SOCIAL INCLUSION IN THE TIME OF CRISIS
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SOCIAL INCLUSION IN THE TIME OF CRISIS Dr Emma Clarence OECD LEED Trento Centre. STRUMENTI DI SVILUPPO LOCALE E DELL’IMPRENDITORIALITA’. Today considering… . Growing social exclusion Role of the social economy Support strategies for the social economy. 2. THE LEED PROGRAMME.

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STRUMENTI DI SVILUPPO LOCALE E DELL’IMPRENDITORIALITA’

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Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

SOCIAL INCLUSION IN THE TIME OF CRISIS

Dr Emma Clarence

OECD LEED Trento Centre

STRUMENTI DI SVILUPPO LOCALE E DELL’IMPRENDITORIALITA’


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Today considering…

  • Growing social exclusion

  • Role of the social economy

  • Support strategies for the social economy

2


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

THE LEED PROGRAMME

Local Economic and Employment Development


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Established in 1982 by 13 Countries, the LEED Programme offers innovative tools for an integrated approach to local development in the fields of:

Employment and Skills

Explores the ways to promote employment and skills development at local and regional levels. Analyses the contribution of both labour market policies and local initiatives, with a focus on governance.

Entrepreneurship

Assess best practice and disseminate information on the policies and programmes implemented at local level to foster entrepreneurship, enterprise promotion, and economic development.

Globalisation and Local Authorities

Studies how local authorities respond to the challenges of globalisation. Examines the initiatives taken by cities and regions to promote and finance economic development, the role of development agencies, and other instruments of economic development.


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Established in 1982 by 13 Countries, the LEED Programme offers innovative tools for an integrated approach to local development in the fields of:

Local Governance and Partnerships

Examines the ways to improve governance through better co-ordination of policies, better adaptation to local needs, and effective participation of civil society and business in their orientation, in order to promote an integrated approach to local development.

Social Innovation

Analyses the role of social enterprises, social entreprensurship and the social economy in generating new economic activity and creating mechanisms of social inclusion. Examines corporate social responsibility, as well as community capacity building, as instruments of social cohesion.


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

LEED…OUR OBJECTIVES

  • To promote the exchange of experience and information and the diffusion of innovation concerning the development of local employment and entrepreneurship and the renewal of local economies.

  • To design the methods for and to undertake the social and economic evaluation of new employment and enterprise initiatives and local economic and social policies.

  • To provide support and assistance for in the design, implementation and assessment of local development strategies, with particular attention to the functioning of local partnerships.


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

WHAT WE DO

  • Peer reviews and reports

  • International conferences

  • Capacity building (seminars and workshops)

  • Evaluation of the implementation of policy recommendations

  • Research, analysis, manuals

  • Forums – including Partnership and Local Governance and on Social Innovation


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

The LEED Programme and the OECD LEEDTrento Centre for Local Development


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

TRENTO CENTRE OBJECTIVES

Established in 2003, its work is mainly focused on CEE and SEE countries, with the aim of:

  • Contributing to local development capacity building

  • Facilitating the exchange of experience between OECD member and non-member countries

  • Strengthening the relationship between policy makers, local development practitioners and the scientific community in OECD member and non-member countries

  • Reinforcing representative democracy at sub-national level by initiating and supporting a dialogue between national and sub-national legislatures on local development issues


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

THE STRATEGIC APPROACH

Tobring togetherpolicy-makers, researchers and practitioners from national and sub-national levels

Toexchange experience on the most appropriate tools for supporting local development policies and strategies

To build institutional capacities to support and disseminate innovate practices

To design activities aimed at meeting the training needs of national and sub‑national local development institutions

To foster networking activities to promote national and international co-operation


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Social Inclusion in the Time of Crisis


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Social Inclusion in the Time of Crisis:

  • Growing unemployment

  • Increasing poverty

  • Numbers of vulnerable people and groups expanding

  • Communities still rebuilding hit hard

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Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Social Economy:

  • Social economy ‘label’ used in (some) countries for the space between the State and the market – and the organisations that operate in that space

  • Broadly, the organisations include:

    • Foundations

    • Associations

    • Co-operatives

    • Social Enterprises

    • Not for profit organisations

  • What unites these organisations is their emphasis on co-operation and a common purpose.

13


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Social Economy:

  • Not a small player…in 2007 the social economy employed around 11 million people in Europe (6% of the working population)

  • In the US more than 30 co-operatives have annual revenue in excess of USD 1 billion

  • Significant, untapped potential…no single way forward, but broad strategies can be identified

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Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Support Strategies:

  • An enabling environment with supportive policies

    • Legal framework which recognises social economy organisations

    • Recognition of intangible added value of social economy organisations (participation, creation of social capital,inclusion, etc.)

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Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Support Strategies:

  • Provision of “business” support specifically tailored for social economy organisations

  • Necessary to nurture a culture of inclusive entrepreneurship by encouraging diverse role models of what constitutes a successful business

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Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Support Strategies:

  • Development of mechanisms for financial sustainability

    • Ensuring social economy organisations can exploit full range of potential resources (selling goods and services)

    • Fiscal exemptions – tax reductions, social security reductions for employed disadvantaged workers

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Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Support Strategies:

  • Inclusion in the decision making process

    • Knowledge of local communities crucial to the development of more effective policies and programmes

    • Andalusian Pact – first signed in 2002, renewed in 2006

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Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Social Inclusion:

  • Effective local development requires positive relationships between all actors AND across various dimensions (economic, social and environmental).

  • Partnerships are crucial.

  • Strength of social economy is not only innovativeness and capacity to adapt BUT also its ability to make bridges between actors and between different dimensions.

19


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Contribution of the Social Economy:

  • The potential contribution of the social economy should not be underestimated.

  • Tendency by policy makers to see social economy organisations as an instrumental device for addressing problems and to overlook the ability of the social economy to increase participation.

  • BUT social economy organisations are not a ‘panacea for all ills’, there are limits to what they can do.

20


Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Contribution of the Social Economy:

  • With the right support strategies…

  • With recognition of their contribution from all actors…

  • Working in partnership with the public and private sectors…

  • …the social economy will be able to contribute to fostering social inclusion

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Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

Improving Social Inclusion through the Social Economy:

  • Providing guidance to national, local and regional governments on how to support the social economy

  • Countries involved include Poland, Korea, France Belgium and Slovenia.

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Strumenti di sviluppo locale e dell imprenditorialita

For more information contact:

Emma Clarence – [email protected]

Antonella Noya – [email protected]

STRUMENTI DI SVILUPPO LOCALE E DELL’IMPRENDITORIALITA’


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