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SharePoint 2010 Administration using PowerShell. Brian Caauwe Senior Consultant – SharePoint – MCTS March 20, 2010. Session Agenda. Introduction PowerShell Basics PowerShell & SharePoint 2010 Demo Q&A. Who am I?. Brian Caauwe Consultant & Speaker Email: [email protected]

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Sharepoint 2010 administration using powershell

SharePoint 2010 Administration using PowerShell

Brian Caauwe

Senior Consultant – SharePoint – MCTS

March 20, 2010


Session agenda
Session Agenda

  • Introduction

  • PowerShell Basics

  • PowerShell & SharePoint 2010

  • Demo

  • Q&A


Who am i
Who am I?

  • Brian Caauwe

  • Consultant & Speaker

  • MCTS - SharePoint v3


Minnesota sharepoint user group
Minnesota SharePoint User Group

  • 2nd Wednesday of the Month

    • 9:00 – 11:30 AM

  • SharePoint resources and links

  • Meeting Schedule

  • Past User Group Presentations

  • This Presentation

  • Next Meeting – 4/14

    • Business Process and Digital Forms 2007 / 2010

www.sharepointmn.com



Getting started
Getting Started

  • More than just a command prompt

  • Not Exclusive to SharePoint

    • Exchange 2007

    • SQL 2008

    • More…

  • Get PowerShell

    • Windows Server 2003 (KB926139)

    • Windows Server 2008 (Activate Feature)

  • Tab is your friend (auto-complete)


More powershell information
More PowerShell Information

  • Use .NET objects

    • System.String

    • System.Int32

    • Etc.

  • Access Registry

    • cd HKLM:\System

    • cd HKCU:\Software

  • Store Variables

    • $myArray = “value1”,”value2”,”value3”

  • Supports Complex operations

    • Loops (For, While)

    • If / Else

    • Switch

  • Supports Functions

    • Function Get-Information([string]$arg)


Even more powershell information
Even More PowerShell Information

  • Syntax differences

    • Operators

      • -lt is Less than (<)

      • -le is Less than or Equal To (<=)

      • -eq is Equivalent (==)

      • -gt is Greater than (>)

      • -ge is Greater than or Equal to (>=)

      • -ne is Not Equal (!=)

      • -or is Logical Or (||)

      • -and is Logical And (&&)

      • ? is Where (Where-Object)

    • Enums and Static Methods

      • [System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName(“Microsoft.SharePoint”)


Powershell scripts
PowerShell Scripts

  • File Extension (.ps1)

  • Running Scripts

    • Call using .\script.ps1

  • ExecutionPolicy minimum RemoteSigned


Powershell output
PowerShell Output

  • Output to Console (Write-Host)

  • Output to File (Out-File)


Powershell help
PowerShell Help

  • Get-Help

  • Get-Member


Powershell sp 2010
Powershell & SP 2010


Sharepoint 2010
SharePoint 2010

  • Uses PowerShell v2.0

    • Allows Remote Access

  • Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell namespace

    • Get-Command -pssnapin “Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell” | more

    • Beta2 = ~535cmdlets

  • Download Help files (.chm) from my Blog

  • SharePoint 2010 Management Shell

    • *Run as Administrator


Sharepoint shell administrator
SharePoint Shell Administrator

  • SharePoint_Shell_Access SQL Server Role

    • Get-SPShellAdmin

    • Add-SPShellAdmin

      • Need to be a local admin to run this cmdlet

      • Adds user to WSS_Admin_WPG

    • Remove-SPShellAdmin


Sharepoint 2010 cmdlet basics
SharePoint 2010 Cmdlet Basics

  • All Cmdlets are Object Model Based

    • SPSite

    • SPWeb

    • Etc…

  • Start-SPAssignment / Stop-SPAssignment

    • Garbage Collector for Disposable objects

    • Can be used on variables or globally

  • Use the -WhatIF parameter to see what “would” happen


Helpful cmdlets
Helpful Cmdlets

  • New-SPConfigurationDatabase (replacing psconfig)

  • Add-SPSolution / Deploy-SPSolution

  • New-SPLogFile

  • Get-SPLogEvent -StartTime(Get-Date).AddHours(-2)-EndTime (Get-Date).AddMinutes(-10)


Advanced cmdlets
Advanced Cmdlets

  • Using the Pipe (|)

    • Joins statements together

      • Get-SPWebApplicationhttp://portal.company.com | Get-SPSite -Limit All | Get-SPWeb -Limit All

      • Get-SPSitehttp://portal.company.com| Set-SPSite -SecondaryOwnerAliasDOMAIN\username


More advanced cmdlets
More Advanced Cmdlets

  • Querying Objects

    • Get-SPWeb-Filter {$_.Template -eq“Blog"}

    • Get-SPLogEvent -StartTime (Get-Date).AddHours(-1)| ?{$_.Correlation -eq$guid} | Select Timestamp, Category, Message

    • Get-SPSitehttp://portal.company.com/dept/*| foreach{New-SPWeb -Url ($_.Url + "/blog") -Template Blog#0}

    • Get-SPWebApplicationhttp://portal.company.com | Get-SPSite -Limit All | Get-SPWeb -Limit All | ?{$_.WebTemplate –eq“Blog”} | Select Url, Title, WebTemplateId


Remote scripting
Remote Scripting

  • Run Commands on SharePoint servers

    • Enable-PSRemoting –force

    • Enable-WSManCredSSP –role Server –force

    • Set-Item WSMan:\localhost\Shell\MaxMemoryPerShellMB 1000

  • Run Commands on local machine

    • Enable-PSRemoting -force

    • Enable-WSManCredSSP –role Client –DelegateComputer “*.domain.com or COMPUTERNAME” –force

  • Shared SPModule (\\servername\spmodule)

    • Zach Rosenfields’s Blog http://sharepoint.microsoft.com/blogs/zach/Lists/Posts/Post.aspx?ID=54

  • Store Credentials in a variable

    • $cred = Get-Credential

  • Load Modules

    • $env:PSModulePath = \\servername\spmodule; + $env:PSModulePath

    • Import-Module SPModule.misc

    • Import-Module SPModule.setup




References
References

  • TechNet – Windows PowerShell for SharePoint Server 2010

    • http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee662539(office.14).aspx

  • TechNet – Getting Started: Windows PowerShell for SharePoint 2010 Administrators

    • http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sharepoint/ee518673.aspx

  • Zach Rosenfield’s Blog

    • http://sharepoint.microsoft.com/blogs/zach/Lists/Categories/Category.aspx?Name=PowerShell

  • Brian Caauwe’s Blog

    • http://blogs.inetium.com/blogs/bcaauwe


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