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Impact of Cold War. Election of 1948. I had to put this in since I do not think we talked about it. So here it is: Impact in General. Impact of Cold War: A global issue Powerful effects on our economy, politics, and culture. Military.

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election of 1948
Election of 1948

I had to put this in since I do not think we talked about it. So here it is:

impact in general
Impact in General
  • Impact of Cold War:
    • A global issue
    • Powerful effects on our economy, politics, and culture
  • Military implications:
    • Peacetime draft
    • Done to meet military commitments associated with the Cold War
      • Areas we occupied in Axis areas
      • Missile deployment operations in Europe
      • Counterinsurgency forced in Third World
  • Military spending increased:
  • Between 1900-1930, military spending was less than 1% of GDP
  • By 1961, that number was 10% (chart, p. 807)
  • Arms Race!
  • Affected all Americans with a climate of fear and uncertainty
  • Bomb shelters, civil defense drills, atomic research testing
  • Concern over radioactivity of above ground tests, later found to be a health issue
  • Very expensive which bothered Ike who wanted a balanced budget
  • 1960: Ike tried to negotiate an arms limitation agreement with the Soviets
  • May 5, 1960: Soviets shot down an American U-2 spy plane over their territory and captured and imprisoned its pilot
  • Ike later admitted he authorized the mission and others like it, and therefore his chance to negotiate an arms agreement was gone
  • 1960: became its own democracy
  • Federal funds overwrote 90% of the cost of research on aviation and space
  • Subsidized the scientific, auto, and electronics industries
  • This allowed for rapid creation of products
  • Created a strong defense industry
  • Boeing, Lockheed were examples of companies that did its work almost exclusively with the Pentagon
  • People owed their jobs to this buildup, and many areas of the US received a lot of money (especially in the south and west)
final thoughts
Final thoughts
  • Drawback: little money was spent on domestic needs due to amount going to military
  • Ike’s last speech: warned of a “military-industrial complex”
  • Its influence “is felt in every city, every statehouse, every office of the federal government”
  • “guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex”
  • “never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes”