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Universities and RTO ’ s: Future cooperation needs. Ramon Marimon Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona EARTO, March 3, 2006, Lisbon . What we have missed. The University was an European invention

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universities and rto s future cooperation needs

Universities and RTO’s: Future cooperation needs

Ramon Marimon

Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

EARTO, March 3, 2006, Lisbon

Ramon Marimon

what we have missed
What we have missed
  • The University was an European invention
  • But the Research-Entrepreneurial University has been, possibly, the most profitable US invention in the 20th Century
  • There is no much need to talk about –say, MIT, or Stanford, or Giorgia-Tech– RTO cooperation…
  • The main EU University-RTO cooperation need is to make the EU universities open and competitive

to make them Research-Entrepreneurial Universities!

Ramon Marimon

the problem is not
The problem is not
  • That EU does not produce PhDs in Science and Engineering
  • That there is no private investment in University R&D
  • That there is no European demand for frontier research
  • That SMEs do not cooperate
  • That there are not EU positive University-RTO experiences

Ramon Marimon

there is private investment
There is private investment

In fact, relative private investment in university R&D is not lower in EU (6,6%) than in US (US 4,5%) EC, Key Figures 2005.

and R&D/GDP performed in universities is not lower in EU (0,44%) than in US (0,43%)

Ramon Marimon

except that part of the demand is fulfilled overseas
Except that part of the demand is fulfilled overseas…
  • Novartis is moving its main R&D to Cambridge, US (to be closer to more than one hundred research groups…)

Ramon Marimon

true cooperation has improved and we have positive experiences
True, cooperation has improved and we have positive experiences
  • From Framework Programmes (although NofE has not been a good instrument for cooperation)
  • From the development of University based Science and Technology Parks
  • From closer links of Technology Centers with Universities
  • From a need to “outsource firms’ R&D”
  • From greater awareness, e.g., EARTO!

Ramon Marimon

but the global picture is weak
But, the global picture is weak
  • Private funding on higher education (/GDP) is much lower in EU (0,20%) than in US (1,77%)

and this lack of private funding is not offset by a higher public funding in EU (1,08%) vs. US (1,48%).

  • Under funded universities are poor partners; particularly poor if universities
    • do not properly reward those who bring in a successful cooperation
    • do not have structures that allow for stable partnerships with industry (with IPR agreements)
    • confuse cooperation with ‘faculty consulting,’

or a way to get public (e.g., FP7) funding

Ramon Marimon

the solution is not
The solution is not
  • To increase, across the border, public university funding
  • Set up ‘European MITs’ (e.g., Italy, Austria, EIT,…)

Although they may help

Ramon Marimon

but to change the university accountability reward structure
But to change the University accountability & reward structure
  • For the same universities, making them compete for resources: students, competitive R&D funds, cooperative RTO agreements
  • For the centers and departments, within them, making them compete in their fields
  • For the faculty and researchers, making them more mobile and productive

Ramon Marimon

and resources will align with quality
and resources will align with quality…

making & allowing all of them compete at the EU, and global knowledge society, level

setting more public funds on a competitive basis

Ramon Marimon

us universities research rank vs resources per student
US Universities: research rank vs. resources (per student)

resources

Source: The Lombardi Program on Measuring University Performance 2002; The Center

rank

Ramon Marimon

universities and rto s future cooperation needs1
Universities and RTO’s: Future cooperation needs
  • There are many specific needs that ‘need’ to be accounted for: IPR agreements, better mutual knowledge of capabilities and needs, etc.
  • But, in my opinion, there is one major need…

Ramon Marimon

to change the social contract of cooperation
To change the ‘social contract of cooperation’
  • From a ‘short sighted’ contract in which
    • universities see cooperation as an immediate source for cash
    • firms, and other RTOs, see cooperation as a cheap & easy source of knowledge
    • both sides see it as minor activity
    • both sides are uninterested on the other’s major activity (e.g., education vs. products)

Ramon Marimon

universities and rto s cooperation
Universities and RTO’s cooperation
  • To a ‘long sighted’ contract in which
    • both sides see cooperation as part of the process of knowledge creation
    • both sides see the long term rewards of strengthening education and the economy
    • there is no much need to talk about

Ramon Marimon

university accountability reward governance structures
University accountability & reward (& governance) structures!
  • For most EU universities, such ‘long sighted’ contract requires a reform of their

Ramon Marimon

thanks
Thanks!

Ramon Marimon

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