The Industrial  Revolution
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The Industrial Revolution. Using your m62 template. Warm Up. If you could invent something that made life easier for people (that hasn’t been invented yet), what would it be?. The Industrial Revolution. Using your m62 template. What is industry?

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Using your m62 template

The Industrial Revolution

Using your m62 template


Using your m62 template

Warm Up

If you could invent something that made life easier for people (that hasn’t been invented yet), what would it be?


Using your m62 template

The Industrial Revolution

Using your m62 template

  • What is industry?

  • What do you think the Industrial Revolution is?

  • What do you think happened as a result of the Industrial Revolution?


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I. Introduction

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  • A. Before the Industrial Revolution, most people were farmers and made their own clothes and tools. These people did not know much about the world beyond their village

  • B. After the Industrial Revolution, most people lived in cities and could buy things that they needed

  • Why might people move from the country

  • to the city?


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I. Introduction

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  • C. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain

  • 1. More food was being produced, which led to a growth in population

  • Great Britain had a lot of money to spend on new machines and new factories


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II. Causes of the Industrial Revolution

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  • According to this chart, what happened to the population in England in 1700?

  • Why do you think this was the case?


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II. Causes of the Industrial Revolution

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  • A. The Agricultural Revolution

  • 1. New farming methods allowed more food to be produced, which led to a growth in population


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II. Causes of the Industrial Revolution

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  • 2. These new ways of farming, allowed fewer farmers to create more food

  • Why might this actually be a problem for some farmers?


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The British Empire

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II. Causes of the Industrial Revolution

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  • D. Britain’s government supported laissez – faire (“hands off” approach to economics), which allowed businesses to profit.

  • E. Britain had colonies had colonies around the world where they could

  • Get raw materials

  • sell their goods.

  • In other words, they had a lot of customers


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Using your m62 template

  • Look at the pictures on this slide. Based on what you see, write a sentence describing what life might have been like during the Industrial Revolution


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IV. Growth of Industry

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  • What is a factory?

  • A. With the invention of new and easier ways to manufacture goods, factories needed workers


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IV. Growth of Industry

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  • B. Many people moved from rural areas to make money working at a factory

  • 1. Urbanization: the movement of people to cities


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V. Effects on Society

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  • What effects do you think the Industrial Revolution had on society?

  • A. Population in Europe doubled

  • What is population?

  • What do you think would make the population grow so much?


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V. Effects on Society

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  • B. Since city populations grew so quickly, builders could not keep up with the demand of new living space

  • C. This resulted in cramped, unsanitary living conditions


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V. Effects on Society

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  • D. New social classes emerge

    • 1. The Middle class were people who started their own company or created in invention where they were able to accumulate enough profit to help them live comfortably


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V. Effects on Society

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  • 2. The working class were made up of people who worked in the factories and usually lived in tenement houses and lived in poor conditions


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Child Labor

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V. Effects on Society

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  • E. Because of the need of workers, many women and children were also employed as factory workers

  • 1. These women and children were paid less than men


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V. Effects on Society

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  • F. Because of the low pay and dangerous conditions, many workers tried to protest against the factory owners

  • 1. Many of these people formed illegal labor unions, which pushed for reforms, sometimes with violence

  • a. Labor Unions: a group of workers who organize together to push for workplace changes


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V. Effects on Society

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  • 2. However, because of the policy of Laissez Faire, the government would not take any action to improve the lives of the working class

  • Do you think it is the government’s job to force companies to do what’s right?


Using your m62 template

Using your m62 template


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