CHAPTER 2 -- CULTURE. Warm-Up. Taking someone’s life is violation of a social norm. Is there ever a situation where this is not the case?. What is culture? .
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Taking someone’s life is violation of a social norm.
Is there ever a situation where this is not the case?
The total pattern of human behavior and it’s shared products shown in a group’s beliefs, thoughts, art, music, food, customs, religious laws, superstitions, speech, behaviors, valves
Shared products of human groups including physical objects as well as beliefs, values and behaviors
EX: In the US there are norms concerning financial responsibility but more than half of the US is in debt
There are norms against taking a life but in the case of police and soldiers these norms differ
Prohibition (18th Amendment)
Culture continually changes – it is dynamicrather than static.
Sociologists study culture by breaking it down into levels and studying each level separately
Tendency to view one’s own culture and group as superior
Although, this belief can create unity
EX: Nazi Germany
Belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards rather than by applying the standards of another culture
Think back to the reasons behind 9/11 or Saddam Hussein’s dictatorship in Iraq
Arapesh vs. Mundugumor
These tribes lives 100 miles apart, shared many social traits, but the cultures were vastly different.
At the time of Mead’s study, Arapesh lived in mountains and Mundugumor in the valleys. Arapesh planted gardens while Mundugumor primarily food gatherers. Food was scarce for Arapesh and abundant for Mundugumor.
…that the differences in temperament were mainly the result of culture rather than biology. Differences were greater between 2 societies rather than within them (males and females similar within one society, but not between them).
Read page 28 – Case Study on the Nacirema
Start “Peters Township Culture” tomorrow!