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International Workshop on Research Policy – Incentives and Institutions – Ministry of Finance and Economics – Rome, Italy November 28th, 2002 "Research Policy in Germany. The German Approach to Search for Quality and Better Results in Research" by Dr. Bernd Ebersold,

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

International Workshop on Research Policy – Incentives and Institutions –

Ministry of Finance and Economics – Rome, Italy November 28th, 2002

"Research Policy in Germany.

The German Approach to Search for Quality and Better Results in Research"

by Dr. Bernd Ebersold,

Director, Department for Research Policy and Foreign Relations,

Max Planck Society


International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

R&D expenditure of the Federal Republic of Germany by financing sector (2001) Total R&D expenditure: € 52,1 billion

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Business enterprise sector

Government

Abroad

PNP-Sector

0.2

1.1

34.8

16.0

GERD: 52.1

8.1

37.2

6.8

Business Enterprise Sector

Government and

PNP Sector

Universities and Universities

of Applied Sciences

Gross domestic expenditure on research and development - financing and performing sectors€ billion, 2001

2


International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Structure of German research funding (simplified system)

Business enterprise sector

Federal Government

Federal states

(Länder)

DFG

Higher education sector

(universities)

Intramural research laboratories

HGF

MPG

FhG

Länder R&D

institutions

AiF institutes

WGL

Federal

R&D institutions

Industry-related

R&D institutions

3

Academies


International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Structure of Matter

Earth and Environment

Transport and Space

Health

Energy

Key Technologies

HGF-Research Fields

4


Max planck society for the advancement of science

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science

President: Prof. Peter Gruss

Secretary General: Dr. Barbara Bludau

80 Institutes

11,600 employees plus 8,500 junior scientists

Annual budget: € 1.25 billion

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Locations I

6


International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Student Assistants, Ph.D.Students, Post-docs,

Research Scholars and Guest Scientists (2001)

by Native Country

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Expenditure 2002 acc. to Sections

Total € 1,252.6 mio

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE SECTION

MPI for BIOCHEMISTRY, Martinsried

MPI for BIOLOGY, Tübingen

MPI for BIOPHYSICS, Frankfurt/Main

MPI for VASCULAR BIOLOGY, Münster

MPI for BIOPHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, Göttingen

MPI for EXPERIMENTAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, Hannover/Hanover

MPI for DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, Tübingen

Research Center „Enzymology of Protein Folding“, Halle/Saale

MPI for MOLECULAR GENETICS, Berlin

MPI for BRAIN RESEARCH, Frankfurt/Main

MPI for IMMUNOBIOLOGY, Freiburg

MPI for INFECTION BIOLOGY, Berlin

MPI for BIOLOGICAL CYBERNETICS, Tübingen

MPI for LIMNOLOGY, Plön

MPI for EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, Göttingen

MPI for MEDICAL RESEARCH, Heidelberg

MPI for MARINE MICROBIOLOGY, Bremen

MPI for TERRESTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY, Marburg

Research Units for Structural Molecular Biology at DESY, Hamburg

MPI for NEUROBIOLOGY, Martinsried

MPI for NEUROLOGICAL RESEARCH, Köln/Cologne

MPI for CHEMICAL ECOLOGY, Jena

Research Center for Ornithologie, Andechs und Radolfzell

MPI for MOLECULAR PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, Golm

MPI for MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY, Dortmund

MPI for PHYSIOL. AND CLINICAL RESEARCH, Bad Nauheim

MPI for PSYCHIATRIE, München/Munich

MPI für PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, Nijmegen, NL

MPI for CELL BIOLOGY, Ladenburg b. Heidelberg

MPI for MOLECULAR CELL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS, Dresden

MPI for PLANT BREEDING RESEARCH, Köln/Cologne

Internet: www.mpg.de

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

HUMANITIES SECTION

MPI for EVOLUTIONARY ANTHROPOLOGY , Leipzig

MPI Bibliotheca Hertziana – Rome, Italy

MPI for HUMAN DEVELOPMENT , Berlin

MPI for DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH , Rostock

MPI for SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY , Halle/Saale

MPI For HISTORY , Göttingen

MPI for the STUDY of SOCIETIES , Köln/Cologne

MPI for INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, COMPETITION AND TAX LAW, München/Munich

MPI for COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE , Leipzig

MPI for FOREIGN AND INTERNATIONAL

PRIVATE LAW, Hamburg

MPI for PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH , München/Munich

MPI for EUROPEAN LEGAL HISTORY , Frankfurt/Main

MPI for FOREIGN AND INTERNATIONAL

SOCIAL LAW, München/Munich

MPI for FOREIGN AND INTERNATIONAL

CRIMINAL LAW, Freiburg

MPI for COMPARATIVE PUBLIC LAW AND INTERNATIONAL LAW, Heidelberg

MPI for RESEARCH INTO ECONOMIC SYSTEMS , Jena

MPI for the HISTORY OF SCIENCE , Berlin

Internet: www.mpg.de

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

CHEMISTRY, PHYSICS and TECHNOLOGY SECTION

MPI for AERONOMY , Katlenburg-Lindau

MPI for ASTRONOMY , Heidelberg

MPI for ASTROPHYSICS , Garching

MPI for BIOGEOCHEMISTRY , Jena

MPI for CHEMISTRY (Otto-Hahn-Institut) , Mainz

MPI for DYNAMICS OF COMPLEX TECHNICAL SYSTEMS, Magdeburg

MPI for IRON RESEARCH , Düsseldorf

MPI For SOLID STATE RESEARCH , Stuttgart

Fritz Haber Institute, Berlin

MPI for GRAVITATIONAL PHYSICS, Golm b. Potsdam

MPI for COMPUTER SCIENCE, Saarbrücken

MPI for NUCLEAR PHYSICS, Heidelberg

MPI for COAL RESEARCH , Mülheim/Ruhr

MPI for COLLOID AND INTERFACE RESEARCH , Golm/Potsdam

MPI for MATHEMATICS , Bonn

MPI for MATHEMATICS IN THE SCIENCES, Leipzig

MPI for METALS RESEARCH , Stuttgart

MPI for METEOROLOGY , Hamburg

MPI for MICROSTRUCTURE PHYSICS, Halle/Saale

MPI for PHYSICS, München/Munich

MPI for the PHYSICS OF COMPLEX SYSTEMS , Dresden

MPI for CHEMICAL PHYSICS OF SOLIDS, Dresden

MPI for EXTRATERRESTRIAL PHYSICS , Garching

MPI for PLASMA PHYSICS , Garching

MPI for POLYMER RESEARCH , Mainz

MPI for QUANTUM OPTICS , Garching

MPI for RADIO ASTRONOMY , Bonn

MPI for RADIATION CHEMISTRY , Mülheim/Ruhr

MPI for FLOW RESEARCH , Göttingen

Internet: www.mpg.de

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Essential Cornerstones

sound financial support

independence/autonomy

quality control/evaluation system

international cooperation

support of young researchers

The Max Planck Society

Research at the Frontier of Knowledge

Max Planck Society

Mission

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

BMBF:

Higher Investment into R&D and Education – combined with structural reforms

  • more competition-oriented funding

  • new ways of steering and managing universities and research centers

  • new career paths for young researchers

  • performance-oriented pay for professors

  • science and industry – closer links

  • new attitudes vis-à-vis and support of entrepreneurship

  • public understanding of science – Wissenschaft im Dialog

  • Integration into European Research Area and internationalization

13


Priorities in research funding

Genome research, biotechnology und health research

Environmental and climate research

Production research and materials research

Nanotechnology and optical technologies

Information and communication technologies

Energy research

Mobility and transport research

Space research and technology

Priorities in research funding

BMBF:

14


International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Components of Successful Research

15


International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Autonomy at Max Planck Institutes

  • determining their research areas

  • choosing their research structure (i.e., departments/projects)

  • independently recruiting their own personnel

  • managing the institute‘s budget

  • acquiring third-party funds

  • selecting their national and international cooperation

    partners, as well as the form of collaboration

Max Planck Institutes are responsible for

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Types of Evaluation

Ex Ante Evaluation

Ex Post

Evaluation

System Evaluation

  • •Establishing institutes

  • • Appointments

  • Program concepts

  • Concepts for

  • individual scientific

  • proposals

  • Performed every 2

  • yrs. by the scientific

  • advisory boards of

  • the institutes

  • Extended evaluation

  • every 6 yrs.

  • Evaluations

  • commissioned by

  • donors and granting

  • agencies

  • Structure oriented presidential committee

  • Internal analysis of the

  • activities and the

  • performance

Peer Review

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International workshop on research policy incentives and institutions

Internet: www.mpg.de

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