Learning style and intelligence
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Learning Style and Intelligence. Chapter 3. What is learning style?. Your learning style is your learning preference. How do you like to learn?. Knowing about Your Learning Style Helps You to:. Be more productive Increase achievement Be more creative Improve problem solving

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Learning style and intelligence

Learning Style and Intelligence

Chapter 3


What is learning style

What is learning style?


Your learning style is your learning preference how do you like to learn

Your learning style is your learning preference.How do you like tolearn?


Knowing about your learning style helps you to

Knowing about Your Learning Style Helps You to:

  • Be more productive

  • Increase achievement

  • Be more creative

  • Improve problem solving

  • Make better decisions

  • Learn more effectively


Learning style

Learning Style

  • Visual

  • Auditory

  • Kinesthetic/Tactile


Learning style memory exercise

Learning Style Memory Exercise

  • 15 items will be passed around. Can you remember them?


How did you remember the items

How did you remember the items?

  • Did you remember what you could see, feel, hear or touch?

  • What is your strongest preference?


Learning style exercise the paper airplane

Learning Style Exercise: The Paper Airplane


What worked best for you

What worked best for you?

  • Auditory

  • Visual

  • Or kinesthetic?


Visual learners

Visual Learners

  • Learn through seeing and reading

  • Prefer written directions

  • Often good readers


Visual learners learn best with

Visual Learners Learn Best With:

  • pictures

  • illustrations

  • photos

  • graphs

  • diagrams

  • maps


Visual learning techniques

Visual Learning Techniques

  • Mental photograph or video

  • Flash cards

  • Highlighting

  • Draw pictures to remember

  • Use pictures or symbols in the margin to remember

  • Draw a map or outline


Auditory learners

Auditory Learners

  • Learn through listening and talking

  • Remember what they hear better than what they see


Auditory learners1

Auditory Learners:

  • Prefer to listen to instructions

  • Often like to talk on the phone or listen to music

  • Learn best if they can hear and see the assignment


Auditory learning techniques

Auditory Learning Techniques

  • Discuss what you have learned with others

  • Participate in study groups

  • Recite aloud

  • Teach others what you have learned

  • Use flash cards and say the items

  • Use music in the background if it does not distract you or use it as a break from studying


Kinesthetic tactile learners

Kinesthetic/Tactile Learners

  • Learn through doing

  • Remember hands on activities

  • Use their hands to build, create, plant, draw or decorate


Kinesthetic tactile learners1

Kinesthetic/Tactile Learners:

  • Learn the assignment best by using physical activity


Kinesthetic tactile learning techniques

Kinesthetic/Tactile Learning Techniques

  • Read while walking or pacing

  • Study outside when practical

  • Take notes on lectures

  • Highlight or underline

  • Write summaries

  • Outline chapters

  • Think of practical applications


Activity complete the learning style quiz in the textbook

Activity: Complete the Learning Style Quiz in the Textbook


Brainstorm learning techniques

Brainstorm: Learning Techniques

  • Four groups:

    • Auditory

    • Visual

    • Tactile/kinesthetic

    • Combination types

  • What learning techniques match these preferences? Write them on the board.


Productivity environmental preference survey peps

Productivity Environmental Preference Survey (PEPS)

  • Elements of learning style

    • Environmental

    • Emotional

    • Sociological

    • Physical


Environmental

Environmental

  • Sound

  • Light

  • Temperature

  • Design (formal or informal)


Emotional

Emotional

  • Motivation

  • Persistence

  • Responsibility

  • Structure


Sociological

Alone/peer

Authority figures present

Several ways

Sociological


Physical

Physical

  • Auditory

  • Visual

  • Tactile

  • Kinesthetic

  • Intake

  • Evening/morning

  • Late morning

  • Afternoon

  • Mobility


Written exercise

Written Exercise

  • Understanding your Peps Learning Style Inventory

  • What is your ideal environment for learning?


Your personality and your learning style

Your Personality and Your Learning Style


For review what is your personality type

For review, what is your personality type?

  • Extravert or Introvert?

  • Sensing or Intuitive?

  • Thinking or Feeling?

  • Judging or Perceptive?


Extraverts

Extraverts

  • Learn best when in action

  • Value physical activity

  • Like to study with others


Extravert

Extravert

  • Learn by talking.

  • Discuss what you have learned with others.

  • Like variety and action. Take frequent breaks and do something active.


Caution

Caution!

  • Extraverts can get so distracted by activity and socialization that the studying does not get done.


Introverts

Introverts

  • Learn best by pausing to think

  • Value reading

  • Prefer to study individually

  • Need quiet for concentration


Introvert

Introvert

  • Find a quiet place to study by yourself.

  • Plan to study for longer periods of time so you can concentrate.

  • Find places with minimal distractions such as the library.

  • Turn off the phone.


Caution1

Caution!

  • This type may miss out on sharing ideas with others and the fun and social life of college.


Sensing

Sensing

  • Seeks specific information

  • Memorizes facts

  • Values what is practical

  • Follows instructions

  • Likes hands-on experience

  • Wants clear assignments


Sensing1

Sensing

  • Good at mastering facts and details.

  • Think about practical applications to motivate yourself.

  • Ask, “How can I use this.”


I n tuitive

INtuitive

  • Seeks quick insights

  • Uses imagination to go beyond the facts

  • Values what is original

  • Likes theories

  • Reads between the lines

  • Independent thinkers


I n tuitive1

INtuitive

  • Good at learning concepts and theories

  • Ask yourself, “What is the main point?”


Caution2

Caution!

  • Since this type focuses on general concepts and theories, they are likely to miss the details and facts. To learn the details, organize them into broad categories that have meaning for you.


Thinking

Thinking

  • Wants objective material to study

  • Logic guides learning

  • Likes to critique new ideas

  • Finds flaws in an argument

  • Learns by challenge and debate

  • Wants logical presentations


Thinking1

Thinking

  • Thinking types are good at logic.

  • Ask yourself, “What do I think of these ideas?”

  • Debate or discuss your ideas with others.

  • Allow time to think and reflect on your studies.


Feeling

Feeling

  • Wants to be able to relate to the material personally

  • Personal values are important

  • Likes to please instructors

  • Learns by being supported and appreciated

  • Wants faculty who establish personal rapport with students


Feeling1

Feeling

  • Search for personal meaning to motivate yourself.

  • Help others to learn.

  • Whenever possible, choose classes that relate to your personal interests.

  • Find a comfortable environment for learning.


Judging

Judging

  • Find ways to organize the material to learn it easier.

  • If possible, select instructors who present material in an organized way.

  • Set goals and use a schedule to motivate yourself.

  • Use a daily planner or to-do list.


Caution3

Caution!

  • This type tends to be structured and controlled which can limit creativity.

  • They may be in conflict with others who are less organized.

  • They may be overachievers who get stressed easily.


Perceptive

Perceptive

  • Good at looking at the possibilities and keeping the options open.

  • Allow time to be thorough and complete your work.

  • Have fun while learning.

  • Study in groups with a mixture of perceptive and judging types.


Learning style and intelligence

Personality

ANOTHER LOOK


Use 2 letters

USE 2 LETTERS

S J

I S F J


Are you

ARE YOU:

NT

SP

SJ

NF

?


Group activity divide into 4 groups

Group Activity: Divide into 4 GROUPS

  • SJ NT

  • SP NF


Learning style and intelligence

Group Activity: Make a list of adjectives that describe your favorite teacher. Have the recorder write your responses on the board.


Here are some typical responses are yours similar

Here are some typical responses. Are yours similar?


Learning style and intelligence

SJ


Learning style and intelligence

SJ

  • ResponsibleDependable

  • FairPractical

  • Role model Prepared

  • DedicatedIn Control

  • ExperiencedOrganized

  • Take ChargeStep by step

  • SpecificPrecise

  • To the Point Rewards for Good Work


Learning style and intelligence

SP


Learning style and intelligence

SP

  • UnpredictableLaid Back

  • OpportunitiesExploration

  • Fun!Entertaining

  • Sense of HumorFlexible

  • InterestingVariety

  • On the Go Patient

  • Different Perspectives Try New Things


Learning style and intelligence

NF


Learning style and intelligence

NF

  • OpenCreative

  • CalmHonest

  • EmpathicPersonal

  • MentorTutor

  • CompassionateEnabler

  • Tolerant Helpful

  • Role ModelSupportive


Learning style and intelligence

NT


Learning style and intelligence

NT

  • KnowledgeableClear

  • Logical ThinkingCreative

  • CompetentFreedom

  • AnalyticalInquisitive

  • Problem SolvingPrecise

  • Lab ExperiencesPraises Ingenuity

  • ChallengingThorough

  • AuthoritativeIntelligent


What if your personality does not match the teacher s personality

What if your personality does not match the teacher’s personality?


Choose a different teacher

Choose a different teacher.


What else

What else?

  • Adapt

  • Tolerate

  • Appreciate

  • Understand

  • Communicate


Group activity adapting to different teaching styles

Group Activity: Adapting to Different Teaching Styles


Free write

Free Write

  • Describe your learning style.

  • How does your personality affect your learning style?

  • How does learning style affect career choice? For example, if you are a judging type who is good at details and organization, what career would match this type?


Multiple intelligences

Multiple Intelligences


Multiple intelligences1

Multiple Intelligences

  • Developed by Howard Gardner

  • Defined as the human ability to solve problems or design or compose things valued in at least one culture

  • Broadens the scope of human potential


Learning style1

Learning Style

  • Intelligences put to work

  • Measured by your performance

  • You can develop these areas and become competent in each one


Multiple intelligences2

MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES

  • Verbal/Linguistic

  • Logical-Mathematical

  • Musical/Rhythmic

  • Visual/Spatial

  • Bodily/Kinesthetic

  • Intrapersonal

  • Interpersonal

  • Naturalist


Your textbook provides an opportunity to explore your multiple intelligences

Your textbook provides an opportunity to explore your multiple intelligences.


These intelligences work together in complex ways to make us unique individuals

These intelligences work together in complex ways to make us unique individuals.


Textbook activity learning style applications

Textbook Activity:Learning Style Applications


Keys to success create your success

Keys to Success:Create Your Success


Some examples

Some Examples:

  • Victor Frankl, concentration camp survivor and author of Man’s Search for Meaning

  • Cristopher Reeve


Create your success

Create Your Success

  • We make decisions and choices that create the future.

  • Our behavior leads to our success or failure.


Sometimes we blame others

Sometimes we blame others

  • My parents did it to me.

  • My teacher gave me a poor grade.

  • My boss gave me a poor evaluation.


When we take responsibility for our actions we create our success

When we take responsibility for our actions, we create our success.


Ask these questions

Ask these questions:

  • How did I create this situation?

  • How can I make the best of it?

  • What can I do about it now?

  • If I didn’t create it, how do I choose to react to it?


Caution4

Caution!

  • Sometimes you do not create it all.

  • You can still choose your attitude and reaction to what has happened.


Steven covey

Steven Covey

  • Author of Seven Habits of Highly Effective People.

  • Chooses to use the word: response-ability

  • Suggests that we use resourcefulness and initiative to create the future we want


5 minute quick write create your success

5 Minute Quick Write Create Your Success


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