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Uruguay: the Switzerland of South America. Not because of any geographical similarity! 4 times larger than Switzerland highest peak is only 501 m no chocolate or watches! and certainly no Yodeling!. Swiss-like attributes (30-60s): peaceful country with a bountiful economy

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Uruguay the switzerland of south america
Uruguay: the Switzerland of South America



  • Swiss-like attributes (30-60s):

  • peaceful country with a bountiful economy

  • home to South America's first democracy

  • cradle-to-grave welfare system

  • urban, homogeneous and educated population

Changes in world trade patterns led Uruguay into economic and political decline: not longer the Switzerland of South America



Denmark

Albania

Ireland

Lesotho

plus 9 x Andorra

or 9000 Vatican cities!!!


Brazil

Paraguay

Argentina

?

Spain

Portugal

England


Charr as
Charrúas

  • nomadic people

  • fishing and foraging

  • no permanent structures

  • killed explorer Juan Díaz de Solís

    during his 1515 voyage up the Río de la Plata

  • 1831: massacred at Salsipuedes ("Get-out-if-you-can")

  • 4 survivors were taken to a museum and died in France


  • 1680: Portuguese founded Colonia as a rival to Spanish-held Buenos Aires

  • 1726: Spain responded by building its own citadel at Montevideo

  • 1815: the national hero, José Gervasio Artigas, declared independence

  • 1816-1820: Portuguese captured Montevideo and Artigas fled to Paraguay

  • 1821: Uruguay was annexed to Brazil


  • 1825: “33 orientales" ("33 Easterners") issued a declaration of independence

  • Uruguay's first president, Rivera: the Colorados party (reds).

  • The second president, Oribe: the Blancos party (whites)

  • 1903-1929: President Batlle y Ordóñez: welfare state funded by meat and wool exports: “the Switzerland of South America”

  • 1950s: decline as successive governments struggled to maintain a large bureaucracy and social benefits


1960s: political and social crisis and left-wing terrorist activity

1973: military dictators control government, thousands of prisoners

1985: the brutal military regime ended; political and civil rights were restored

1980-90s: reforms to reduce inflation and public sector, and privatization

2002: recession and budget deficit, a growing public debt, and a weakening of the peso on international markets

2004: first victory of a left party: Socialist Broad Front won


  • Population activity

  • white 94% (European)

  • mestizo 6%

  • amerindian nonexistent

  • estimated 600,000 Uruguayans emigrated

  • Spain, Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Australia and USA

  • Roman Catholic (62%)

  • Protestant (4%)

  • Jewish (3%),

  • nonprofessing group (31%)


Education
Education activity

  • High literacy rate

  • Compulsory for students aged 6–11

  • Free at all levels

  • Montevideo: centre for higher education

  • The University of the Republic (1849): distinguished medical school

  • that draws students from the region

  • Vocational training: Labour University of Uruguay (1878)

  • Catholic University of Uruguay (1985): prominent private institution

  • Discrepancy between university training and job opportunities

  • Substantial level of emigration of the best-educated young professionals


March to June 60-70F activity

December to March 80-100F

June to September 40-60F

September to December 60-70F


  • August 2005 activity

  • 120 miles/h wind

  • 20,000 lost electricity and telephone

  • airport was shut down

  • 7 people killed


Economy
Economy activity

  • Gross domestic product: U$11,646 (ranked 61st)

  • Unemployment rate: 10.8%

  • External debt: $11.4 billion

  • Exports: $ 4.0 billion

    • Meat, rice, leather products, dairy, wool, electricity

    • Brazil , US, Argentina, China, Germany, Russia, Mexico

  • Imports: $4.5 billion

    • Vehicles, electrical and industrial machinery, metals, petroleum

    • Brazil, Argentina, US, Paraguay, China, Venezuela


Economy1
Economy activity

  • Tourism

    • Seaside resorts

    • Punta del Este: jet set playground of South America

    • Ecotourism

    • International cruises: October to March

    • Montevideo: Mercosur secretariat,

      • Common Market of the South (Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)

  • Software and consulting

    • well-educated workforce and lower wages: IT field

    • Tata Group: headquarters for the Spanish speaking world

  • “Zona America” Business and Technology Park

  • Financial and educational center for the Mercosur ???


Gauchos
Gauchos activity



Mate activity


Tango activity

Carlos Gardel



Soccer two world cups
Soccer: Two world Cups activity

  • 1930: vs Argentina 4-2

  • 1950: vs Brazil 2-1

    • Maracana stadium

    • Maracanazo: "The Maracana Blow“

    • one of the biggest upsets in football history



Montevideo activity


“Monte vide eu” activity

“Monte VI De Este a Oeste”


La Rambla activity



Ferias activity


Punta del Este activity

“Pearl of the Atlantic“

“the Hamptons of Latin America”


Punta del Este activity





Cabo Polonio activity





Thermal springs activity


Eco-estancias activity


Hector’ s tavern activity

“Uruguayans love beef, mate, soccer, the beach, and relaxing (but they are not lazy)!”


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