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WASH SMS and Indonesia WATER SMS Pilot. Meena Palaniappan. Pacific Institute ’ s International Water and Communities Initiative - Goals.

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WASH SMS and Indonesia WATER SMS Pilot

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Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

WASH SMS and

Indonesia WATER SMS Pilot

Meena Palaniappan


Pacific institute s international water and communities initiative goals

Pacific Institute’s International Water and Communities Initiative - Goals

  • Release trapped knowledge in the water sector so that it flows to those who need it and bubbles up from communities to support better planning and policymaking.

  • Improve community participation in decision making.

  • Promote sustainability in water and sanitation services.

  • Improve capacity of local governments, community support organizations, and residents.

  • Assist funding organizations in evaluating the most effective approaches to create sustainable change in the water sector.


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

The Current Need in Cities

  • A high percentage of urban residents don’t have access to municipal water sources to meet all of their needs, and must supplement with or rely entirely upon expensive informal water sources

  • Rapid urbanization and inadequate infrastructureincrease water insecurity

  • Climate change is changing where, when, and how much water falls, challenging our ability to plan


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

The Need for the Future

  • Urban poor communities need information they can use to advocate for improved service and access to drinking water

  • Residents need ways to

  • communicate quickly and effectively with local government and water service providers about the current state of water supply, quality, and costs

  • Government and utilities need better information on community needs and the status of water resources in order provide better services, manage their water supplies, and plan for the future


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

WASH SMS Project Goals

  • To create a highly accessible, open-source communication and tracking mechanism that uses messages from mobile phones and email to develop crowd-sourced data in the form of maps and reports for communities, NGOs, water and waste water service providers, and governments agencies.

  • To increase the exchange and monitoring of information among communities, water and sanitation service providers, and government, in order to improve services for the urban poor in developing country cities.


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

Indonesia WATER SMS Pilot Project

Project Partners:

water

civil society

technology

Makassar, Sulawesi

Malang, Java

Designed by:

Current Funders:

The communities, water utilities, local governments and NGOs in the cities of Malang and Makassar


Critical success factors technical and social system design

Critical Success Factors:Technical and Social System Design

Technical System Design

What issues are reported?

What is the format for inputs?

What information is needed?

How do we ensure accurate reports?

What kinds of outputs (dashboards) are produced?

How is data stored?

How is privacy protected?

Social System Design

How do we incentivize reporting?

How can we ensure action is taken on reports made?

How can we support key stakeholders to use the information to create change (development of Standard Procedures for report response for water utility) ?


Identifying multiple pathways to impact

Identifying Multiple Pathways to Impact


Learning session findings

Learning Session Findings

  • Information needs:

    • PDAM services, water quality

    • Water conservation

    • Meter readings/rate structure

  • Water crisis in dry season;

    PDAM service on hold

  • Lack of trust/feelings of discrimination in service provision

  • Lack of effective medium for sending alerts/info to customers, or sending complaints/inquiries to utility


Learning session findings1

Learning Session Findings

  • Residents willing to pay for up to 4 SMS messages

  • Updates by SMS (in addition to web) desired

  • Residents receptive to structured SMS format; Ujung Tanah only sub-district that preferred multiple-choice SMS format over structured; further testing is needed


Malang focus group discussions

Malang Focus Group Discussions

  • Lack of coordination between water providers, utilities, local government agencies

  • All are willing to share more information

  • All desire a communication medium to share information among water managers from improve planning


Makassar focus group discussions

Makassar Focus Group Discussions

  • PDAM is aware of issues with dried reservoir, leaks in old pipe network, and independent access to water resource, but lacks resources to solve these problems quickly

  • Recognized across stakeholder groups that more coordination is needed

  • Other groups are aware of challenges PDAM faces, and want to be supportive while still holding PDAM accountable


Malang multi stakeholder dialogue

Malang Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

Makassar Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue


What information is needed

What Information is Needed?

  • When is water coming? How much?

  • Will there be changes in water services?

  • When will you extend service to us?

  • What is the quality of water?

  • What is the current status of overall water system?

  • How much are people paying for water?

  • Where are there leaks?

  • How many boreholes are there—how far down to groundwater?


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

Role of Indonesia WATER SMS

  • Provide information in an information poor environment

  • Create open communication channels between communities, water market, and water utilities

  • Better understand interconnections in the system

  • Help utilities better plan and extend services

  • Make the urban poor visible so they can’t be ignored by government and utilities


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

SEE

National

Ministries

REPORT

OPEN ACCESS

OPEN ACCESS

Maps and data sets are freely accessible online to anyone with concern, interest or need

Funding

Agencies

Media &

Verifiers

City

Government

Public

NGOs

Utility

Administration

Other Water

Suppliers


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

Role of Indonesia WATER SMS

Cellular

Network

Person sends SMS to

report

Report

relayed to...

Person has

SmellyWater

SMS

sent

to…

WATER SMS

Server

4

1

3

2

5

Independent

Verifiers

City

Government

City, Utility & Verifiers

respond to report and Utility works to repair…

WATER SMS

Website

Utility

Administration


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

Role of Indonesia WATER SMS

Cellular

Network

Responses relayed to…

National

Ministries

WATER SMS

Server

8

7

9

6

Funding

Agencies

Independent

Verifiers

Independent

Verifiers

City

Government

City

Government

City, Utility & Verifiers send their responses to…

WATER SMS

Website

Reports & responses are displayed on website and can be viewed by…

Person who

made initial report

Public

NGOs

Responses sent directly to…

Utility

Administration

Utility

Administration

Other Water

Suppliers


Example of interaction

User: Water

45171: Do you want to submit a report or request?

Report

Get Updates

User: 1

45171: Do you want to register your phone number with the system to follow up on this request?

Yes

No

User: 1

45171: Thank you for registering. What do you want to report?

Leak

No water

Dirty water

Price paid for water

Example of Interaction


Example of interaction continued

User: 2

45171: How long have you been without water?

0-2 days

3-5 days

6-10 days

More than 10 days

User: 2

45171: Where are you located (enter street name, postal code)?

User: Street A, 65122

45171: Thank you for your report.

[Note: Using a postal code to identify location may provide a spatial resolution as low as 1-2 km.]

Total # of SMS Messages: 10

Example of Interaction, continued


Participant dashboards

Accessing

Website

Sent Text

Message

45171: Reports in the 65122 area for the period from 07-01-11 to 08-01-11:

5 leaks

3 water disruptions - trucks

2 water disruptions - terminal

6 water outages – 0-2 days

3 water outages – 3-5 days

1 water outages – 6-10 days

Participant Dashboards

Participant-Generated Data Analysis and Visualization

Locally Relevant Alerts and Location of Reported Problems


Utility dashboard

Utility

Management

Utility Dashboard

Metrics Specific to Utilities: unresolved reports, water loss

Utility Level Reports


City government dashboard

City

Administration

City Government Dashboard

District Summaries from Multiple Utilities and Water Boards

City Level Reports


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

What changes can this make?

  • The WASH SMS Project seeks transform the way mobile phones are used to improve water and sanitation services in Indonesia and around the world in some key ways:

    • Every person can submit information

    • The community has access to and owns the data along with the water utility

    • Democratizes decision-making on basic services so that communities can be involved

    • Brings together residents, public agencies, and the private sector to ensure water security.


Wash sms and indonesia water sms pilot

Thank You

Photos throughout by: A. Darsono, Badri, F. Muslih, and M. Hutchings

Meena Palaniappan, Director

International Water and Communities Initiative

For more information:

www.pacinst.org


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