Agentless Passives and Diagramming the Passive
Download

Agentless Passives and Diagramming the Passive







Advertisement
/ 15 []
Download Presentation
Comments
jovianne
From:
|  
(119) |   (0) |   (0)
Views: 123 | Added: 10-06-2012
Rate Presentation: 0 0
Description:
Agentless Passives and Diagramming the Passive. Ed McCorduck English 402--Grammar SUNY Cortland http://mccorduck.cortland.edu. slide 2: definition of an agentless passive.
Agentless Passives and Diagramming the Passive

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only and may not be sold or licensed nor shared on other sites. SlideServe reserves the right to change this policy at anytime. While downloading, If for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.











- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -




Slide 1

Agentless Passives and Diagramming the Passive

Ed McCorduck

English 402--Grammar

SUNY Cortland

http://mccorduck.cortland.edu

Slide 2

slide 2: definition of an agentless passive

“agentless” passives – sentences in the passive voice that don’t have a by phrase, hence in which the subject of the active-voice equivalent (i.e., the “agent”) is not given

English 402: Grammar

Slide 3

slide 3: examples of passive sentences without expressed agents

exx

Nuclear weapons are made from fissible materials.

= (Scientists) make nuclear weapons from fissible materials.

My pet scorpion has been stolen.

= (Someone/somebody/a crook) has stolen my pet scorpion.

Saddam was acclaimed a Sunni national hero.

= (People/They) acclaimed Saddam a national hero.

English 402: Grammar

Slide 4

slide 4: difference between “normal” passive sentences and agentless passives

Therefore, unlike the “normal” derivation of a passive sentence from an active-voice one as we saw in “The Passive Voice” lecture, in the derivation of an agentless passive we must assume that there always is an actual, indefinite agent, i.e., a subject of the active sentence, even if this is not expressed through a by phrase in the passive:

English 402: Grammar

Slide 5

slide 5: derivation of a passive sentence with an expressed agent (a by phrase)

active:

The cut-rate hospital discards the body parts every evening.

subj pres + MV (discard) dir obj ADV

passive:

The body parts are discarded by the cut-rate hospital every evening.

dir obj pres + be + -en +MV (discard) subj ADV

English 402: Grammar

Slide 6

slide 6: derivation of an agentless passive

cf.

active (with indefinite subject):

Somebody/A lackey discards the body parts every evening.

subj pres + MV (discard) dir obj ADV

agentless passive:

The body parts are discarded every evening.

dir obj pres + be + -en +MV (discard) ADV

English 402: Grammar

Slide 7

slide 7: how by phrases are handled in Reed-Kellogg diagrams

In Reed-Kellogg diagrams of passive sentences, since by is a preposition a by phrase is diagrammed like any other prepositional phrase, that is, the head preposition by is given on a slanted line connected to the predicate on the main horizontal line and the slanted line connects to a horizontal line parallel with the main horizontal line on which is the head of the NP that corresponds to the agent in the active.

English 402: Grammar

Slide 8

slide 5: derivation of another passive sentence with an expressed agent (a by phrase)

ex

active: The girl decked the boy. (Pattern VII)

subj past + MV (deck) dir obj

passive: The boy was decked by the girl.

dir obj past + be + -en + MV (deck) subj

English 402: Grammar

Slide 9

Reed-Kellogg diagram of The girl decked the boy:

slide 9: Reed-Kellogg of the active sentence in slide 8

English 402: Grammar

Slide 10

Reed-Kellogg diagram of The boy was decked by the girl:

slide 10: Reed-Kellogg of the passive sentence in slide 8

English 402: Grammar

Slide 11

slide 11: review of how to make passives of Pattern VIII sentences

Recall from slide 19 of “The Passive Voice” lecture that in passive sentences derived from Pattern VIII active sentences, i.e., ones in which there is both a direct and an indirect object, either the direct object of the active equivalent (the “patient”) or the indirect object in the active can be made the subject of the passive sentence:

English 402: Grammar

Slide 12

slide 12: alternative active and passive versions of a Pattern VIII sentence

active:

Virgil shows Dante Hell and Purgatory.

indir obj dir obj

Virgil shows Hell and Purgatory to Dante.

dir obj indir obj

passive:

Hell and Purgatory are shown to Dante by Virgil.

Dante is shown Hell and Purgatory by Virgil.

English 402: Grammar

Slide 13

Here is the Reed-Kellogg diagram of the first of these passive equivalents, Hell and Purgatory are shown to Dante by Virgil:

slide 13: Reed-Kellogg diagram of one of the passives in slide 12

English 402: Grammar

Slide 14

Here is the Reed-Kellogg diagram of the passive sentence Throckmorton had been thought totally incorrigible by the townsfolk which is derived from the Pattern IX active sentence The townsfolk thought Throckmorton totally incorrigible which contains an adjectival object complement (the adjective phrase totally incorrigible):

slide 14: Reed-Kellogg diagram of a passive derived from a Pattern IX sentence

English 402: Grammar

Slide 15

Finally, here is the Reed-Kellogg diagram of the agentless passive sentence My pet scorpion has been stolen given in slide 3 above :

slide 15: Reed-Kellogg diagram of an agentlesspassive sentence

Note of course that the diagram does not contain a by phrase since, as in the sentence itself, the agent is not expressed.

English 402: Grammar


Copyright © 2014 SlideServe. All rights reserved | Powered By DigitalOfficePro