Living in north africa sw central asia
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Living in North Africa, SW & Central Asia. Ch. 19 Sec.1. Food. Challenge to meet needs of rapidly growing population, w/ little resources Saudi Arabia can buy food with oil $ Afgh. can only grow sm. amt of food (poor soil)  Israel has great climate & grows/exports lots. Afghanistan.

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Living in North Africa, SW & Central Asia

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Living in north africa sw central asia

Living in North Africa, SW & Central Asia

Ch. 19 Sec.1


Living in north africa sw central asia

Food

  • Challenge to meet needs of rapidly growing population, w/ little resources

  • Saudi Arabia can buy food with oil $

  • Afgh. can only grow sm. amt of food (poor soil) 

  • Israel has great climate

    & grows/exports lots

Afghanistan


Agriculture

Agriculture

  • Strangely, there is such little arable land, but majority of jobs are in agriculture

  • They learn to adapt…

    • When Med. countries face a drought they just farm more hardy foods (wheat, barley, etc)


Usable land

Usable Land

  • Egypt has least amount of usable land

  • Morocco & Turkey seem to have most

  • Most countries with little arable land compensate with herding


Usable land1

Usable Land

  • To make up for little usable land countries may:

    • Have intensive irrigation (some drain seas )

    • Mining industries

    • Focus on other industries like oil…


Living in north africa sw central asia

Oil

  • Oil is, by far, most

    impt. commodity

    • 70% of world’s oil, 33% of world’s nat. gas

  • Industries using oil:

    • Refining & shipping

    • Steel, textiles, electricity production

    • Petrochemicals (fertilizers, medicines, plastics, & paints)


Service industries

Service Industries

  • GDP = gross domestic product

    • Value of goods & services produced in country per year

  • Bahrain is 60% service industry

    • Banking, real estate, insurance

    • Highest GDP

    • High HDI b/c it spends its $ on social services & needs as well


Service industries1

Western Wall in Jerusalem

Service Industries

  • Tourism is huge b/c:

    • Religious importance

    • Historical importance

    • Mediterranean climate/beaches

  • Tourism limitations

    • Iran limits # of tourists to decrease western influence

    • Regional conflicts discourage ppl from coming (not safe)


Transportation

Transportation

  • Most waterways connected with straits & gulfs

    • Strategic and economic value

    • Almost all oil exports sent thru waterways ($$)

    • Vast # of pipelines to carry oil over land to coasts


Communications

Communications

  • Problems:

    • Too much government control

    • Lots of deserts and mountains

    • Lack of satellite/cellular service in rural areas

  • The New Silk Road

    • Telecommunications highway built over old Silk Road route

      • Cable for 20 countries; 16,767 miles

      • TRACECA- road, rail, & air system


Living in north africa sw central asia

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

  • 12 members

  • Can restrict/limit amount of oil

  • Can raise oil prices

  • Can enact embargos

    (All have been done to U.S.)


Interdependence is key

Interdependence is Key

They provide oil and other industrial goods; others provide foreign aid, trade deals, loans, & food goods.

Despite our political disagreements, we cannot live without one another


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