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Ancient Greek Religion. The Twelve Olympians. The Twelve Olympians. - a family of gods and goddesses. The Twelve Olympians. - a family of gods and goddesses - lived on Mount Olympus. The Twelve Olympians. - a family of gods and goddesses - lived on Mount Olympus

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Ancient Greek Religion

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Ancient Greek Religion


The Twelve Olympians


The Twelve Olympians

- a family of gods and goddesses


The Twelve Olympians

- a family of gods and goddesses

- lived on Mount Olympus


The Twelve Olympians

- a family of gods and goddesses

- lived on Mount Olympus

- each ruled a different area of life or nature


The Twelve Olympians

- a family of gods and goddesses

- lived on Mount Olympus

- each ruled a different area of life or nature

- had human forms and human characteristics


The Twelve Olympians

- a family of gods and goddesses

- lived on Mount Olympus

- each ruled a different area of life or nature

- had human forms and human characteristics

- immortal: lived forever


Zeus- Ruler of all gods and Humanity

• He ruled the Olympians. 

• He was the god of the sky, lightning and  thunder carrying a  thunderbolt as his symbol. 

                                              • He married Hera, his                                                 sister, which was a                                                    family habit.                                               • He fathered many                                                    children with various                                                 goddesses and                                                            mortals.


Hera- Goddess of Marriage & Childbirth

• She was the wife of Zeus

• She was the protector of marriage and the home. 

• She was associated with the peacock, because of her great beauty.

• She and Zeus were always 

  quarreling. 

• She was called the queen of 

  intriguers, a vindictive   and jealous wife, who     frequently tricked her 

  husband, Zeus.


Apollo-  Sun God; God of Music & Poetry

• He was the twin brother of Artemis and the most handsome of the gods.

• He was also the god of the healing arts and of medicine.

• He drove his chariot across the sky to pull the sun each day.

• His son, Phaethon, drives Apollo’s sun chariot with disastrous results.


Artemis- Goddess of Hunting & Wilderness

• She was the twin sister of Apollo.

• She was a huntress, who always carried a silver bow and arrows.

• She ruled over the untamed places of the earth.


Athena- Goddess of Wisdom and War

 • She was born full grown out of the head of Zeus.

• She taught man to use tools and taught his wife to spin and weave.

• She was the best-loved goddess on Olympus.

• She hated Ares, god of war, often defeating him in battle.


Ares- God of War

•He was a ruthless and 

murderous god, who displayed the worst of  humanity’s traits.

• He, along with grief, strife, 

panic, and terror, roams the 

earth.

• Ironically, he was a coward, 

who fled the field of battle.


Aphrodite- Goddess of Love

• She is the goddess of desire born from sea foam. Another myth credits her mother as Dioneand her father as Zeus.

• After all the gods on Mount Olympus courted her,                                                 she married Hephaestus,                                              the ugliest of the gods.

                                          • Because she was judged                                                the most beautiful of all                                                the goddesses on Mount                                                Olympus by Paris, the                                                    other goddesses envied her.


Hermes- Messenger of the Gods

• He was the mischeivous  son of Zeus and Maia. • As a baby, he made a lyre

and pipe for his half- 

brother, Apollo.

• He carried Apollo’s 

golden staff 

and flew around the heavens and earth on 

winged sandals.


Poseidon- God of the Sea and Earthquakes

• He built an underwater palace with a great pearl and coral throne.

• He was a difficult god, changeful and quarrelsome, but created many curious forms for his sea creatures.

• He invented the horse for his sister Demeter, whom he loved.


Demeter- Goddess of Fertility

•She was the goddess of growing things.

• She was the mother of Persephone, whose father was Zeus.

• Her daughter was kidnapped by Hades and taken to the Underworld for six months of the year causing the change of seasons.


Worship of Gods


Worship of Gods

- they gave thanks to the gods, hoping to receive          blessings


Worship of Gods

- they gave thanks to the gods, hoping to recieve          blessings

- tried to avoid angering the gods


Worship of Gods

- each city-state honored one god or goddess

- each city-state had at least one main temple


Worship of Gods

- each city-state honored one god or goddess

- each city-state had at least one main temple


Worship of Gods

- each city-state honored one god or goddess

- each city-state had at least one main temple

- sacrifice animals


Worship of Gods

- each city-state honored one god or goddess

- each city-state had at least one main temple

- sacrifice animals

- offerings of food


Worship of Gods

- festivals


Worship of Gods

-the Olympics: festival for Zeus

    ~ all city-states

    ~ every 4 years


Worship of Gods

-the Olympics: festival for Zeus

    ~ all city-states

    ~ every 4 years


The Oracles

- the Greeks turned to the gods for signs or advice


The Oracles

- the Greeks turned to the gods for signs or advice

- oracles: sacred sites where they believed the gods                    spoke to them


The Oracles

- answers could come through dreams, or spoken          through a priest or priestess


The Oracles

- answers could come through dreams, or spoken          through a priest or priestess

- a gift or offering was 

  required in exchange for an 

  answer


The Oracles

- answers could come through dreams, or spoken          through a priest or priestess

- a gift or offering was 

  required in exchange for an 

  answer

- the answers were often in the

  form of a riddle

                                - famous and powerful leaders                                      would even come to the oracles

                                - the words of the oracles were                                      taken very seriously by all                                          Greeks


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