Structure and bonding in organic chemistry
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Structure and Bonding in Organic Chemistry. Electron Configurations Lewis Dot Structures Hybridization Orbital depictions. Organic Chemist’s Periodic Table. Molecular Model of Aspirin. Nucleus is a Tiny Fraction of the Volume of an Atom. Orbitals are Probabilities. 2s Orbital Has a Node.

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Structure and bonding in organic chemistry

Structure and Bonding in Organic Chemistry

Electron Configurations

Lewis Dot Structures

Hybridization

Orbital depictions







Bonding in h 2 sigma s bond
Bonding in H2Sigma (s) Bond



Molecular orbitals mathematical combination of atomic orbitals
Molecular OrbitalsMathematical Combination of Atomic Orbitals


Antibonding molecular orbital destructive overlap creates node
Antibonding Molecular OrbitalDestructive Overlap Creates Node


S and s of h 2
s and s* of H2






P x p y p z
px, py, pz




All have the same geometry all have 4 regions of electron density
All Have the Same GeometryAll Have 4 Regions of Electron Density




In ground state 2 bonding sites 1 lone pair
In Ground State2 bonding sites, 1 lone pair


Sp 3 hybridization 4 regions of electron density link
sp3 Hybridization 4 Regions of electron Density link



Sp 3 is tetrahedral geometry methane
sp3 is Tetrahedral GeometryMethane


Ammonia tetrahedral geometry pyramidal shape
Ammonia Tetrahedral GeometryPyramidal Shape







Sp 2 hybridization 3 regions of electron density
sp2 Hybridization3 Regions of Electron Density



An sp 2 hybridized atom
An sp2 Hybridized Atom


The p bond overlap of 2 parallel p orbitals
The p bondOverlap of 2 parallel p Orbitals






Sp hybridization 2 regions of electron density
sp Hybridization2 Regions of Electron Density



Acetylene c 2 h 2 1 s bond 2 perpendicular p bonds
Acetylene, C2H2, 1 s bond2 perpendicular p bonds




Condensed formulas
Condensed Formulas












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