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The Beginning of the Great War. Standard 5.4 E.Q. What started World War 1?. The Course of the War. The ignition incident of the Great War was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir of Austro – Hungarian Empire, in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist. The Course of the War.

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The beginning of the great war

The Beginning of the Great War

Standard 5.4

E.Q. What started World War 1?


The course of the war
The Course of the War

  • The ignition incident of the Great War was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir of Austro – Hungarian Empire, in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist.


The course of the war1
The Course of the War

  • The resulting confrontation between Austria – Hungary and Serbia quickly involved much of Europe in conflict due to the alliance system.

    • Serbia > Austria – Hungary

    • Russia < Germany

    • France < Germany

    • Belgium < Germany

    • Britain > Germany


The groups of countries
The Groups of Countries

  • Allies: France, Britain, Russia

  • Central Powers: Germany, Austrian – Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Present day Turkey)

  • Italy started on the Central side and switched to the Allies.

  • Big Four Included France, Britain, Italy, plus eventually the United States (Russia dropped out of the war).


Plan strategies
Plan Strategies

  • Schleffen Plan: Germany’s war plan.

    • Called for a holding action against Russia

    • Combined with a quick drive through Belgium to Paris; after France had fallen

    • The Two German armies would defeat Russia.


Wwi becomes intense
WWI becomes intense

  • Unable to save Belgium, the Allies retreated to the Mame River in France, where they halted the long conflict.

  • Here, they halted the German advanced in September 1914


Trench warfare
Trench Warfare

  • Trench Warfare – a style in which armies fought from trenches for mere yards of ground

  • Trench warfare was used for nearly 3 years during World War 1.


No man s land
“No Man’s Land”

  • No man’s land – the barren area between the trenches which consisted of mud and artillery impact craters, bound by lines of barbed wire

  • Impatient with this style of fighting, both sides periodically tried crawling out of the trenches and charging the other line.

  • They usually cut down by machine gun fire.


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