Chapter 13 - The Rise of the Middle Ages Section 5: The Power of the Church

Chapter 13 - The Rise of the Middle Ages Section 5: The Power of the Church PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Throughout the Middle Ages, the churchwas one of the few sources of leadershipand stability that people could rely upon.One historian has noted that ?The continuity and the authority of the Church of Rome stood out in marked contrastagainst the short-lived kingdoms whichrose and fell in the

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Chapter 13 - The Rise of the Middle Ages Section 5: The Power of the Church

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1. Chapter 13 - The Rise of the Middle Ages Section 5: The Power of the Church

2. Throughout the Middle Ages, the church was one of the few sources of leadership and stability that people could rely upon. One historian has noted that “The continuity and the authority of the Church of Rome stood out in marked contrast against the short-lived kingdoms which rose and fell in the early Middle Ages.” As a result, the Catholic church became one of medieval Europe’s most powerful and enduring institutions.

4. I. Religion in the Middle Ages Medieval church had broad political power, performed many government functions

5. I. Religion in the Middle Ages By 1200s, the church was a leading landowner and wealthiest institution in Europe

6. I. Religion in the Middle Ages Clergy was organized in strict hierarchy of rank –parish priest was at bottom

7. I. Religion in the Middle Ages Priests directly served people in parish; administered five of the seven sacraments

8. I. Religion in the Middle Ages Bishops managed a diocese; performed sacraments of confirmation and holy orders

9. I. Religion in the Middle Ages Kings or nobles selected bishops based on family connections or political power

10. I. Religion in the Middle Ages Archbishops managed a group of several dioceses called an archdiocese

11. I. Religion in the Middle Ages Cardinals most important and powerful clergy; advised pope on legal and spiritual matters

12. I. Religion in the Middle Ages Pope held supreme authority during his pontificate; head of ecclesiastical courts; power to excommunicate

13. I. Religion in the Middle Ages 1054 - Bishop of Constantinople rejected Pope Leo IX’s authority; excommunication split church into Roman Catholics and Orthodox

14. II. Monasticism Monasticism - life in religious communities; monks in monasteries and nuns in convents

15. II. Monasticism Monks and nuns served God through fasting, prayer, and self-denial

16. II. Monasticism Benedict established monastery in the 500s; Benedictine Rule governed monks’ lives

17. II. Monasticism Benedictine Rule abandoned in 900s after rulers began appointing unqualified abbots

18. II. Monasticism New monastery at Cluny, France, reestablished Benedictine Rule; became most influential monastery in Europe

19. III. The Church and Medieval Life Church leaders were feudal lords and political advisors; popes held political and spiritual power over monarchs

20. III. The Church and Medieval Life The church had the power to tax; parish priests collected a tithe - one-tenth of a person’s income

21. III. The Church and Medieval Life Major problems in the church were lay investiture and simony

22. III. The Church and Medieval Life Heretics - people who denied the church’s principles

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