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環境荷爾蒙專題 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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海洋教育. 環境荷爾蒙專題. 楊仁理 國立臺灣大學海洋學博士 教育局永續環境教育科輔導員 文化大學生命科學系兼任助理教授. ICC 國際淨灘. 全球每年生產塑膠製品 3000 億磅 塑膠分解時間約 100 年 地中海每立方公尺海水包含 33 種垃圾 每年 100萬 隻海鳥因垃圾而死 80% 海洋垃圾來自陸地. 居住在 2000-2500 米的深海裡. 塑膠袋 垃圾. 生活在三、四千公尺黑漆漆的深海中。. 除了塑膠垃圾 ~ 還是塑膠垃圾 !!. 一 . 何謂海洋污染 ?

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5931162


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ICC


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3000

100

33

100

80%


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2000-2500


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~!!


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. ?

, , ,


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.

1. Sewage

2.

3. Toxic pollutants

4. Marine debris

5. Radioactive waste

6. Petroleum pollution

7. Thermal pollution

8.


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  • .

  • Sewage


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.

2.

a. , (eutrophication)

b.

c.


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.

2. ~

alkylphenols


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.

2.

d.

(1) (particulate material)

(2) (dissolved nutrients)


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! &

~


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~ Carlsen (1992) British Medical J.45%1940199025%


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EDCs

Sertoli cell~Leydig cell


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EDCs

Sertoli cell~~

Leydig cell~~


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EDCs

pituitaryFSHtiming


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EDCs

1970Boston Vincent Memorial Hospital Dr. Herbst 37adenocarcinomaclear cell cancer


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EDCs


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EDCs

1950-80600DESDESDESdiethylstilboestrolDES


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EDCs


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EDCs

6


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Lake apopka penis 1990s

LAKE APOPKAPENIS(1990s)

Apopka

(< 75%)

(<1/2 ~ 2/3)

(> 2)(< 1/3)

DDT (DDE, DDD, and Cl - DDT)


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1980Eleven Mile Creek~


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-

Carcinogen Reproduction Growth


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1991 Racine-Wingspread meeting ~ Theo Colborn


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~


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()

-


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.

3. Toxic pollutants

DDTDioxinsPCBs

a. (anti-fouling paints)

TBT


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B.S. Smithimposextributyltin


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TBT

PU

5

0.25ppb


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TBT

()

tributyl tin(TBT)

IMPOSEX


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.

3. Toxic pollutants

b. (pesticides)

1940-198235019824350160019898.8


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.

3. Toxic pollutants

b. (pesticides)

(biological magnification) 0.00001ppmDDT7.0 ppm 70,000

1972DDT


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DDTpenis

penis


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DDT

DDT Dichloro-Dipheny-Trichloroethane

--

DDT

1874

1939 (Paul Muller)

1940

1948 Paul Muller


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DDT

Mickey SlimDDTDDT

1962DDT

DDT100DDT1968DDT2


Ddt gets praise from an advertisement in the 1947 issue of time

DDT gets praise from an advertisement in the 1947, issue of Time.

DDT gets praise from an advertisement in the 1947, issue of Time.


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.

3. Toxic pollutants

c.

(1)(CFCs)


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.

3. Toxic pollutants

c.

(2)(PCB)

10ppbPCB

PCB

PCB


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.

3. Toxic pollutants

c.

(2)(PCB)


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(PCB)

191929SWAN1935 SWANMONSANTO198040PCB


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306070DDT80~


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(PCB)

David Crewsturtle262630PCB label26turtlePCB344-hydroxybiphenolsmix20


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(PCB)

1979


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.

3. Toxic pollutants

c.

(3)Dioxins


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  • (Hideshige Takada Tokyo University,2001)


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    .

    3. Toxic pollutants

    d.

    (3)

    Minamata Bay

    1938 - acetaldehyde

    1953 -

    1956 --

    1968 --

    1969 --


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    .

    4. Marine debris ~

    (1)

    (2)


    Marine debris

    Marine debris ~


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    (Trash Vortex)


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    • ()

    • Find from Global transport of POPs

    • Global distillation model


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    .

    5. Radioactive waste


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    .

    6.

    1989Exxon Valdez

    26,0003

    20


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    .

    6.

    (1)

    (i) Torry Canyon1967 70

    90%

    (ii) Exxon Valdez1989

    1100

    1,1003

    900100

    12


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    .

    6.

    (2) (acute effect)

    (chronic effect)


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    .

    6.

    (3)

    ;

    ()


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    .

    7. Thermal pollution

    (

    ) ()


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    .

    8.

    (1)

    (2)

    (3) ,

    (4)

    (5)


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    MILE STONE

    • ReduceRecycleReuse


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    Thanks for your attention

    E-mail: [email protected]


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