Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure
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Topic 9: In the Flow: Resource Discovery and Disclosure 第 九 讲 :资源的发现与公开. Lorcan Dempsey. THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY: in the flow: resource discovery and disclosure. 4. Lorcan Dempsey, O C LC.

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Topic 9: In the Flow: Resource Discovery and Disclosure 第 九 讲 :资源的发现与公开

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Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

Topic 9: In the Flow: Resource Discovery and Disclosure第九讲:资源的发现与公开

Lorcan Dempsey


The university library in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY:in the flow: resource discovery and disclosure

4

  • Lorcan Dempsey, OCLC


Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

Attention switchThen: Resources scarce; attention abundant. Now: Attention scarce; resources abundant.

Workflow switchThen: Expect workflows to be built around myservice. Now: Build services around workflows


Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

“….. mere availability is meaningless ….. “*

….. getting in the flow…..

* This Psychologist Might Outsmart the Math Brains Competing for the Netflix Prize

http://www.wired.com/techbiz/media/magazine/16-03/mf_netflix?currentPage=1


The power of pull

The power of pull


The power of pull1

  • We all talk loosely about information overload and assume that this is the real problem. In fact, we live in a world of increasing knowledge scarcity. The most valuable knowledge is in very short supply and is extremely hard to access. Information overload is a distraction. As we discussed in earlier chapters, in a world of accelerating change, the most valuable knowledge is highly distributed and may be embedded in the heads of people who are not well known and who are difficult to identify. [...]

The power of pull


Trends

Trends

  • Users expect discovery and delivery to coincide

  • Usage of portable Internet-capable devices is expanding

  • Users increasingly rely on nontraditional information objects

  • Discovery increasingly happens through recommending

  • Users are discovering relevant resources outside traditional library systems

U Minnesota Discoverability

Discoverability Phase 1 final report. http://z.umn.edu/disco1


Findings

Findings

  • Catalogs and web sites still seeing significant use

  • Some evidence of slowing growth in web traffic, usage is shallow

  • Google is the single greatest source of traffic to our sites and applications

  • SFX link resolver is as frequently used as our catalogs or websites

  • More than 75% of requests to SFX originate externally (Google

  • Scholar, PubMed, etc.)

U Minnesota discoverability

Discoverability Phase 1 final report. http://z.umn.edu/disco1


Principles

Principles

  • Discovery should be organized around users rather than collections or systems. This organization should be based on realistic, evidence-based models of our users and their research tasks.

  • Making collections discoverable requires optimizing for access by

  • local and non-local user populations; being good stewards of

  • our collections means participating in cooperative ventures

  • that provide broad access to our collections.

  • Users are successfully discovering relevant resources through non-library systems (e.g., general web searches, e-commerce sites, and social networking applications). We need to ensure that items in our collections and licensed resources are discoverable in non-library environments.

U Minnesota discoverability

Discoverability Phase 1 final report. http://z.umn.edu/disco1


Discovery

Discovery

  • Collections

  • Website, repositories, … SEO

  • People, expertise, …

  • Services

Not just collections: the full range of what the library has to offer ….


Overview

Overview

  • Social

  • Being visible in a network environment: the power of pull

  • Discovery and disclosure

  • The website is not the sole focus of attention


Social

Social

  • Access:

  • the ability to find people and resources when they are needed. Increasingly at the network level.

  • Attractvaluable and relevant people and resources to you :

  • Social networking, conferences, location in relevant geographic spikes (Nashville for country music) are important here, as is the ability to be open to and develop relationships through serendipitous encounter.

  • Achieve:

  •  learning more effectively and translating that learning into improved performance.

The power of pull


The power of pull2

  • These people and the knowledge flows they generate can then become effective filters for information more broadly. By harnessing social media such as blogs, social-network platforms, and wikis, we can begin to rely on these mechanisms to expose ourselves to information that has been curated and passed on by these people. Since we deeply understand their contexts and passions, we can begin to determine when their recommendations are most reliable and increase our return on attention for both the tacit knowledge they offer and the information they recommend to us. Our personal social and professional networks will be far more effective in filtering relevant knowledge and information than any broader social-technology tools we might access.

The power of pull


Social1

social

  • Attract

  • Recommend

  • Build community around social objects (e.g Flickr)


Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

  • Getting into the flow

  • Not just providing a way to interact with resources …

  • … but a way of making yourself visible and attracting resources to you.


Flickr commons

Flickr commons

  • A good example, however, of increased awareness of the Smithsonian's collections comes from the Smithsonian Libraries' "Portraits of Scientists“ set on Flickr. These photographs of 19th and early 20th century scientists and inventors have been available on the Smithsonian Libraries' website since 2003. Though a popular and cited Web resource, in the three months that the photographs had been on Flickr, they received nearly as many visits as during the previous five years on the Smithsonian site. As an indicator of level of interaction, 55% of photos have comments and 89% have been "favorited".Read more: Rethinking Evaluation Metrics in Light of Flickr Commons | conference.archimuse.com


Expertise

Expertise

  • Visibility

  • If the library wishes to be seen as expert then its expertise must be visible

  • Example: ‘indexing’ librarians at U Michigan

People are entry points


Attracting

Attracting ..

  • Professor/Dean Blogs

  • Twitter

  • Youtube

  • iTunes U

  • Student blogs


Discovery and disclosure

Discovery and disclosure

  • Direct discovery

  • Library provides discovery services to its resources

  • Indirect discovery

  • Discovery happens elsewhere, so library leverages third party environments to support discovery.

  • Disclosure

  • A new focus on syndication, SEO, APIs, etc, to support new forms of discovery

3 things to look at: 2 modes of discoveryand disclosure


Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

  • Ithaka S+R

  • Heterick, B. and Hanson, C. Bringing the Library to the User: Integrating Local Web-Scale Discovery Services in ‘Non-Library Provided’ Discovery Points. http://www.cni.org/tfms/2011a.spring/Abstracts/PB-bringing-heterick.html


Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

Outside in Bought, licensed

Increased consolidation

Growth in licensed

Move from print to licensed

Aim:to discover

In Many Collections

Licensed

Purchased

High Stewardship

Low Stewardship

Inside out

Institutional assets: special collections, research and learning materials, institutional records, …

Increasingly important?Aim:to*have*discovered …

In Few Collections


Direct discovery

Direct discovery

  • Direct

  • Outside in

  • Integrated access to library collections

Library access to collections

Consumer

InfoProvider

Library


Direct discovery1

Direct discovery

  • Fragmented: databases, catalog, …..

  • Metasearch: a layer of integration over distributed resources

  • Discovery layer: centralised index, cloud based

Trend towards integration and the cloud


Indirect discovery

Indirect discovery

  • Indirect

  • Attract users to library by being positioned ‘in the flow’

  • Widgets, apps

  • Resolution, …

Discovery happens elsewhere …

Library

Network Flow

InfoProvider

Consumer


In the flow

In the flow ..

Network level

Variety of workflow tools

  • Student portal

  • Course management system

  • Reading list

  • Refworks, …

  • VIVO, OSU Pro, …

Build around workflow

  • Mendeley

  • Google

  • Amazon

  • Flickr

  • iTunes

  • Wikipedia

  • Twitter

  • Facebook


Remember

Remember …

Beyond the mobile web. Stephanie Rieger. http://www.slideshare.net/yiibu/beyond-themobilewebbyyiibu


Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

  • LSE

  • Library widgets in Moodle.


Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

  • U Cambridge

  • Sakai based learning management environment.

  • Library widgets.


Topic 9 in the flow resource discovery and disclosure

A web index for books?

Link through to library resources through Worldcat and other union catalogs


Disclosure

Disclosure

  • Disclosure and syndication – inside out

  • Institutional assets – website, repositories, …

  • Holdings – knowledge base, catalog (e.g. Google Scholar)

Make sure that resources are visible in the flow

Network Flow

Consumer

InfoProvider

Library


Disclosure1

Disclosure

  • Strategic content alliance

  • A set of materials to advise on how to create an effective web presence.

  • SEO

  • Metadata

  • Structureetc ….

Effective web presence


Disclosure2

Disclosure

  • • General metadata aggregations (examples: WorldCat; Google Scholar; OAIster; Primo Central; Google)

  • • General data object aggregations (examples: HathiTrust; Wikipedia; Internet Archive; Flickr Commons)

  • • Disciplinary aggregations (examples: AgEcon Search; ArXiv (for physics); EarthPrints)

  • • Form aggregations (examples: Digital Dissertations; MERLOT (learning objects); ArtSTOR; ArchiveGrid)

  • • Topical aggregations (examples: Minnesota Reflections; EthicShare)

External data aggregators fit in to several categories:

Discoverability Phase 2 Final Report. http://purl.umn.edu/99734


Some directions

Some directions

  • Attracting ….

  • Social networking strategies for the library

  • Accessing …

  • Think of what discovery tools are effective for particular resources

  • Disclosing …

  • Think of what needs to be done to put resources in the flow


Some references

Some references

  • Hagel, J. ., & Singer, M. (January 01, 1999). Unbundling the corporation. Harvard Business Review, 77, 2)

  • Lederman, D. (March 21, 2011). From modernist to modern. Inside Higher Ed.

  • ARL Member Library Profiles. http://www.arl.org/stats/index/profiles/index.shtml

  • Walter, Scott. (January, 2011). “Distinctive Signifiers of Excellence”: Library Services and the Future of the Academic Library. College & Research Libraries, 72:6-8

  • Hagel, J., Brown, J. S., & Davison, L. (2010). The power of pull: How small moves, smartly made, can set big things in motion. New York: Basic Books

  • Hanson, C. et al. (March 13, 2009) Discoverability Phase 1 Final Report. http://purl.umn.edu/48258

  • Hanson, C. et al. (February 04, 2011) Discoverability Phase 2 Final Report. http://purl.umn.edu/99734

  • Ellenberg, J. (January 01, 2008). The Netflix Challenge - A USD million prize for building a better recommendation engine is luring the biggest math brains around. Meet the psychologist who just might outsmart them all. Wired, 16, 3, 114

  • Heterick, B. and Hanson, C. Bringing the Library to the User: Integrating Local Web-Scale Discovery Services in ‘Non-Library Provided’ Discovery Points. http://www.cni.org/tfms/2011a.spring/Abstracts/PB-bringing-heterick.html

Sidorko, P. (October, 2009). Planning for a shared research archive: the Hong Kong experience (PDF)

http://www.varastokirjasto.fi/Kuopio3/programme.htm


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