Nordic construction IT – post-graduate seminar
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nordic construction IT – post-graduate seminar 29-30 march in helsinki SHORT PRESENTATION PHD PROJECT tentative title march 2006: EXPLORING THE ICT IMPACT ON THE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN PROCESS – with a special eye on the architect’s work and interactions anita moum phd-candidate/M.Arch

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C f m ller architects

nordic construction IT – post-graduate seminar 29-30 march in helsinkiSHORT PRESENTATION PHD PROJECT

tentative title march 2006:

EXPLORING THE ICT IMPACT ON THE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN PROCESS –

with a special eye on the architect’s work and interactions

anita moum

phd-candidate/M.Arch

department of architectural design and management

norwegian university of science and technology (ntnu)

main supervisor: tore i. haugen

advisory supervisors: birgit sudbø and bjørn otto braaten

C.F. Møller Architects


C f m ller architects

“BACKDROP”

design in general can be seen to pass through phases of relative certainty and doubt. B. Lawson

a good architectural design process is based on the successful interplay between unpredictable and iterative processes and actors

the architect has traditionally a central position in the design process -

his work and interaction with the other participants are essential for developing good architectural design solutions and building projects

the AEC-industry face a rapid development within the field of ICT -

both definition of processes and roles are affected -

also the architect’s position and working conditions are in change

b. lawson

EFFORT

cost

DESIGN

PROGRAM

CONSTRUCTION

impact

OPERATION

TIME


C f m ller architects

AIM AND FOCUS

OVERALL AIM

to contribute to more knowledge about how ICT impact on central processes

and actors within architectural design

FOCUS

work and interactions/collaboration within the design team

special focus on the architect

WHY IMPORTANT

much research focus on technology development and improvement

but: also research about technology impact on processes and roles within architectural design important

APPROACH

relation-/process-oriented, not technology-oriented!

?


C f m ller architects

1

2

RESEARCH STRATEGY AND METHODS

  • RESEARCH STRATEGY

  • flexible design strategy (evolves during data collection)

  • explorative purpose

  • mainly qualitative approach

  • MAIN METHODOLOGICAL TOOLS

  • reviews of contemporary literature and research

  • workshops with actors from both research and practice

  • multiple case studies of reference and building projects

  • MAIN SOURCES OF EVIDENCE IN CASE STUDIES

  • open-ended interviews with key-actors

  • documentary analysis

  • eventually small interview- or questionnaire survey

  • RESEARCH BASED ON TWO PARTS…..

  • a ”top-down” approach the starting point


C f m ller architects

OVERVIEW OF THE PHD PROJECT’S TWO MAIN PARTS

PART 1 PART 2

APPROACH

broad scope

AIM

contribute to better understanding and

overview of how ICT impact on the

complex processes and relations within

architectural design

THROUGH

development and application

of a framework for exploration of the topic

BASED ON - the interplay between

1) review of contemporary literature/research

2) workshops and discussions

3) “broad” case studies of building projects

AHUS project

ilsvika projects

APPROACH

limited scope – “diving”

AIM

gain knowledge about interdisciplinary use of

BIM and its impact on central processes within

the design team -

especially the architects work and interactions

THROUGH

exploration of real life projects

BASED ON

application of framework for data collection,

analysis, pattern matching

WHY FOCUS ON INTERDISCIPLINARY USE OF BIM?

quite new and untested in practiceimpact on processes and roles expected


C f m ller architects

SHORT ABOUT FRAMEWORK: FOCUS AND PURPOSE

design generation

  • framework needed as a support for

  • - getting overview of a complex topic

  • carrying out, analyzing and comparing case-studies

  • analyzing and organizing literature/theory

  • narrowing and limiting scope/focus

  • the framework focuses on four central aspects of the architectural design process……

  • the generation of design solutions

  • communication

  • the evaluation of design solutions

  • decision-making

communication

design evaluation

decision-making


C f m ller architects

SHORT ABOUT FRAMEWORK: FOCUS AND PURPOSE

…..and is based on the definition of 3 hierarchical levels

macro-level

contractors

meso-level

users

client

THE ICT IMPACT MATRIX

summarizes the explored key benefits and

challenges from implementation and use of ICT in the architectural design process, from both theory and practice – supports the comparing of empirical data from different case studies

micro-level

design team

legislators

design team

designer/

architect

the lines between the ”boxes” in the matrix are a ”breathing” screen between interconnected, interdependent and iterative elements

another metaphor: puzzle


C f m ller architects

BUILDING PROCESS

programming

design

production

case-studie del 1 case-studie del 2

CASE STUDIES – SAMPLE STRATEGY

large-/middle scaled

building projects

trying out

implementation

and interdisciplinary

use of BIM within

design team

being part of…..

focus:

BIM impact on interaction between

architects and consultants

exploring:

- experiences from

implementation/use > “lessons learnt”

- challenges/barriers and benefits/potentials

BUILDING PROJECT

MESO- / MICRO-LEVEL

……R&D initiatives

on AEC-industry

level

focus:

”back-drop”/context building project and

design team interactions

exploring:

- visions, aims, experiences

- guidelines implementation/use

REF. PROJECTMACRO-LEVEL


C f m ller architects

CONSIDERED CASE STUDY PROJECTS - DRAFT

The case study

method

allows investigators

to retain the holistic

and meaningful

characteristics

of real-life events.

(Yin, 2003)

C.F. Møller Architects

REFERENCE PROJECTS

MACRO-LEVEL

BUILDING PROJECTS

MESO/MICRO-LEVEL

building smart / IAI

building down barriers

IDM-project

AHUS - new university hospital

HITOS - tromsø university

college (retrospective case)

digital construction

reykjavik concert- and congress

center

building smart / IAI

arkos-project?

berlin-brandenburg international

airport

HLT

proIT?


C f m ller architects

div.

conference

papers

paper 2

BIM context

initiatives/

implement.

paper 3

BIM

and

design

team

processes

paper 4

BIM

and the

architect’s

work

paper 5

reporting

research

results

project

reports/

assignm.

paper 1

theoretical

fundament

RESEARCH PLAN

01.02.04

2006

2007

2008

2005

2004

01.04.08

review literature & research

theoretical studies

framework

development

framework

development/

improvement

literature review

PART 1

test/pilot cases

workshop

workshop

thesis writing

research design

analysis

PART 2

analysis

case studies part 1

questionnaire

case studies part 1

case study design


C f m ller architects

CONTRIBUTION OF RESEARCH

  • CONTRIBUTION TO

  • more knowledge

  • better understanding and overview

  • THROUGH EXPLORATION OF

  • relevant literature/research/theory

  • “lessons learnt” from practice

  • AND A REFLECTING ON THE IMPLICATIONS

  • for processes-/role definitions

  • SUPPORTED BY

  • application developed framework

  • FINDINGS FOUNDATION FOR

  • defining propositions/hypothesis/questions for further research

  • improving management and design-related processes

  • AND FURTHER DISCUSSIONS REGARDING

  • future work and role of architect > re-thinking needed?

  • design team processes > re-definition needed?

  • relation new technology vs. “established” processes?

?

?

?


C f m ller architects

THE NEXT STEPS - CHALLENGES

  • RESEARCH DESIGN

  • definition research questions

  • further narrowing of scope

  • ensuring methodological reliability and validity

  • THESIS STRUCTURE/PLAN

  • level of ambition vs. what is actually possible

  • definition content/relation articles

  • DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK

  • definition hierarchical levels

  • interconnectedness of framework components

  • CASE STUDIES

  • case-study plan/design

  • sample (projects/respondents)

  • questions

    • time plan

  • practical limitations vs. appropriate methods (> research questions)

  • So little done, so much to do. Cecil Rhodes, last words

    Die zwei grössten Tyrannen der Erde – der Zufall und die Zeit. Johann Gottfried Herder


    C f m ller architects

    BACKGROUND - CONTACT

    graduated as a master of architecture in 1995 on the norwegian university of science and tehnology (NTNU)

    eight years experience from working as an architect and building design manager in different architectural companies in munich, germany

    CONTACT

    department of architectural design and management

    faculty of architecture and fine arts

    NTNU

    alfred getz vei 3

    n-7491 trondheim

    visiting phd-candidate:

    lehrstuhl für baurealisierung und –informatik

    TU münchen

    arcisstrasse 21

    d-80333 münchen

    fon: +49 89 28922166 (r+d lab)

    fax: +49 89 28922163

    e-mail: [email protected]

    cell phone: +49 175 6633378/+47 9360340

    publications: http://www.metamorfose.ntnu.no/english/publications.shtml

    terminal 2, munich airport. K+P architekten und stadtplanerarchitectural competition, building design and -management

    1997-2000

    headquarters t-online darmstadt. SIAT gmbh

    building design and - management 2002-2003

    SIAT GmbH


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