L 4 grammar
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L. 4 Grammar. A wa B ga Verb. A wa B ga Verb. Remember??. (person) WA (thing) GA Wakarimasu. (person) WA (thing) GA dekimasu. (person) WA (thing) GA irimasu. (person) WA (Inanimate object/ event) GA Arimasu. (person) WA (People/animal) GA Imasu.

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L. 4 Grammar

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L 4 grammar

L. 4 Grammar


A wa b ga verb

A wa B ga Verb


A wa b ga verb1

A wa B ga Verb


Remember

Remember??


Person wa thing ga wakarimasu

(person) WA (thing) GA Wakarimasu.


Person wa thing ga dekimasu

(person) WA (thing) GA dekimasu.


Person wa thing ga irimasu

(person) WA (thing) GA irimasu.


Person wa inanimate object event ga arimasu person wa people animal ga imasu

(person) WA (Inanimate object/ event) GA Arimasu. (person) WA (People/animal) GA Imasu.


Negative statement a wa b wa ga verb masen

Negative StatementA wa B wa/ga (Verb)-masen.


Person wa thing wa ga deki masen wakari masen iri masen

(person) WA (thing) WA/GA Dekimasen/ Wakarimasen. Irimasen.


Person wa thing wa ga arimasen imasen

(person) WA (thing) WA/GA Arimasen/ Imasen.


Yes no questions

Yes/No questions


Affirmative answers

Affirmative Answers


Negative answers

Negative Answers


Q thing wa ga verb masu ka a hai verb masu iie verb masen

Q: (thing) WA/GA (verb)-masu ka.A: Hai, (verb)-masu./ Iie, (verb)-masen.


Questions what

Questions –What?


Questions who

Questions –Who?


Question answer

Question-Answer


What would be an appropriate question for each of the following answers

What would be an appropriate question for each of the following answers?

  • Furansugo ga wakarimasu.

  • Nihon no kuruma desu.

  • Inu ga imasu.

  • Tanaka-san ga irimasu ka.

  • Keizai desu.

  • Terebi geemu desu.

  • Haha no hon desu.

  • Tenisu ga dekimasu.


Particle wa contrast

Particle WA  Contrast

  • Supeingo WA wakarimasu kedo, Furansugo WA wakarimasen.

  • Miruku WA arimasu kedo, satoo WA arimasen.

  • Tenisu WA dekimasen. (but, I can play other kinds of sports.)

  • Okane WA irimasen. (but, I need other things.)


A wa b ga arimasu imasu

A wa B ga # Arimasu/ Imasu


A wa b ga arimasu imasu1

A wa B ga # Arimasu/ Imasu


Particle mo

Particle MO


A wa b mo verb

A wa B MO Verb


A mo b ga verb

A MO B ga Verb


Ko so a do

Ko-So-A-DO


Kore wa nan desu ka what is this

Kore wa nan desu ka. (What is this?)

?


Sore wa nan desu ka what is that one close to you

Sore wa nan desu ka. (What is thatone close to you?)

?


Are wa nan desu ka what is that one over there

Are wa nan desu ka. (What is that one over there?)

?


Kore sore

Kore-Sore

  • Q: Sore wa nan desu ka.

  • A: Kore wa pen desu.

?


Kore sore1

Kore-Sore

Q: Kore wa nan desu ka.

A: Sore wa pen desu.

?


L 4 grammar

Dore??


L 4 grammar

Dore??


L 4 grammar

Dore??


L 4 grammar

Dore??


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