Mental Health and Illness. An Epidemiological Perspective. Mental Health-Everybody’s Business. Peter Sims Professor of Public Health medicine University of Papua New Guinea <[email protected]>. Teaching and Learning Aims.
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An Epidemiological Perspective
in Western Europe and North America will have a
significant mental illness during their lifetime
Mental illness can affect any one of us
Mental illness occurs in all societies and cultures
Arrow of Time
IQ = 100
I.Q. = the Mental Age x 100 the Chronological age
The Classification of Mental Illness:The NeurosesDepression, Anxiety, Mania, Obsessions and compulsions(usually the patient retains insight and orientation; they experience deep distress and may commit suicide)The PsychosesSchizophrenia, puerperal psychosis(the patient is disorientated, deluded, and lacking in insight)The DementiasProgressive deterioration with loss of recent memory and deterioration of a normal personality,They may be primary or more commonly secondary to another condition e.g. alcohol, stroke
Addictive drugs, (Heroin, Cocaine, Amphetamines,) alcohol and drug related illness-psychosis, delirium and dementia
A personality and behaviour that is damaging to the individual and/or to society and which is not tolerated by the dominant culture
Mental subnormality/learning disorders:
Problems around intelligence and ability to learn on the basis of teaching and experience
Inheritance-Genetics/Intra-uterine environment Schizophrenia,Huntington’s
Compulsory Psychiatric Treatment
Power of attorney
The mind of a young child in the body of an adult
Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow,
Raze out the written troubles of the brain,
And with some sweet oblivious antidote
Cleanse the stuff’d bosom of that perilous stuff
Which weighs upon the heart?