PERSONALITY THEORIES. Personality Theories. BEHAVIORISTS (Skinner) PSYCHOANALYTIC (Freud, Neo-Freudians, Psychodynamic) SOCIAL COGNITIVE (Bandura, Mischel, Seligman) HUMANISTIC (Rogers, Maslow) BIOLOGICAL (Eysenck) TRIAT (Allport, Catrell, Sheldon). Skinner.
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Bobo doll experiment
*Often considered the father of the cognitive movement
TAT (Murray)Personality tests
Elements expulsive (messy, unorganized) or anal retentive (controlled compulsively neat) personality
Super expulsive (messy, unorganized) or anal retentive (controlled compulsively neat) personality
IdTHE ICEBERG CORRELATION
- Moral Principle
Unconscious expulsive (messy, unorganized) or anal retentive (controlled compulsively neat) personality
below the surface
wishes, memories)THE ICEBERG CORRELATION
“the mind is like an iceburg - mostly hidden”
small part above surface
thoughts & passions to
Dreams & Slips
The work we choose expulsive (messy, unorganized) or anal retentive (controlled compulsively neat) personality
The beliefs we hold
Slips of the tongue
AccidentsExpressions of the Unconscious
Psychoanalysis and expulsive (messy, unorganized) or anal retentive (controlled compulsively neat) personality
Goal – to tap into the unconscious.
Projective Tests – user tells a story or gives a description based on an ambiguous stimulus.
Accepted Freud’s basic ideas:
The self actualized person
A growth promoting climate:
Positive self concept occurs when
IDEAL self = ACTUAL self
People with higher
Bandura = process of interacting with our environment
1. Different people choose different environments
2. Different people interpret & react differently to situations & events.
3. Our personalities create situations to which we react. Ex – self fulfilling prophesy, expectations.
Describes Personality based on:
Myers – Briggs Test - Based on Jung’s personality types:
1. Hypochondriasis 6. Schizophrenia
2. Depression 7. Hypomania
3. Social Introversion 8. Hysteria
4. Psychopathic Deviancy 9. Paranoia
4. Masculinity/Femininity 10. Psychasthenia
Trait Perspective actually attempts to predict AVERAGE behavior over many situations to determine personality.