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Presentation on Jyotigram – Feeder Segregation Case Study of Gujarat. Presented by Suresh Shahdadpuri. Power Sector Reforms. Unbundling of Erstwhile Gujarat Electricity Board (GEB) into Seven companies w.e.f . 01/04/2005 One holding company for trading. One Generation Company

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Jyotigram – Feeder Segregation

Case Study of Gujarat

Presented by

Suresh Shahdadpuri

Power Sector Reforms

  • Unbundling of Erstwhile Gujarat Electricity Board (GEB) into Seven companies w.e.f. 01/04/2005

    • One holding company for trading.

    • One Generation Company

    • One Transmission Company

    • Four Distribution Company

  • IT Enabled integrated End-to-End IT Solution (ERP) across seven companies.

  • No Loss of Man-hours

  • Management took employees along as key stakeholders

Key challenges
Key Challenges

Identify and overcome challenges for success

Key challenges for discoms


Key Challenges for DISCOMs

  • AT&C Losses: bringing & maintaining below 15%

  • Tariffs, Metering, Billing & Collection

  • Checking theft

  • Increasing cost of Power Purchase

  • Demand Supply Gap – High UI Charges to pay

  • Open Access option above 1 MW

    • Loss of esteemed consumers in competitive market

  • Efforts to achieve profit

  • Agriculture sector – difficult to access/book the energy consumption

Key challenges rural area


Key Challenges – Rural Area

  • Way out of HT/LT lines through Forest area

  • Heavy tree density below or nearby electrical lines

  • Resistance to lay & maintain electric lines in farmers land

    • No compensation in case of LT lines & 11kv HT Lines

  • Damages to Ceramic Insulators by miscreants

    • Additional cost to replace & increases feeder outages

  • Theft of conductors, Transformer oil & coils

  • Poor or no communication facility

    • Maintenance / vigilance difficult in remote area

    • AMR/AMI facility difficult

Issues of rural power supply


Issues of Rural Power Supply

  • Availability of Power Supply

  • Household Electrification

  • HT/LT Line network

  • High investment Low returns

    • Require Government support

  • Agriculture dominated consumption

  • Difficult Metering/Billing/Collection

  • Line Maintenance / Quality of Material

  • Use of Low efficiency Pumps

Rural sector problems


Rural Sector Problems

  • Erratic Power Supply

  • Low voltages

  • Mixed feeders with Agriculture

  • Load shedding in Domestic Supply

  • Unreliable Metering/Billing/Collection

  • High failure rate of Distribution Transformers

  • Frequent failure of submersible pumps

  • Lowering of water tables

  • No energy accounting

  • High AT&C Losses

Rural power reforms


Rural power reforms

  • 24 hours Domestic/Commercial Supply

  • 8 Hours Agricultural Supply

  • Improved Reliability of Power Supply

  • Preventive maintenance in place

  • Improved Metering/Billing/Collection

  • Reduction in failure rates of Pump Motors

  • Migration to cities reduced

  • Better education & health services

  • Commercial/Industrial development

Rural residential consumer


Rural Residential Consumer

  • Average Resi. Consumption 40 units/month

  • Rural average variation 30 to 50 units

  • 100% Villages electrified

  • Special supply to scattered farm house

    • Jyotigram: Agri.& Domestic feeders separated

    • GoG has spent 1290 crores for Jyotigram

    • Specially designed transformers

  • Limited paying capacity of consumers

Jyoti gram yojana
Jyoti gram yojana

JGY Scheme launched in September 2003 on pilot basis.

Implemented throughout the State Covering 18000 villages and 10000 surrounding Hamlets.

All 18000 villages benefited under JGY by March 2006.

JGY started as a Government-local body participatory Scheme but largely funded through State Government’s Grant.

Jyoti Gram Yojana ( JGY )

Benefits of jgy
Benefits of JGY

Benefits to the Utility

  • It enabled flexible load management.

  • Better quality and reliability of power supply.

  • Reduction in Transformer/ system failure.

  • Speedy restoration of power supply at the time of calamity.

Benefits of JGY

24×7 power availability promotes entertainment & Information through television

24×7 power makes it possible to use modern medical equipments in villages


Benefits of JGY

24×7 power availability promotes cottage industries like chilly powder making in villages.

24×7 power makes it possible to use electrical appliances like mixer/grinder saving a lot of efforts and time of a rural woman.


Benefits of JGY

24×7 power helps villagers avail easy repair & maintenance of their machineries / vehicles through facilities of welding/lathe in the village.

Dairy / Milk Testing

24×7 power enables the villagers to setup local dairy and in house milk testing.


Benefitsof JGY

communication facilities like STD / PCO helps the villagers in emergencies and encourages small multipurpose shops.


24×7 power helps villagers with the facility of flour mill in the village for their food preparations


Benefits of JGY

24×7 power empowers the villagers with mobile communication thereby making their life easy and more manageable

24×7 power has made it possible for the villagers to have the facilities of copier machines making it easy for their important documents to be processed further.


Benefits of jgy1
Benefits of JGY

Benefits to the Consumers

  • Improved load management resulted in No Load shedding in the State.

  • Students encouraged to use computer for education.

  • 24 hrs. 3-phase Power supply available to villages.

  • Provision of better health services and infrastructure facility.

  • Reduction in migration from Rural to Urban areas.

  • Housewives able to use electrical appliances.

Benefits of jgy2
Benefits of JGY

Benefits to the Consumers

  • Entertainment available through TV, VCR, VCD. Local/National/Inter National news also made available.

  • Increase in working hours in villages .

  • Enhancement opportunity for local employment.

  • Local dairy and milk testing processes helped.

  • Development of cottage/home industries and small scale industries.

  • Reduction in failure of motor pumps sets of farmers saving the maintenance cost.

Impact of jgy
Impact of jgy

Study by different organization

Cii through irma anand 2005
CII through IRMA, Anand. (2005)

  • The average employment level significantly increased

  • Migration from the rural areas has come down by 33%

  • Drop out of Girl children reduced by 80%

  • Average duration of study at home for girls and boys gone up by 92% and 81% respectively

  • School absenteeism reduced by 13%

  • Significant increase in awareness about health, nutrition and family planning issues and Government programmes

  • Increase in time spent of rural women on

    • education -by 90%

    • entertainment- by 88%

    • social activities- by 43%

    • income generating activities-by 18%

    • Time spent on performing household chores reduced by 26%

  • Increased Momentum in Industrial activities such as diamond polishing, toiletries, agro processing, etc.

  • Scope to 53% of families to work during night time.

Iim ahmedabad dec 2010
IIM Ahmedabad Dec 2010

  • Hour of supply increased to nearly 24 hours in rural areas from an average 16 hours.

  • Overall per capita household income has grown at 8-9% per annum

  • Small Industry Households nearly 24 hrs x 7 three phase power supply whch was earlier on an average 12.57 hours

  • Use of kerosene as a main fuel reduced to 1.2% which was 5.2% before JGY.

  • consumer satisfaction in range of 3.71-4.09 on a Scale of 5

  • Significant impact of the JGY in change in value of the assets possessed/ income increases on households, small business households.

  • Substantial increase in enterprise and establishment activities

  • Improvements with regard to breakdown of electrical equipment.

  • Broad based impact across all socio-economic categories.

Hemchandracharya north gujarat uni with cept
HemchandracharyaNorth Gujarat Uni. with CEPT

  • Women save time in household work due to storage of milk,vegetables.ghee.curd

  • Bridging Rural-Urban imbalances through visits of relatives from urban

  • Better illumination and extended study hours for students

  • Storage of medicines,vaccines,injection is possible

  • Safety and security in attacks from wild animals

  • Comfort to livestock by providing fans/Air coolers yield improvement

  • Faster production in tailoring, knife making unit, cotton thread making units

  • Cold drink and ice cream parlor gets extended hours of visitors

  • Improved access to amenities.

  • Increased use of electrical gadgets including mosquito repellant.

Demand side management


Demand Side Management

  • Switching Ag. Feeders to reduce peaks

  • Proper grouping of Agricultural feeders

  • Reducing gap between max/min demand

  • Better Load forecasting

  • Encouraging efficient pumps & CFL

  • Introduction of Special Design Transformer