1984
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1984 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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1984. Chapter 9 Overview. Events in the Plot. Hate week forced Winston to work 90 hours. This was because Oceania changed enemies from Eurasia to Eastasia . This happens during a crowded rally. The speaker says that Oceania is at war and has always been at war with Eastasia .

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1984

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1984

Chapter 9

Overview


Events in the Plot

  • Hate week forced Winston to work 90 hours.

  • This was because Oceania changed enemies from Eurasia to Eastasia.

  • This happens during a crowded rally. The speaker says that Oceania is at war and has always been at war with Eastasia.

  • New propaganda posters emerge the crowd destroys the old propaganda posters.


The Book

  • During the events of the week, Winston finds time to read Emmanuel Goldstein’s book.

  • The book covers The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism.

  • Traces a theory of social classes throughout recent history: High Class, Middle Class, and Low Class—the Inner Party, the Outer Party, and the Proles


The Book and Geography

  • According to the manifesto, Eurasia was created when Russia subsumed all of Europe.

  • Oceania was created when the United States absorbed the British Empire.

  • Eastasia is made up of the remaining nations


These three nations keep their respective populaces preoccupied with a perpetual border war in order to preserve power among the High class


War

  • Goldstein writes that the war never advances significantly, as no two allied nations can defeat the third

  • The war is simply a fact of life that enables the ruling powers to keep the masses ignorant of life in other places

  • This is the real meaning of the phrase “WAR IS PEACE.”


Historical Analysis

  • This chapter mixes many sources of twentieth-century political theory, including works by Leon Trotsky and Karl Marx.

  • The novel 1984 was written in 1948 after nearly 30 years of destructive war, economic collapse, and rise in totalitarian power had dominated life in Europe.


Impact on the plot

  • The contrast between Winston and Julia is at its strongest as Winston reads to her from the manifesto in Chapter 9.

  • Their reactions to Goldstein’s book reflect their personalities.

  • Winston is excited and wants to read on while Julia falls asleep.

  • Winston wants to know why the world is as it is, and Julia seeks pleasure in rebellion and in the day to day experiences of life.


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