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Sean Kingston's Story. What are the most common causes of drowning?. Most Common Causes of Drowning are. Not knowing how to swim Not wearing a life jacket Lack of supervision (an adult watching you) Diving in shallow water Going beyond their swimming ability Getting tired.

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Most common causes of drowning are
Most Common Causes of Drowning are

  • Not knowing how to swim

  • Not wearing a life jacket

  • Lack of supervision (an adult watching you)

  • Diving in shallow water

  • Going beyond their swimming ability

  • Getting tired


Most common causes of drowning
Most Common Causes of Drowning

  • Horseplay/dares

  • Accidentally falling in

  • Leg cramps

  • Use of alcohol or other drugs

  • Ocean current

  • River current


Your group s job
Your Group’s Job:

  • Research and determine the risks involved with your situation.

  • Record any statistics involved with your situation.

  • Discuss what to look for (signs or symptoms).

  • Discuss ways to stay safe in this body of water or situation.


Diving
Diving

  • Diving accounts for 10% of all the spinal cord injuries in the U.S.

  • Spinal cord injuries can result in paralysis or death.

  • Always check the depth of the water before diving.

  • Enter the water feet first to check the depth.


Diving1
Diving

The American Red Cross recommends that water be at least 9 feet deep to dive safely.

  • Check the bottom for objects.

  • Never dive in murky water.

  • Obey “No Diving” signs.


Pools and spas
Pools and Spas

  • Put up a fence that locks and is at least 4 feet high and is around all sides of the pool or spa.

  • Cover and lock pools and spas when not using them.

  • Teach children never to swim alone.


Pools and spas1
Pools and Spas

  • Adult supervision at all times.

  • Children who can’t swim well or can’t swim at all should be within reach and wear life jackets.

  • Watch children even if they know how to swim.


Personal water craft jet ski
Personal Water Craft (jet ski)

  • Know and follow local laws and regulations regarding personal water crafts.

  • Take a boating safety course.

  • Always attach the shut-off lanyard.

  • Follow the traffic pattern of the waterway.


Personal water craft jet ski1
Personal Water Craft (jet ski)

  • Run your PWC at a slow speed until you are away from shore, swimming areas, and docks.

  • Obey no-wake and speed zones.

  • Use caution around swimmers and surfers.


Personal water craft jet ski2
Personal Water Craft (jet ski)

  • Always wear Coast Guard-approved PFD (personal floatation devices) when riding a jet ski.

  • Ride with a buddy and travel with another PWC, if possible. You never know when an emergency may occur.

  • Do not drink alcohol or use drugs.


Ocean current
Ocean Current

  • Rip currents cause most of the drownings in the ocean. Rip currents pull a person away from shore.

  • Don’t try to fight the current or swim against it. Call for help.

  • When you feel the current not pulling you out to shore, swim parallel to the shore until you are out of the rip current.

  • Then swim back to shore.


Beach and surf safety
Beach and Surf Safety

What are other guidelines that should be followed to stay safe at the beach?

  • Check with the lifeguard about surf and beach conditions before swimming.

  • Never swim alone.

  • Always swim close to the lifeguard stand.


Beach and surf safety1
Beach and Surf Safety

  • Don’t run and dive into ocean waves.

  • Obey warning signs (dangerous current).

  • Make sure an adult is watching you.


"Every summer, emergency physicians see serious spinal injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.”

Another major cause of neck injuries is bodysurfing. It is caused when the swimmer's head or face strikes the bottom of the ocean. So check for depth and obstructions before diving, then go in feet first the first time; and use caution while bodysurfing, always extending a hand ahead of you.


River current
River Current injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.

  • Small river currents can be strong currents.

  • If caught in a river current:

    • Don’t try to swim against the current.

    • Float on your back, feet first downstream.

    • Shout for help.


River safety guidelines
River Safety Guidelines injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.

  • Never swim alone.

  • Wear an approved PFD.

  • Keep a watch on water depth changes. The water depth in a river can change quickly due to recent storms. Get out of the water if it appears to be rising.


Boating
Boating injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.

  • Know the state laws where you are planning to take your boat.

  • Everyone in the boat should wear a Coast Guard-approved PFD (personal floatation device).

  • Anyone being pulled behind the boat must wear a PFD.


Boating and pfds
Boating and PFDs injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.


Boating1
Boating injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.

  • Make sure you tell someone where you are planning to go boating or fishing (in case of bad weather or engine problems).


Cold exposure or hypothermia
Cold Exposure or Hypothermia injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.

The factors that contribute to cold exposure or hypothermia:

  • Temperature

  • Wet (rain, sweat, water)

  • Wind (blowing)

    Each one of these factors increase the likelihood of hypothermia and determine how quickly hypothermia will occur.


Cold exposure or hypothermia1
Cold Exposure or Hypothermia injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.


General water safety rules
General Water Safety Rules injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.

  • Learn how to swim.

  • Never swim alone.

  • Make sure you have adult supervision at all times.

  • Know your swimming limits and stay within them.

  • Watch weak swimmers when they are in the water.

  • Don’t encourage or dare others to do things that may be dangerous or they are not a strong enough swimmer to accomplish.


General water safety rules1
General Water Safety Rules injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.

  • Don’t depend on floatation devices to stay afloat. Wear a Coast Guard approved PFD. This applies for babies and small children also. Floats and water wings are not reliable devices for keeping them afloat.

  • Swimming is a vigorous form of exercise so rest frequently.

  • Do not consume alcohol or any drugs.


General water safety rules2
General Water Safety Rules injuries, including quadriplegia, because people dive headfirst into unknown water and strike the bottom.

  • Seek out local knowledge when swimming or diving in a new location.

  • Obey all warning signs.

  • Know and respect the water. Each body of water has its own hazard.

  • Learn CPR, especially if you have a swimming pool at your house.


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