SNCC Offers Immunotherapy, Cancer Vaccines
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The immune system is developed to help protect the body from infections and diseases. Immune cells are designed to travel through the body to detect harmful germs or cells that can cause infections. The immune system can also help protect the body from cancer in some ways; however, there are limits to what the immune system can do to fight cancer on its own.

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SNCC Offers Immunotherapy, Cancer Vaccines

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Sncc offers immunotherapy cancer vaccines

SNCC Offers Immunotherapy, Cancer Vaccines

The immune system is developed to help protect the body from infections and diseases. Immune

cells are designed to travel through the body to detect harmful germs or cells that can cause

infections. The immune system can also help protect the body from cancer in some ways;

however, there are limits to what the immune system can do to fight cancer on its own.

When dealing with cancer, there are many treatment options available. Determining the best and

most effective treatment for your cancer case can seem overwhelming, which is why you need a

cancer expert on your side to answer questions. And one set of questions you may have may be

about immunotherapy, which can include cancer vaccines.

“Immunotherapy is a constantly evolving treatment option for cancer,” said Dr. Jorge Perez with

Sierra Nevada Cancer Center. “Its focus is on enhancing the immune system, enacting the body’s

own defenses to fight off, or stop, the spread of cancer in the body.”

Immunotherapy can help treat a variety of cancers such as melanoma, breast, prostate and lung

cancer.

Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer and is responsible for the majority of skin cancer-

related deaths. Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women, whereas

prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men and lung cancer is a leading cause of

cancer deaths. The most common treatment options for these types of cancer may consist of

surgery followed by radiation therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy.

But for many different types of cancer, immunotherapy has shown to be effective in a variety of

clinical outcomes for patients with cancer. Immunotherapy can be used in conjunction with

other cancer treatment options such as radiation or chemotherapy.

The most effective immunotherapy treatments for cancer consist of:

●cancer vaccines, which help trigger the immune system to attack tumor antigens;

●monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), where generated molecules or antibodies target cancer

tumors by causing an immune response;

●Checkpoint inhibitors, which are target molecules that produce or enhance pre-existing

anti-cancer immune responses to attack cancer cells.


Sncc offers immunotherapy cancer vaccines

Cancer vaccines

There are two different types of cancer vaccines: vaccines that can prevent certain types of

cancer and vaccines that can help treat cancer.

Similar to traditional vaccines used to prevent the chickenpox or the flu, cancer vaccines can

help prevent or treat cancer. Preventive cancer vaccines are most effective for cancers known to

be caused by infections, like the HPV vaccine, which helps prevent cervical, anal or throat

cancers that can begin as an infection. Most cancers such as lung, prostate and breast cancers are

not thought to be caused by infections and therefore can not be prevented by a cancer vaccine.

However, treatment cancer vaccines help boost the immune system to attack against cancer cells

in the body. Take, for example, Sipuleucel-T (Provenge®), the only U.S. Food and Drug

Administration (FDA) approved vaccine used to treat advanced prostate cancer that is no longer

being helped by hormone therapy. Although the vaccine cannot cure prostate cancer, it has

helped extend the lives of men with prostate cancer.

Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are man-made antibodies that specifically target a certain

antigen, such as one that is found in cancer cells. When dealing with cancer, creating monoclonal

antibodies can be difficult, especially when trying to identify the right antigen to attack. The

FDA has approved more than a dozen mAbs to treat certain cancers. There are two main types of

mAbs: naked mAbs, which are antibodies not attached to drugs or radioactive material, and

conjugated mAbs, which are joined to a chemotherapy drug or a radioactive particle. Adoptive T

cell therapy can be similar to mAbs, but instead, T cells are removed from a patient and then

modified or treated to enhance activity. They are then transferred back into the patient to

improve the immune system’s anti-cancer response.

Checkpoint Inhibitors

Checkpoints in the immune system are important to keep the immune system from attacking the

normal cells in the body, but oftentimes cancer cells can find ways to avoid these checkpoints

and avoid being attacked by the immune system. Checkpoint inhibitors can access these immune

cells that need to be activated to start an immune response to recognize and attack cancer cells in

the body. These inhibitors are particularly effective in treating advanced melanoma by blocking

the protein that typically prevent the immune system from attacking itself, often shrinking

tumors and helping patients live longer.


Sncc offers immunotherapy cancer vaccines

Although they cannot cure or prevent cancer, these immunotherapy treatments have helped

certain patients with their specific cancer case. As researchers begin to understand and learn

about the immune system and how it can be used to treat cancer, immunotherapy treatments are

constantly changing and advancing. Some immunotherapy treatments focus on simply boosting

the body’s immune system, whereas others are used to train the immune system to specifically

attack cancer cells.


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