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ACSM TA KENYA’S Experience. By Jane Nyangara Onteri Programme officer Division of Leprosy, TB and Lung disease ACSM at country level sub-group Working Group Meeting At Southern Sun Hotel- Cape Town 5 th -6 th November 2007. Kenya. Background.

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ACSM TA KENYA’S Experience

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Acsm ta kenya s experience

ACSM TA KENYA’S Experience


Jane Nyangara Onteri

Programme officer

Division of Leprosy, TB and Lung disease

ACSM at country level sub-group Working Group Meeting


Southern Sun Hotel- Cape Town

5th -6th November 2007





  • Republic of Kenya covers an area 582,646 sq kms

  • About 80% of its land is arid or semi-arid and is sparsely populated

  • Population was projected to be 33, 829, 590 (est. 2005):

  • Life expectancy had dropped from 56.8 years in 1992 to 51 years in 2004 due to the AIDS epidemic

  • GDP (2006 est.): $22.79 billion

  • Annual economic growth rate (2006): 6.1%

  • Gross national income per capita (2006): $455

Background cont

Background cont.

  • Kenya is ranked 10th among the world’s 22 countries with a high TB burden.

  • Kenya’s TB burden and rates have increased dramatically — a more than tenfold increase from 10,000 in 1987 to 115,234 in 2006.

  • Case notification rate increased from 110 per 100,000 population in 1987 to 325 per 100,000 in 2006

Background cont1

Background cont.

  • TB treatment success rate stands at about 81% as of 2005

  • TB case detection rate of sputum smear positive cases (SS+) has remained low, at about 45% (WHO, 2007)

Acsm task force


  • Formed in 2005

  • Terms of reference are:

    • To develop strategies for the implementation of ACSM activities

    • To promote multi-stakeholder involvement in the implementation of ACSM activities

Acsm task force tors cont

ACSM Task Force TORs Cont.

  • To develop suitable health care worker training programs, training manuals/guides and other materials to promote best practices in the implementation of ACSM activities

  • To develop suitable indicators for monitoring and evaluation of ACSM activities

  • To hold quarterly ACSM review meetings

The acsm task force cont

The ACSM TASK Force Cont--

  • TASK Force Membership

    • DLTLD-Focal persons for ACSM (MOH)

    • DLTLD-Focal person for CB-DOTS (MOH)

    • PATH (Partner)

    • FHI (Partner)

    • AMREF (Partner)

    • NASCOP (MOH)

    • PSI (Partner)

    • NEPHAK (Partner)

    • Division of Environmental Health (MOH)

    • Division of Health promotion (MOH)

Ta for acsm


  • For formation of Task force

  • Development of R5 GFATM

  • Development of advocacy and communication strategy documents

  • Development of overall TB strategic plan 2006-2010.

  • Development of TB M&E framework

Tools developed for acsm

Tools developed for ACSM

  • National TB/HIV Communication strategy was developed and launched (Lights of Hope)

  • DLTLD National strategic plan -2006 to 2010 developed (issues on ACSM addressed)

  • Monitoring and Evaluation framework for DLTLD has been developed (ACSM Addressed)

  • Development of the National Advocacy Strategy to Fight TB/HIV is in progress (draft is available)

  • TB community sensitization guide for community, business and religious leaders (Draft available)

National communication strategy

The communication strategy was developed and launched March 2007 (Lights of Hope)

It addresses issues of symptoms, diagnosis and treatment and communication channels

National Communication strategy

National advocacy strategy

National Strategy to Fight TB/HIV draft is available

It address issues of policy,

stakeholders/development partners,

TB/HIV collaboration

human resource and logistics

National Advocacy strategy



  • ACSM is funded by GFATM round 5

  • The main objectives in the Round five proposal were:

    • To advocate for development of supportive policies and increased funding for TB programs

    • To increase awareness and knowledge on TB and reduce its associated stigma in the general public and people with TB/HIV

Funding cont

Funding cont.

  • To mobilise the community and build its capacity to respond to the TB epidemic

  • To monitor and evaluate ACSM Activities

  • Apart from Global fund and GOK, the program also receive funds from CDC and WHO for ACSM activities

  • Acsm achievements

    ACSM Achievements

    • Advocacy

      • TB/HIV advocacy strategy draft is in progress

      • A task force on ACSM formed, functioning and meets on quarterly basis

    • Communication

      • TB/HIV communication strategy has been developed and disseminated

      • Mass media campaign on going

      • Magnet theatre trainings going on –Over 600 persons trained on TB/HIV

      • Quarterly newspaper advertisement done and on going

      • Production of IEC materials- Posters, Brochures, T-shirts, pamphlets, leaflets, flyers, stickers, spin wheels

    Achievements cont

    Achievements cont.

    • Social Mobilization

      • Public health Officers sensitized on ACSM- 73 /80 districts(91.25%)

      • Civic and religious leaders sensitized in 32/80 districts(40%)

      • Training and retaining of TB ambassadors on going

      • Peer to peer education at workplace on going- about 599 persons from different companies trained on TB/HIV

      • Survey on private DOTs providers offering low cost TB services and those willing to do so on going

    Specific activities 1 mass media campaign 2007

    Specific Activities 1.Mass Media campaign 2007

    • TV - Citizen, KTN, NTV between 8pm - 9pm

    • Makutano Junction a TV 30 minutes program supported by CDC on going.

    • Radio spots- Citizen, Easy, Ramogi, Inooro, Kameme, Simba and Mulembe. Time: between 6am - 9am and 4pm - 7pm

    • Radio 30 minutes call in show – 12 shows done with 12 TB/HIV topics

    • Print – Nation, Taifa leo and Standard Newspapers

    Mass media campaign cont

    Mass media campaign cont.

    New paper adverts

    New paper adverts

    Newspaper adverts cont

    Newspaper adverts cont.

    Newspaper advert

    Newspaper advert

    2 iec materials produced

    2. IEC Materials produced

    3 t shirts

    3. T-shirts

    Monitoring and evaluation

    Monitoring and Evaluation

    • Campaign placement is being monitored through Steadman’s media monitoring service, to ensure that commercials are aired correctly and according to schedule

    • Support supervision is being offered to the districts and the provinces on ACSM

    • A survey will be carried out on the impact of ASCM activities soon



    • How to increase case detection and treatment success rates

    • Reduction of defaulter rates and out of controls

    • Prevention of emerging MDR-TB

    • How to motivate and increase staff morale

    • How to integrate TB services with other public health services

    • How to build a cohesive provincial and District teams

    • How to reduce TB/HIV stigma

    • Human resource issues such as shortages and training



    • TB progam in Kenya is well managed, working and with continued support that we are currently receiving, we envisage significant reduction of TB cases and hope to reverse the trends

    Let us join hands together and fight tb thanks

    Let us join hands together and fight TBTHANKS

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