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Journalism 2300: News Photography. Week Four February 18, 2013. W ords matter!. And more!. Upcoming major assignments. Major Assignment I: Features Photograph * Due TODAY Major Assignment II: Portraits/Personality * Due 6 pm on Monday, March 4 Major Assignment III : Winter Events

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Journalism 2300 news photography

Journalism 2300:News Photography

Week Four

February 18, 2013

W ords matter
Words matter!

Upcoming major assignments
Upcoming major assignments

  • Major Assignment I: Features Photograph

    * Due TODAY

  • Major Assignment II: Portraits/Personality

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, March 4

  • Major Assignment III: Winter Events

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, March 25

  • Major Assignment IV: Sports

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, April 1

  • Major Assignment V: Weather

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, April 8

  • Major Assignment VI: Spot News

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, April 15

Extra credit
Extra Credit

  • Photojournalist Profile: Due March 25

The week in pictures
The week in pictures

  • MSNBC:


  • Duluth News Tribune


Let s look at your photos
Let’s look at your photos

  • Overall excellent variety of shots!

  • Some of you had tough lighting to overcome

  • Learning more about exposure and compensating for poor light

  • Bracket, bracket, bracket!

  • Need to answer 5Ws and H in caption

  • Get familiar with Associated Press Stylebook!

Need to share all of your photos in your picasa album
Need to share ALL of your photos in your Picasa album

  • Contact sheet of photos

  • Shows me that you have taken a variety of photographs from different angles, with different exposures

Let s practice cropping
Let’s practice cropping

  • Go to Photo #6 and download

Let s look at all of the photos
Let’s look at all of the photos:

  • Most artistic

  • Best fulfills the assignment

  • Strongest caption

Equivalent f stops shutter speed
Equivalent f-stops/shutter speed

It's a simple 1:1 relationship.One f-stop change = one shutter speed change.

Exposure concepts
Exposure concepts

Shutter speeds
Shutter speeds


Macro photography closeups
Macro photography=Closeups

How to hold your camera
How to hold your camera


Expressions of motion
Expressions of motion


What s a caption see page 150
What’s a caption? See page 150

  • Who:

    • Need names or detailed description

    • Need last names

  • What:

    • What’s happening in photo

  • When:

    • Time element important

      • Day of week, time of day

  • Where:

    • Location

  • Why:

    • Importance of shot

  • How:

    • Explanations as needed

Chapter 7 photo editing
Chapter 7: Photo Editing

  • Eye-Trac Research:

    • ¾ of a second spent looking at a photograph!

  • Imaginative Assignments

    • Go beyond the news release

    • Nursing home example

  • Select the strongest photographer

    • Look at other photographers’ work for ideas

What does it take to be a photo editor
What does it take to be a photo editor?

  • Research, research, research!

  • Camera skills not necessary

  • Day in Pictures:

    • San Francisco Chronicle Web site


Photo selection strategies
Photo-selection strategies

  • Tough to be own photo editor

    • Too close to subject

  • Washington Post Hierarchy: P. 130

    • Informational

    • Graphic

    • Emotional

    • Intimate

  • Combine categories for strong images

What readers don t see
What readers don’t see

  • Whole population segments often ignored

  • Inciting violence or informing the public?

What do readers prefer
What do readers prefer?

  • Not easily defined

  • Liking photo different than being interested

  • Victim photos

Chapter 6 sports
Chapter 6: Sports

  • Concentration the key

    • Easy to get distracted!

    • Anticipate the action

  • Timeliness important

    • Old news = no news

    • Important to get background information on sport you’re covering

Barry bonds brad mangin si
Barry Bonds: Brad Mangin, SI


Summarize game in one photo
Summarize game in one photo

  • Stay until the end of the game

  • Summary shot might not be action shot

  • Crowd reaction

  • Coach reaction

  • Thrill of victory, agony of defeat…

Need complete caption information
Need complete caption information

  • Must know names of athletes photographed

  • Editing nightmare: having excellent action shot, but no name

  • Take a photograph of the game roster

    • To get names with the numbers

Sports as features
Sports as features

  • Entertainment factor

  • Look in the stands for photos that capture flavor of the event

Sports photography techniques
Sports photography techniques

  • Freezing action

    • Shutter speed of at least 1/500 second for action sports

    • Let’s look at your cameras!

    • Speed of subject: sprinter vs. jogger

      - Coming straight at you, or on side

    • Distance

      - The closer that the camera is to moving subject, faster the shutter speed

Shutter: 1/200

Aperture: f/5.20

Focal length: 115

ISO 50 No flash

ISO 800

Shutter: 1/250 second

Aperture: f/5.60

No flash Focal length 300

ISO: 800

Shutter: 1/180 second

Aperture: f/5.6

Focal length: 105 No flash

ISO: 400

Shutter: 1/750

Aperture: f/4.80

Focal length: 129 No flash

ISO: 400

Shutter: 1/1000 second

Aperture: f/4.50

Focal length: 120 No flash

ISO: 800

Shutter: 1/350 second

Aperture: f/4.80

Focal length: 82 No flash

ISO: 400

Shutter: 1/500 second

Aperture: f/5.60

Focal length: 105 No flash

Shutter: 1/50 second

Aperture: f/5.60

Focal length: 82

No flash

Shutter: 1/60

Aperture: f/4.20

Focal length: 78

No flash

Peak action
Peak action

  • Look for momentary pause in action

  • Shutter: 1/100 second

  • Aperture: f/4.80

  • Focal length: 255 No flash


  • Slow shutter speed, move camera to follow the action

  • Try: Shutter of 1/15, small aperture

  • Background will blur

ISO: 200

Shutter: 1/15 second

Aperture: f/22

No flash Focal length: 48 mm

Getting sharp images
Getting sharp images

  • Bracket! Need a lot of exposures to get sharp sports images

  • Use autofocus

  • Select the autofocus point to capture the action

    • Center usually safest

Bag of solutions
Bag of solutions

  • DSLR Tips:

    • Use a long telephoto

    • Teleconverter

    • Zoom lenzes

    • Monopod/tripod

    • Rain gear

    • Wireless remotes

Sports tips for dslr
Sports tips for DSLR

Reaction time
Reaction Time

  • Anticipating the action

    • If wait until crack of bat, you’re too late

  • Press the shutter release halfway down

Basketball strategies
Basketball strategies

  • Stake a position

    • Don’t try to cover entire court

  • No flash!

  • Watch the key players, then anticipate where they will be on the court

  • Look for emotional shot

  • Difficult to stop action, but keep trying!

  • How Sports Illustrated works: p. 123

Hockey tips
Hockey tips

  • Lighting a challenge indoors

  • Focus on key player, follow them

  • Focus on the puck – tough to follow!

  • Prefocus on an area in front of the goal and wait!

  • Avoid going behind goal – will just see goalie’s head

  • Move around for different angles

  • With DSLR, shoot through the glass

Shutter: 1/60 second

Aperture: f/4.20

Focal length: 168 No flash

Shutter: 1/60 second

Aperture: f/4.20

Focal length: 105 No flash

Indoor sports photography
Indoor sports photography

More tips for sports photography
More tips for sports photography


And even more sports tips
And even more sports tips!


Chapter 17 history
Chapter 17: History

  • The Daily Graphic:

    • First illustrated daily newspaper

  • Difficult process

    • 5 by 7 inch plates

    • Cumbersome equipment

    • Days to develop

    • Artists drew replicas!

Evolution of printing process
Evolution of printing process

  • Halftone screens

    • Ordered dot pattern, held against screen

    • First halftone in Canadian Illustrated News, 1871

  • Full-bleed photographs by 1900

  • First photograph on front page of New York Times in 1910

  • Skeptics questioned power of photographs

Jimmy hare
Jimmy Hare

  • Born in London, came to U.S. in 1889

  • Freelance photographer from 1896-98 for Illustrated American

  • After leaving, went on to photograph battleship Maine explosion

  • Covered Spanish-American war

  • First flight at Kitty Hawk

Women enter field
Women enter field

  • Frances Benjamin Johnston

    • Documented early educational methods in schools

    • Bain News Service in Washington, D.C.

National geographic
National Geographic

  • First issue in 1888: No photographs

  • 1903: Ran first halftone

  • 1905: First photo spread unbroken by text

Photographers as reformers
Photographers as reformers

  • Jacob Riis/Lewis Hine

    • Exposed slum conditions for immigrants

    • Led to child labor laws

  • Immigrants could understand photographs published in tabloids

Weegee king of crime photographers
Weegee: King of crime photographers

  • Arthur Fellig

  • Police radio, lived near police station

  • “New York City was his working space, night was his time, and violence was his specialty”

Photography lingo
Photography lingo

  • Shoot: take photos

  • Sharp photo: in focus

  • Soft: out of focus; not sharp

  • Flat light: Even, with no highlights

  • Bracket: Take several shots of same scene at different exposures

  • Shoot a lot of frames!

    • Take a lot of photos – memory cards are cheap!

In class assignment
In Class Assignment

  • Go to the Recreational Sports area and practice stopping action

  • Work in teams, with others who have similar types of camera

  • Come back, download photos, and upload to my Picasaweb page

Picasa 3 editing selecting photos
Picasa 3: Editing, selecting photos

  • Set up Google Account:

  • Go to:

  • Download Picasa 3

  • Upload photographs

  • Under File menu, select New Album

  • Type in Date/name of assignment

  • Select photos, drag to the album you created

  • Edit photos, put the final photo selection first in album

  • Select the final photo, and write cutline where it says: Write a caption!

  • NOTE: Add full name to the end of the caption

Sharing album with me
Sharing album with me

  • Select the album you want to share

  • Click on the Share button on upper right side of the album screen

  • Sign in to your Google account

  • In the Share Photos screen, in the To: box type [email protected]