the russian revolution
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The Russian Revolution. What were the four long term causes of World War I? What were some conditions in the Treaty of Versailles? How did Germany react to these conditions. What is Total War? How is it different? . Warm up. Causes .

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Presentation Transcript
warm up

What were the four long term causes of World War I?

  • What were some conditions in the Treaty of Versailles?
    • How did Germany react to these conditions.
  • What is Total War? How is it different?
Warm up
slide4

Social Inequality- Russia still had a feudal society where the workers were far below the nobles

  • Revolution of 1905
    • Russia lost the Russo-Japanese war- first Asian victory against the west
    • Tsar Nicholas II violently put down protestors
    • A constitutional monarchy was established but soon abolished by the tsar
marxism

Karl Marx believed that the ruling class was always were oppressing the working class

  • Believed that the proletariat should rise in revolution and create a communist gov’t
Marxism
wartime failures

Tsar Nicholas II led the Russian army- failure

  • Rasputin, a Siberian holy man, gained great influence with the royal family and corrupted the gov’t
Wartime Failures
slide8

February Revolution

    • Unhappy citizens took to the streets of St. Petersburg, looking for food
    • Gov’t stopped following the tsar, Nicholas II abdicated the throne
  • A temporary gov’t was undermined by the Marxist Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin
  • October Revolution- Lenin led a revolt against the provisional gov’t
slide10

Lenin outlawed personal property and made Russia a communist country

  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk- made peace with Germany but gave away lots of territory
russian civil war 1918 1921

Russian Civil War (1918-1921)

    • Reds (communists) vs Whites (those opposed)
    • 15 million died as a result of the fighting
    • Reds won but faced economic collapse
  • At the same time, a famine killed many Russians
  • Communist Russia was renamed the Soviet Union (USSR)
Russian Civil War (1918-1921)
slide13

After Lenin died in 1922, two rivals fought for power

    • Leon Trotsky, leader of the Red Army
    • Josef Stalin, leader of the Communist party
russian under stalin

Stalin took power and tried to seize complete control of the USSR

  • He created central plans to govern every element of the economy
  • Great Purge- Stalin killed up to six million of his own people that he believed were plotting against him
Russian Under Stalin
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