uruguay the switzerland of south america
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Uruguay: the Switzerland of South America

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 49

Uruguay: the Switzerland of South America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 195 Views
  • Uploaded on

Uruguay: the Switzerland of South America. Not because of any geographical similarity! 4 times larger than Switzerland highest peak is only 501 m no chocolate or watches! and certainly no Yodeling!. Swiss-like attributes (30-60s): peaceful country with a bountiful economy

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Uruguay: the Switzerland of South America' - jovita


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2

Not because of any geographical similarity!

  • 4 times larger than Switzerland
  • highest peak is only 501 m
  • no chocolate or watches!
  • and certainly no Yodeling!
slide3

Swiss-like attributes (30-60s):

  • peaceful country with a bountiful economy
  • home to South America\'s first democracy
  • cradle-to-grave welfare system
  • urban, homogeneous and educated population

Changes in world trade patterns led Uruguay into economic and political decline: not longer the Switzerland of South America

slide9

Denmark

Albania

Ireland

Lesotho

plus 9 x Andorra

or 9000 Vatican cities!!!

slide10

Brazil

Paraguay

Argentina

?

Spain

Portugal

England

charr as
Charrúas
  • nomadic people
  • fishing and foraging
  • no permanent structures
  • killed explorer Juan Díaz de Solís

during his 1515 voyage up the Río de la Plata

  • 1831: massacred at Salsipuedes ("Get-out-if-you-can")
  • 4 survivors were taken to a museum and died in France
slide12

1680: Portuguese founded Colonia as a rival to Spanish-held Buenos Aires

  • 1726: Spain responded by building its own citadel at Montevideo
  • 1815: the national hero, José Gervasio Artigas, declared independence
  • 1816-1820: Portuguese captured Montevideo and Artigas fled to Paraguay
  • 1821: Uruguay was annexed to Brazil
slide13

1825: “33 orientales" ("33 Easterners") issued a declaration of independence

  • Uruguay\'s first president, Rivera: the Colorados party (reds).
  • The second president, Oribe: the Blancos party (whites)
  • 1903-1929: President Batlle y Ordóñez: welfare state funded by meat and wool exports: “the Switzerland of South America”
  • 1950s: decline as successive governments struggled to maintain a large bureaucracy and social benefits
slide14

1960s: political and social crisis and left-wing terrorist activity

1973: military dictators control government, thousands of prisoners

1985: the brutal military regime ended; political and civil rights were restored

1980-90s: reforms to reduce inflation and public sector, and privatization

2002: recession and budget deficit, a growing public debt, and a weakening of the peso on international markets

2004: first victory of a left party: Socialist Broad Front won

slide15

Population

  • white 94% (European)
  • mestizo 6%
  • amerindian nonexistent
  • estimated 600,000 Uruguayans emigrated
  • Spain, Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Australia and USA
  • Roman Catholic (62%)
  • Protestant (4%)
  • Jewish (3%),
  • nonprofessing group (31%)
education
Education
  • High literacy rate
  • Compulsory for students aged 6–11
  • Free at all levels
  • Montevideo: centre for higher education
  • The University of the Republic (1849): distinguished medical school
  • that draws students from the region
  • Vocational training: Labour University of Uruguay (1878)
  • Catholic University of Uruguay (1985): prominent private institution
  • Discrepancy between university training and job opportunities
  • Substantial level of emigration of the best-educated young professionals
slide17

March to June 60-70F

December to March 80-100F

June to September 40-60F

September to December 60-70F

slide18

August 2005

  • 120 miles/h wind
  • 20,000 lost electricity and telephone
  • airport was shut down
  • 7 people killed
economy
Economy
  • Gross domestic product: U$11,646 (ranked 61st)
  • Unemployment rate: 10.8%
  • External debt: $11.4 billion
  • Exports: $ 4.0 billion
    • Meat, rice, leather products, dairy, wool, electricity
    • Brazil , US, Argentina, China, Germany, Russia, Mexico
  • Imports: $4.5 billion
    • Vehicles, electrical and industrial machinery, metals, petroleum
    • Brazil, Argentina, US, Paraguay, China, Venezuela
economy1
Economy
  • Tourism
    • Seaside resorts
    • Punta del Este: jet set playground of South America
    • Ecotourism
    • International cruises: October to March
    • Montevideo: Mercosur secretariat,
      • Common Market of the South (Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)
  • Software and consulting
    • well-educated workforce and lower wages: IT field
    • Tata Group: headquarters for the Spanish speaking world
  • “Zona America” Business and Technology Park
  • Financial and educational center for the Mercosur ???
slide26

Tango

Carlos Gardel

soccer two world cups
Soccer: Two world Cups
  • 1930: vs Argentina 4-2
  • 1950: vs Brazil 2-1
    • Maracana stadium
    • Maracanazo: "The Maracana Blow“
    • one of the biggest upsets in football history
slide31

“Monte vide eu”

“Monte VI De Este a Oeste”

slide36

Punta del Este

“Pearl of the Atlantic“

“the Hamptons of Latin America”

slide49

Hector’ s tavern

“Uruguayans love beef, mate, soccer, the beach, and relaxing (but they are not lazy)!”

ad