Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity
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Dynamics of Urok Practice: Metaphor of Bagos’ Mutuality and Solidarity. Rudolf T. Vecaldo [email protected] Instructor, College of Teacher Education Cagayan State University Tuguegarao City, Cagayan, Philippines. Background of the Study.

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Dynamics of Urok Practice: Metaphor of Bagos’ Mutuality and Solidarity

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Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Dynamics of Urok Practice: Metaphor of Bagos’ Mutuality and Solidarity

Rudolf T. Vecaldo

[email protected]

Instructor, College of Teacher Education

Cagayan State University

Tuguegarao City, Cagayan, Philippines


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Background of the Study

  • Understanding Philippine society through the study of Filipino cultures composite in the life

  • of the indigenous communities

  • No study conducted on the Urok practice

  • Results may inspire credence on the inquiry of

  • the diverse strengths in indigenous people’s character


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Objectives

  • Draw the meaning of the Urok practice

  • Trace the evolution of the Urok practice

  • Determine the role of Urok practice in

  • enhancing Bagos’ group solidarity and mutuality

  • Identify the tenets of social life revealed in Urok

  • that describe the strength of indigenous Filipino character


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Theoretical Framework

Functionalism

Interdependence Equilibrium Cooperation Consensus

Durkheim's Social Solidarity Theory

mechanical

organic


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Methods

  • Descriptive-qualitative Design

  • Fieldwork

  • Interview

  • Observation

  • Case Analysis

  • Documentary Analysis


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Study Setting:

Casigayan, Tabuk, Kalinga


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Results and Discussion


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Meaning of Urok

Marriage

Hospitalization

50 Pesos and 2 kilograms of rice per household

20 Pesos or 1 Caltex of rice per household

Any amount per household

Death


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Meaning of Urok

Urok in the personal life of a Bago

Tulong (Help)

Urok in the social life of the Bagos

Pannakikaddua (Companionship)


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Evolution of Urok

Mechanical

Organic

UROK ON DEATH

(ORAL AGREEMENT)

UROK ON DEATH

(CALTEX ORGANIZATION)

UROK ON DEATH

(BAGNOS SARANAY)

Before 1947

1947

1979

UROK ON

HOSPITALIZATION

UROK ON

MARRIAGE

Latest development

1990’s


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Role of Urok in Enhancing the Bagos’ Group Solidarity and Mutuality

Urok on Marriage

  • Depiction of harmonious relationship between and among the people in times of merriment


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Urok on Hospitalization

  • Evidence of the Bagos’ socio-cultural sense of genuine mutual love and value for co-existence

  • Contributes to the deepening of a functional social bond


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Urok on Death

  • Form of moral sympathy extended during the trying moments of grief

  • Confirmation of genuine emotional, social and even spiritual support to the coping bereaved family


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Tenets of Social Life Revealed in Urok

Describing the Strength of

Indigenous Filipino Character

Benevolence

Cooperation

Self-Sustaining

Community

Thoughtfulness

Obedience


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

  • Urok epitomizes how Filipinos value their kakaddua (fellowmen) over self interests.


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Conclusion


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Urok practice…

bridges social and economic disparities;

(b) reinforces the experience of closeness among the people; and

(c) contributes to the formation of a self-sustaining community.


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Recommendations

  • Strengthening of the Urok practice

  • Conduct of studies in wider perspective, especially covering the anthropological sketch of the Bagos

  • Continuous effort in documenting indigenous practices


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Impact/Outcomes of the Study

  • Intensified effort in upholding the Urok practice

  • Greater awareness of other cultural groups on the essence of the Urok practice

  • Recognition of the cultural practices of the Bago community

  • Integration of the Urok practice in some discussions in the subject “Society and Culture”


Dynamics of urok practice metaphor of bagos mutuality and solidarity

Bibliography

  • Basco, Carmen (1956). Two Bago Villages: A Study. University of Manila Journal of East Asiatic Studies,

  • pp. 25-175.

  • Constitution and by-laws of Urok (Revised 2009)

  • Durkheim, Emile (1858-1917). Retrieved February 16, 2010, from. http://Durkheim.itgo.com/solidarity.html.

  • Kottak, Conrad Philip (1991). Cultural Anthropology. 5th Edition, pp.40-47. Me Graw- Hill Inc, pp. 40-47.

  • Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997

  • The Bago. Retrieved May 3, 2012, from. http://Saguntostar.com/the-bago/

  • The Bago Culture. Retrieved February 20, 2010, from. http://kingki.blogsprint.com/list/salaysay/tribal_festival_doc.html.


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