Universities and rto s future cooperation needs
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Universities and RTO ’ s: Future cooperation needs. Ramon Marimon Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona EARTO, March 3, 2006, Lisbon . What we have missed. The University was an European invention

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Universities and RTO ’ s: Future cooperation needs

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Universities and rto s future cooperation needs

Universities and RTO’s: Future cooperation needs

Ramon Marimon

Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

EARTO, March 3, 2006, Lisbon

Ramon Marimon


What we have missed

What we have missed

  • The University was an European invention

  • But the Research-Entrepreneurial University has been, possibly, the most profitable US invention in the 20th Century

  • There is no much need to talk about –say, MIT, or Stanford, or Giorgia-Tech– RTO cooperation…

  • The main EU University-RTO cooperation need is to make the EU universities open and competitive

    to make them Research-Entrepreneurial Universities!

Ramon Marimon


The problem is not

The problem is not

  • That EU does not produce PhDs in Science and Engineering

  • That there is no private investment in University R&D

  • That there is no European demand for frontier research

  • That SMEs do not cooperate

  • That there are not EU positive University-RTO experiences

Ramon Marimon


If anything eu produces more phds in s e

If anything EU produces more PhDs in S&E

Ramon Marimon


There is private investment

There is private investment

In fact, relative private investment in university R&D is not lower in EU (6,6%) than in US (US 4,5%) EC, Key Figures 2005.

and R&D/GDP performed in universities is not lower in EU (0,44%) than in US (0,43%)

Ramon Marimon


Except that part of the demand is fulfilled overseas

Except that part of the demand is fulfilled overseas…

  • Novartis is moving its main R&D to Cambridge, US (to be closer to more than one hundred research groups…)

Ramon Marimon


And europe continues to invest more on r d abroad

and Europe continues to invest more on R&D abroad

Ramon Marimon


True smes play a larger role in eu r d

True, SMEs play a larger role in EU R&D

Ramon Marimon


But they also know how to cooperate

But they also know how to cooperate…

Ramon Marimon


True cooperation has improved and we have positive experiences

True, cooperation has improved and we have positive experiences

  • From Framework Programmes (although NofE has not been a good instrument for cooperation)

  • From the development of University based Science and Technology Parks

  • From closer links of Technology Centers with Universities

  • From a need to “outsource firms’ R&D”

  • From greater awareness, e.g., EARTO!

Ramon Marimon


But the global picture is weak

But, the global picture is weak

  • Private funding on higher education (/GDP) is much lower in EU (0,20%) than in US (1,77%)

    and this lack of private funding is not offset by a higher public funding in EU (1,08%) vs. US (1,48%).

  • Under funded universities are poor partners; particularly poor if universities

    • do not properly reward those who bring in a successful cooperation

    • do not have structures that allow for stable partnerships with industry (with IPR agreements)

    • confuse cooperation with ‘faculty consulting,’

      or a way to get public (e.g., FP7) funding

Ramon Marimon


The solution is not

The solution is not

  • To increase, across the border, public university funding

  • Set up ‘European MITs’ (e.g., Italy, Austria, EIT,…)

Although they may help

Ramon Marimon


But to change the university accountability reward structure

But to change the University accountability & reward structure

  • For the same universities, making them compete for resources: students, competitive R&D funds, cooperative RTO agreements

  • For the centers and departments, within them, making them compete in their fields

  • For the faculty and researchers, making them more mobile and productive

Ramon Marimon


And resources will align with quality

and resources will align with quality…

making & allowing all of them compete at the EU, and global knowledge society, level

setting more public funds on a competitive basis

Ramon Marimon


Us universities research rank vs resources per student

US Universities: research rank vs. resources (per student)

resources

Source: The Lombardi Program on Measuring University Performance 2002; The Center

rank

Ramon Marimon


Universities and rto s future cooperation needs1

Universities and RTO’s: Future cooperation needs

  • There are many specific needs that ‘need’ to be accounted for: IPR agreements, better mutual knowledge of capabilities and needs, etc.

  • But, in my opinion, there is one major need…

Ramon Marimon


To change the social contract of cooperation

To change the ‘social contract of cooperation’

  • From a ‘short sighted’ contract in which

    • universities see cooperation as an immediate source for cash

    • firms, and other RTOs, see cooperation as a cheap & easy source of knowledge

    • both sides see it as minor activity

    • both sides are uninterested on the other’s major activity (e.g., education vs. products)

Ramon Marimon


Universities and rto s cooperation

Universities and RTO’s cooperation

  • To a ‘long sighted’ contract in which

    • both sides see cooperation as part of the process of knowledge creation

    • both sides see the long term rewards of strengthening education and the economy

    • there is no much need to talk about

Ramon Marimon


University accountability reward governance structures

University accountability & reward (& governance) structures!

  • For most EU universities, such ‘long sighted’ contract requires a reform of their

Ramon Marimon


Thanks

Thanks!

Ramon Marimon


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