Atmospheric greenhouse gas levels
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Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Levels. Estimated global warming potentials relative to CO 2. (Warming effect = kilograms of CO 2 per kilogram of gas). a No single lifetime can be defined for CO 2 due to different rates of uptake by different removal processes.

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Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Levels

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Atmospheric greenhouse gas levels

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Levels


Estimated global warming potentials relative to co 2

Estimated global warming potentials relative to CO2

(Warming effect = kilograms of CO2 per kilogram of gas)

a No single lifetime can be defined for CO2 due to different rates of uptake by different removal processes.

Note: The uncertainty in the global warming potentials is typically about 35%.


Global co 2 budgets billion metric tons year

Global CO2 Budgets (billion metric tons/year)


Atmospheric residence time for a pulse of co 2

Atmospheric Residence Time for a Pulse of CO2


Greenhouse gases for the past 650 000 years

Greenhouse Gases for the Past 650,000 Years


Measured increase in co 2 nitrous oxide methane and cfc s since 1979

Measured Increase in CO2, Nitrous Oxide, Methane and CFC’s Since 1979


Methane beginning to increase after 8 years of stability

Methane Beginning to Increase After 8 Years of Stability

  • From 1999 to 2006 (8 years) the methane abundance has been relatively stable due to industrial changes in Russia, changes in the methods of rice farming, and methane capture from landfill sites.

  • In 2007 the world methane abundance began to increase.

  • Based on carbon isotope analyses the methane is of biogenic origin.

  • The source is probably the release from melting permafrost, and the Siberian Arctic continental slope methane hydrates.

  • We may now be entering a non-linear climate response.


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