Duties


Municipal judges
Municipal Judges… all lawful means; to issue all process intended to aid in preventing and suppressing crime; to cause the arrest of offenders by the use of lawful means in order that they may be brought to punishment.

  • Represent the Municipality

  • Represent Judicial System

  • Provide for Quality of Life

  • Serve as a Buffer Between Citizens and Police


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