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Journalism 2300: News Photography. Week Four February 18, 2013. W ords matter!. And more!. Upcoming major assignments. Major Assignment I: Features Photograph * Due TODAY Major Assignment II: Portraits/Personality * Due 6 pm on Monday, March 4 Major Assignment III : Winter Events

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Journalism 2300: News Photography

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Journalism 2300:News Photography

Week Four

February 18, 2013

Words matter!

And more!

Upcoming major assignments

  • Major Assignment I: Features Photograph

    * Due TODAY

  • Major Assignment II: Portraits/Personality

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, March 4

  • Major Assignment III: Winter Events

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, March 25

  • Major Assignment IV: Sports

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, April 1

  • Major Assignment V: Weather

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, April 8

  • Major Assignment VI: Spot News

    * Due 6 pm on Monday, April 15

Extra Credit

  • Photojournalist Profile: Due March 25

To be a better photographer…

…you need to take a lot of photos!

Carry your camera with you!

The week in pictures

  • MSNBC:


  • Duluth News Tribune


Let’s look at your photos

  • Overall excellent variety of shots!

  • Some of you had tough lighting to overcome

  • Learning more about exposure and compensating for poor light

  • Bracket, bracket, bracket!

  • Need to answer 5Ws and H in caption

  • Get familiar with Associated Press Stylebook!

Need to share ALL of your photos in your Picasa album

  • Contact sheet of photos

  • Shows me that you have taken a variety of photographs from different angles, with different exposures

Let’s practice cropping

  • Go to Photo #6 and download


Let’s look at all of the photos:

  • Most artistic

  • Best fulfills the assignment

  • Strongest caption

Equivalent f-stops/shutter speed

It's a simple 1:1 relationship.One f-stop change = one shutter speed change.

Exposure concepts

Shutter speeds


Macro photography=Closeups

How to hold your camera


Expressions of motion


What’s a caption? See page 150

  • Who:

    • Need names or detailed description

    • Need last names

  • What:

    • What’s happening in photo

  • When:

    • Time element important

      • Day of week, time of day

  • Where:

    • Location

  • Why:

    • Importance of shot

  • How:

    • Explanations as needed

Chapter 7: Photo Editing

  • Eye-Trac Research:

    • ¾ of a second spent looking at a photograph!

  • Imaginative Assignments

    • Go beyond the news release

    • Nursing home example

  • Select the strongest photographer

    • Look at other photographers’ work for ideas

What does it take to be a photo editor?

  • Research, research, research!

  • Camera skills not necessary

  • Day in Pictures:

    • San Francisco Chronicle Web site


Photo-selection strategies

  • Tough to be own photo editor

    • Too close to subject

  • Washington Post Hierarchy: P. 130

    • Informational

    • Graphic

    • Emotional

    • Intimate

  • Combine categories for strong images

What readers don’t see

  • Whole population segments often ignored

  • Inciting violence or informing the public?

What do readers prefer?

  • Not easily defined

  • Liking photo different than being interested

  • Victim photos

Chapter 6: Sports

  • Concentration the key

    • Easy to get distracted!

    • Anticipate the action

  • Timeliness important

    • Old news = no news

    • Important to get background information on sport you’re covering

Barry Bonds: Brad Mangin, SI


Summarize game in one photo

  • Stay until the end of the game

  • Summary shot might not be action shot

  • Crowd reaction

  • Coach reaction

  • Thrill of victory, agony of defeat…

Need complete caption information

  • Must know names of athletes photographed

  • Editing nightmare: having excellent action shot, but no name

  • Take a photograph of the game roster

    • To get names with the numbers

Sports as features

  • Entertainment factor

  • Look in the stands for photos that capture flavor of the event

Sports photography techniques

  • Freezing action

    • Shutter speed of at least 1/500 second for action sports

    • Let’s look at your cameras!

    • Speed of subject: sprinter vs. jogger

      - Coming straight at you, or on side

    • Distance

      - The closer that the camera is to moving subject, faster the shutter speed

Shutter: 1/200

Aperture: f/5.20

Focal length: 115

ISO 50 No flash

ISO 800

Shutter: 1/250 second

Aperture: f/5.60

No flash Focal length 300

ISO: 800

Shutter: 1/180 second

Aperture: f/5.6

Focal length: 105 No flash

ISO: 400

Shutter: 1/750

Aperture: f/4.80

Focal length: 129 No flash

ISO: 400

Shutter: 1/1000 second

Aperture: f/4.50

Focal length: 120 No flash

ISO: 800

Shutter: 1/350 second

Aperture: f/4.80

Focal length: 82 No flash

ISO: 400

Shutter: 1/500 second

Aperture: f/5.60

Focal length: 105 No flash

Shutter: 1/50 second

Aperture: f/5.60

Focal length: 82

No flash

Shutter: 1/60

Aperture: f/4.20

Focal length: 78

No flash

Peak action

  • Look for momentary pause in action

  • Shutter: 1/100 second

  • Aperture: f/4.80

  • Focal length: 255 No flash


  • Slow shutter speed, move camera to follow the action

  • Try: Shutter of 1/15, small aperture

  • Background will blur

ISO: 200

Shutter: 1/15 second

Aperture: f/22

No flash Focal length: 48 mm

Getting sharp images

  • Bracket! Need a lot of exposures to get sharp sports images

  • Use autofocus

  • Select the autofocus point to capture the action

    • Center usually safest

Bag of solutions

  • DSLR Tips:

    • Use a long telephoto

    • Teleconverter

    • Zoom lenzes

    • Monopod/tripod

    • Rain gear

    • Wireless remotes

Sports tips for DSLR

Reaction Time

  • Anticipating the action

    • If wait until crack of bat, you’re too late

  • Press the shutter release halfway down

Basketball strategies

  • Stake a position

    • Don’t try to cover entire court

  • No flash!

  • Watch the key players, then anticipate where they will be on the court

  • Look for emotional shot

  • Difficult to stop action, but keep trying!

  • How Sports Illustrated works: p. 123

Hockey tips

  • Lighting a challenge indoors

  • Focus on key player, follow them

  • Focus on the puck – tough to follow!

  • Prefocus on an area in front of the goal and wait!

  • Avoid going behind goal – will just see goalie’s head

  • Move around for different angles

  • With DSLR, shoot through the glass

Shutter: 1/60 second

Aperture: f/4.20

Focal length: 168 No flash

Shutter: 1/60 second

Aperture: f/4.20

Focal length: 105 No flash

Indoor sports photography

More tips for sports photography


And even more sports tips!


Chapter 17: History

  • The Daily Graphic:

    • First illustrated daily newspaper

  • Difficult process

    • 5 by 7 inch plates

    • Cumbersome equipment

    • Days to develop

    • Artists drew replicas!

Evolution of printing process

  • Halftone screens

    • Ordered dot pattern, held against screen

    • First halftone in Canadian Illustrated News, 1871

  • Full-bleed photographs by 1900

  • First photograph on front page of New York Times in 1910

  • Skeptics questioned power of photographs

Jimmy Hare

  • Born in London, came to U.S. in 1889

  • Freelance photographer from 1896-98 for Illustrated American

  • After leaving, went on to photograph battleship Maine explosion

  • Covered Spanish-American war

  • First flight at Kitty Hawk

Women enter field

  • Frances Benjamin Johnston

    • Documented early educational methods in schools

    • Bain News Service in Washington, D.C.

National Geographic

  • First issue in 1888: No photographs

  • 1903: Ran first halftone

  • 1905: First photo spread unbroken by text

Photographers as reformers

  • Jacob Riis/Lewis Hine

    • Exposed slum conditions for immigrants

    • Led to child labor laws

  • Immigrants could understand photographs published in tabloids

Weegee: King of crime photographers

  • Arthur Fellig

  • Police radio, lived near police station

  • “New York City was his working space, night was his time, and violence was his specialty”

Let’s look at the book…

Photography lingo

  • Shoot: take photos

  • Sharp photo: in focus

  • Soft: out of focus; not sharp

  • Flat light: Even, with no highlights

  • Bracket: Take several shots of same scene at different exposures

  • Shoot a lot of frames!

    • Take a lot of photos – memory cards are cheap!

In Class Assignment

  • Go to the Recreational Sports area and practice stopping action

  • Work in teams, with others who have similar types of camera

  • Come back, download photos, and upload to my Picasaweb page

Picasa 3: Editing, selecting photos

  • Set up Google Account:

  • Go to:

  • Download Picasa 3

  • Upload photographs

  • Under File menu, select New Album

  • Type in Date/name of assignment

  • Select photos, drag to the album you created

  • Edit photos, put the final photo selection first in album

  • Select the final photo, and write cutline where it says: Write a caption!

  • NOTE: Add full name to the end of the caption

Sharing album with me

  • Select the album you want to share

  • Click on the Share button on upper right side of the album screen

  • Sign in to your Google account

  • In the Share Photos screen, in the To: box type

  • Login