PERSONALITY THEORIES. Personality Theories. BEHAVIORISTS (Skinner) PSYCHOANALYTIC (Freud, Neo-Freudians, Psychodynamic) SOCIAL COGNITIVE (Bandura, Mischel, Seligman) HUMANISTIC (Rogers, Maslow) BIOLOGICAL (Eysenck) TRIAT (Allport, Catrell, Sheldon). Skinner.
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Bobo doll experiment
*Often considered the father of the cognitive movement
General Personality Information
- Moral Principle
below the surface
“the mind is like an iceburg - mostly hidden”
small part above surface
thoughts & passions to
Dreams & Slips
The work we choose
The beliefs we hold
Slips of the tongue
Goal – to tap into the unconscious.
Projective Tests – user tells a story or gives a description based on an ambiguous stimulus.
Neo - Freudians
Accepted Freud’s basic ideas:
The self actualized person
A growth promoting climate:
Positive self concept occurs when
IDEAL self = ACTUAL self
People with higher
Bandura = process of interacting with our environment
1. Different people choose different environments
2. Different people interpret & react differently to situations & events.
3. Our personalities create situations to which we react. Ex – self fulfilling prophesy, expectations.
Describes Personality based on:
Myers – Briggs Test - Based on Jung’s personality types:
1. Hypochondriasis6. Schizophrenia
2. Depression7. Hypomania
3. Social Introversion8. Hysteria
4. Psychopathic Deviancy9. Paranoia
4. Masculinity/Femininity10. Psychasthenia
Trait Perspective actually attempts to predict AVERAGE behavior over many situations to determine personality.