1984
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1984. Chapter 9 Overview. Events in the Plot. Hate week forced Winston to work 90 hours. This was because Oceania changed enemies from Eurasia to Eastasia . This happens during a crowded rally. The speaker says that Oceania is at war and has always been at war with Eastasia .

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1984

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1984

1984

Chapter 9

Overview


Events in the plot

Events in the Plot

  • Hate week forced Winston to work 90 hours.

  • This was because Oceania changed enemies from Eurasia to Eastasia.

  • This happens during a crowded rally. The speaker says that Oceania is at war and has always been at war with Eastasia.

  • New propaganda posters emerge the crowd destroys the old propaganda posters.


The book

The Book

  • During the events of the week, Winston finds time to read Emmanuel Goldstein’s book.

  • The book covers The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism.

  • Traces a theory of social classes throughout recent history: High Class, Middle Class, and Low Class—the Inner Party, the Outer Party, and the Proles


The book and geography

The Book and Geography

  • According to the manifesto, Eurasia was created when Russia subsumed all of Europe.

  • Oceania was created when the United States absorbed the British Empire.

  • Eastasia is made up of the remaining nations


1984

These three nations keep their respective populaces preoccupied with a perpetual border war in order to preserve power among the High class


1984

War

  • Goldstein writes that the war never advances significantly, as no two allied nations can defeat the third

  • The war is simply a fact of life that enables the ruling powers to keep the masses ignorant of life in other places

  • This is the real meaning of the phrase “WAR IS PEACE.”


Historical analysis

Historical Analysis

  • This chapter mixes many sources of twentieth-century political theory, including works by Leon Trotsky and Karl Marx.

  • The novel 1984 was written in 1948 after nearly 30 years of destructive war, economic collapse, and rise in totalitarian power had dominated life in Europe.


Impact on the plot

Impact on the plot

  • The contrast between Winston and Julia is at its strongest as Winston reads to her from the manifesto in Chapter 9.

  • Their reactions to Goldstein’s book reflect their personalities.

  • Winston is excited and wants to read on while Julia falls asleep.

  • Winston wants to know why the world is as it is, and Julia seeks pleasure in rebellion and in the day to day experiences of life.


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