The great depression the new deal
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The Great Depression & The New Deal. Chapters 22 & 23. Study for test!. Chapters 17&18. STARTER: Thursday, November 30. Read pages 618-619 and answer the three questions below: What was Roosevelt’s “Black Cabinet? What did it do?

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The great depression the new deal

The Great Depression & The New Deal

Chapters 22 & 23


Study for test

Study for test!

Chapters 17&18


Starter thursday november 30

STARTER: Thursday, November 30

Read pages 618-619 and answer the three questions below:

  • What was Roosevelt’s “Black Cabinet? What did it do?

  • Why didn’t Roosevelt support full civil rights for African Americans?

  • How did New Deal policies affect Native Americans?

    Read “Historical Spotlight: Deportation of Mexican Americans” on page 712 and answer the question below:

  • Why do you think Mexican Americans were met with hostility during the Depression?


The great depression the new deal

Cultural Figures of the 1930s

Writers

____________________

Radio Stars

____________________

Movie Stars

____________________

Painters

____________________

GROUP 3

Writers


1930 1939 video

1930-1939 Video

  • What was the Bonus Army?

  • What happened during Roosevelt’s first 100 days?

  • How did Hitler violate the Treaty of Versailles?

  • What was FDR’s stance on the war when World War II began in Europe?

  • What was life like in the cities during the Great Depression?

  • What segments of the population supported the President’s plan to get us out of the Great Depression?

  • What did the CCC do?


The great depression the new deal

  • What was the Dust Bowl?

  • What group was most effected by the Great Depression? Why?

  • Who was John L. Lewis?

  • What games were played during the 30s?

  • How did Jesse Owens upset Hitler’s hopes for the 1936 Olympics?

  • Who was the first woman appointed to the cabinet?

  • What was the cause of the “crime crack down” of the 1930s?

  • Who was the most famous woman of the 1930s? Why?


The great depression the new deal

  • What was the newsreel?

  • What was public reaction to “The War of the Worlds”?

  • Who was the most famous aviator of the 30s?

  • What did the Public Works Administration do?

  • What was the dance craze of the 30s?


The great depression the new deal

4/23

  • Test Corrections

    • Correct Answer

    • Why it is correct


Starter

Starter

  • Read Causes of the Great Depression on pages 572-573

    • Answer Two questions

  • Read Effects of the Great Depression on page 579

    • Answer two questions

If you were absent on Friday,

Turn in your

Great Depression/ New Deal Packet.

It will not be accepted after 11:15


Starter1

Starter

  • Imagine that I gave the class $1,000. Then we drove to Raleigh to eat at the Cheesecake Factory.

  • What would you buy to eat?

  • How would the restaurant respond to us coming?


Starter2

Starter

  • Read “The First 100 Days” along the bottoms of pages 602 and 603

    • Answer the two Questions


Starter3

Starter

  • Assessment Sheets 

  • Last Name- A-O on the Table

  • Last Name – P-W on the Cart


Take out great depression new deal packet

Take out Great Depression/ New Deal Packet

  • Today I am checking:

    • Goal 8 Assessment Sheets

    • Midterm Assessment Sheets

    • 9a Vocabulary

    • 9a Assessment Sheet

    • 9b Vocabulary

    • GD/ND Packet


Objectives

Objectives

  • 9.01 Elaborate on the cycle of economic boom and bust in the 1920's and 1930's.


The great depression the new deal packet

Get to work on your packet!

The Great Depression & The New DealPacket

Due TODAY for a Quiz Grade


The great depression the new deal

COPY YOUR VOCABULARYGreat Depression New Deal VocabularyDue Monday

  • Prosperity

  • Warren G Harding

  • Calvin Coolidge

  • Herbert Hoover

  • Speculation

  • Black Tuesday

  • Business cycle

  • Great Depression

  • Hawley-Smoot Tariff

  • John M Keynes

  • Destitution

  • Breadline

  • Hoovervilles

  • Cesar Chavez

  • Dust Bowl

  • Okies

  • Depression

  • Repatriation

  • Localsim

  • Trickledown economics

  • Bonus army

  • Douglas Macarthur

  • John Steinbeck

  • Franklin D Roosevelt

  • New Deal

  • Fireside chats

  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

  • Social Security Act

  • Wagner Act

  • Collective Bargaining

  • Fair Labor Standards Act

  • Black Deal

  • Indian New Deal

  • New Deal Coalition

  • Welfare State

  • Federal Art Project


The great depression the new deal

  • ASSESSMENT SHEETS!!!


Great depression new deal packet

Great Depression & New Deal Packet

  • Assessment Sheet

  • Vocabulary

  • “What Would You Do?”

  • Chapter 17, Section 1 Questions

  • Chapter 17, Section 2 Chart

  • Chapter 17, Section 3 Questions

  • If you are finished, put this work in the basket

  • If not, this is homework!

STOP!

You’re done!


What would you do

“What Would You Do?”

It is 1929 and the U.S. economy has collapsed. Farms, businesses, and banks nationwide are failing, causing massive unemployment and poverty. You are out of work with little prospect of finding a job.

  • What would you do to feed your family?

  • What can you do to find a paying job?

  • What can unemployed and impoverished people do to help each other?


Causes of the depression chapter 17 section 1 write the question the answer

Causes of the DepressionChapter 17, Section 1 (Write the question & the answer!)

  • 1. What is meant by a “bull market”?

  • 2. What advantage did Hoover have over Smith in the Presidential election of 1928?

  • Why did the farming industry grow weak?

  • How did the uneven distribution of income create economic problems?

  • Why did more Americans start living on credit?

  • Explain what is meant by buying stocks on “speculation” and “buying on margin”.

  • What did shareowners do with their stocks in September/October of 1929?

  • What was Black Tuesday?

NEXT SLIDE


The great depression the new deal

  • Explain what is meant by buying stocks on “speculation” and “buying on margin”.

  • What did shareowners do with their stocks in September/October of 1929?

  • What was Black Tuesday?

  • Why did banks fail after the stock market crash?

  • Why did key basic industries lose business?

  • What was the Hawley Smoot Tariff and how did other countries respond?

  • Why did the Great Depression impact Europe as well?

NEXT SLIDE


The great depression the new deal

17, Section 2Complete the chart, describing the hardships faced during the Great Depression (detailed descriptions)

NEXT SLIDE


Chapter 17 section 3 write the questions and the answers

Chapter 17, Section 3Write the questions and the answers

  • What did Hoover believe was the government’s chief function during the Depression?

  • Why did Hoover oppose federal welfare?

  • What were some of the projects Hoover proposed to get the nation out of the Depression? How effective were they?

  • Name ways Americans protested Hoover’s efforts to get the nation out of the Depression.

  • What did Hoover ultimately do about the Bonus Army?

Stop!


Stop working on the questions watch the video broke but not broken answer these questions

STOP WORKING ON THE QUESTIONSWatch the video “Broke, but not Broken” & answer these questions

  • What choices did Ann Marie Low’s family make during the Depression? Do you agree with their choices? Explain.

  • What did you learn about the relationship between the government & farmers?

  • What did the older Ann Marie Low’s comments add to your understanding of the Great Depression?

NEXT SLIDE


Starter 11 16

Starter 11/16

  • Imagine that you have been elected president of the US in 1932

  • Create a plan to address one of the major economic and social issues facing the country

  • Test will be tomorrow. It is in your best interest that it is.


Why did key basic industries lose business

Why did key basic industries lose business?

  • Older industries gave way to the industries of new technologies

  • Example: the railroad industry (and those industries associated with it) gave way to the automobile industry

  • The end of the war led to the decrease in business for some industries

  • New sources of energy replaced old sources of energy


The great depression the new deal

  • Answers to packet


The great depression the new deal

1. What is meant by a “bull market”?

A period of rising stock prices

Americans were rushing to buy stocks during a “bull market”


2 what advantages did hoover have over smith in the presidential election of 1928

2. What advantages did Hoover have over Smith in the Presidential election of 1928?

  • Experience in Public Service

    • head of the Food Administration,

    • Secretary of Commerce

  • The success of the previous Republican administrations


3 why did the farming industry grow weak

3. Why did the farming industry grow weak?

  • End of the war led to less demand for crops

  • Farmers had taken out loans during the war and when demand fell and crop prices fell, farmers went in debt

  • Farms were lost and they defaulted on their loan


The coal mining industry also suffered

The coal mining industry also suffered!

New sources of energy were used, including hydroelectric power, fuel oil, and natural gas replaced coal


4 how did the uneven distribution of income create economic problems

4. How did the uneven distribution of income create economic problems?

Many people could not afford expensive goods, such as refrigerators


5 why did more americans start living on credit

5. Why did more Americans start living on credit?

  • People were buying less due to high prices, stagnant wages, an uneven distribution of income, and overbuying on credit

  • People lived on credit so they could have new items.

  • When you purchased items on credit, you would have to pay interest charges

  • People went into debt


The great depression the new deal

6. Explain what is meant by buying stocks on “speculation” and “buying on margin”.

Speculation: Buying a stock/bond on the hopes of a quick return (profit) on your investment

Buying on Margin: paying only a small percentage of what the stock is worth; or, only putting a down payment down on the stock & borrowing the rest

  • Very little regulation of the stock market existed & the government did not interfere


The great depression the new deal

7. What did shareowners do with their stocks in September/October of 1929?

They sold them as quickly as they could because they suspected the stock market would crash


The great depression the new deal

8. What was Black Tuesday?

  • The day (October 29, 1929) the stock market crashed

  • 16.4 million shares were dropped that day & many could not find buyers

  • People who had bought stocks were either left in debt or their savings were gone

  • Within a few weeks, $30 billion was lost buy investors8.


The great depression the new deal

9. Why did banks fail after the stock market crash?

Many banks failed because they had no money… they had used people’s money to invest in the stock market as well!

At this time, the government had not started to protect & insure the money in the banks


10 why did key basic industries lose business

10. Why did key basic industries lose business?

  • Businesses laid off employees and reduced production

  • The increased number of unemployed led to a decrease in consumer spending

  • Less consumer spending contributed to more lay offs


Causes of the depression

People lose

their jobs.

Even more people

Lose their confidence

And spend less money

Causes of the Depression

Demand

drops.

Fewer goods

are sold.

The Spiral

Of

Depression

In order to

stay in business

companies cut

wages

Companies are

forced to cut costs

by laying people off

People lose their

confidence &

start saving their

money

Demand

drops even

further.


11 what was the hawley smoot tariff and how did other countries respond

11. What was the Hawley Smoot Tariff and how did other countries respond?

  • Tax on imports that raised prices on foreign goods so that they could not compete with American goods

  • In retaliation other European countries created similar tariffs that harmed American business


The great depression the new deal

12. Why did the Great Depression impact Europe as well?

  • Europe was still trying to recover from the war

  • Many nations were trying to pay off war debts & Germany was paying reparations

  • America limited imports to protect its economy (Hawley-Smoot Tariff)

  • In return, other nations did not buy our products


1 what did hoover believe was the government s chief function during the depression

1. What did Hoover believe was the government’s chief function during the Depression?

  • To foster cooperation between conflicting groups and interests

  • The government should step in to solve problems, but not force cooperation


2 why did hoover oppose federal welfare

2. Why did Hoover oppose federal welfare?

  • He believed hand-outs would weaken people’s self-respect & “moral fiber”

  • He believed America was based on “individualism” and it was not the job of the government to take care of individuals and their families

  • Individuals (people, charities, local organizations) should pitch in to help, not the government


The great depression the new deal

3. What were some of the projects Hoover proposed to get the nation out of the Depression? How effective were they?

  • Boulder Dam- successful in getting power and water to California; aided in agricultural production

  • Federal Home Loan Bank Act- lowered mortgage rates & allowed farmers to refinance their loans

  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation- offered financing to businesses, believing this would help average people; this was unsuccessful and was seen a “too little, too late”


4 name ways americans protested hoover s efforts to get the nation out of the depression

4. Name ways Americans protested Hoover’s efforts to get the nation out of the Depression?

  • The Republicans (Hoover’s party) were voted out of Congress in the 1930 elections

  • Farmers burned and dumped their crops rather than sell them at a loss

  • Farmers blocked roads to prevent food from getting to market

  • Shantytowns were called “Hoovervilles”; Newspapers were called “Hoover blankets”; Empty pockets (inside out) were called “Hoover flags”


5 what did hoover ultimately do about the bonus army

5. What did Hoover ultimately do about the Bonus Army?

  • Tear gassed, troops moved in with bayonets, fires were started, people were shot.

  • People were stunned at the government’s response to these veterans


Read the section relief recovery reform the first 100 days p 602 3

Read the section “Relief, Recovery, Reform: The First 100 Days” p 602-3

  • Answer the two questions in the section

  • Then create a newspaper headline that demonstrates how the public would feel about its new president.

  • Example: “Roosevelt The Man with the Plan”


Starter4

Starter

Read pages 618-619 and answer the three questions below:

  • What was Roosevelt’s “Black Cabinet? What did it do?

  • Why didn’t Roosevelt support full civil rights for African Americans?

  • How did New Deal policies affect Native Americans?


New notes

New Notes

  • 9.05 Assess the impact of New Deal reforms in enlarging the role of the federal government in American life


Today 11 13

Today 11/13

  • Review from yesterday

  • Five minutes finish up container collages

  • Present container collages

  • Review for tomorrow’s TEST!!


Objectives1

Objectives

  • 9.01 Elaborate on the cycle of economic boom and bust in the 1920's and 1930's.

  • 9.05 Assess the impact of New Deal reforms in enlarging the role of the federal government in American life.


The great depression the new deal

People waiting in line for bread and soup and also living out of their car.


The great depression the new deal

The Dust Bowl

  • Farmers in the Midwest had over farmed the soil.

  • Drought conditions led to 100 of acres of soil being “blown away.”

  • These ‘black blizzards’ lasted from 1933 to 1939.


The great depression the new deal

Movies


The great depression the new deal

Radio

  • October 30, 1938

  • Orson Wells performed HG Wells classic over the radio.

    • Made Wells famous

  • Caused a panic because people thought Martians were invading

    • Link to listen to the radio broadcast.


The great depression the new deal

Grant Wood

  • Famous painting entitled“American Gothic”.

  • Best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest.


The great depression the new deal

Woody Guthrie

  • Folk singer during the Depression

  • His personal and musical styles were deeply influenced by his childhood in rural Oklahoma during the Great Depression years.

  • This Land is Your Land – famous song


The great depression the new deal

The Grapes of Wrath

  • Classical novel written by John Steinbeck in 1939.

  • Focuses on a poor family of sharecroppers :

    • Driven from their home by the drought

    • They head to California looking for a better life


Franklin roosevelt s new deal identify the following important aspects of the new deal

Franklin Roosevelt’s New DealIdentify the following important aspects of the New Deal

  • New Deal

  • Fireside Chats

  • Glass-Steagall Act (especially the FDIC)

  • Federal Securities Act

  • Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA)

  • Social Security Act


New deal

New Deal

  • Roosevelt’s program for getting the nation out of the Great Depression

  • He wanted to give the American people a “New Deal”

  • Three goals:

    • Relief for the needy

    • Economic recovery

    • Financial reform


Fireside chats

Fireside Chats

  • Roosevelt gave “fireside chats” to keep the nation informed on issues of public concern

  • He gave these national addresses of the radio & Americans felt he was speaking directly to them!


Glass steagall act especially the fdic

Glass-Steagall Act (especially the FDIC)

  • Glass-Steagall Act established the FDIC

  • The FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) provided government insurance for individual bank accounts up to 5,000

  • This made people feel their money was safe

  • Banks also had to act cautiously with their customer’s money


Federal securities act

Federal Securities Act

  • This law provided regulation of the stock market

  • Corporations are required to provide complete information regarding their stock offerings


Agricultural adjustment act aaa

Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

  • The government regulated the amount of crops produced

  • By doing this, crop prices rose because production was lowered

  • The government paid farmers NOT to cultivate all of their land

  • This did help farmers have more money because prices increased

  • This law was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court (they stated that agriculture was a local matter, not a federal matter)


Civilian conservation corps ccc

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

  • A work relief program that put young men (18-25) to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees, and helping in soil erosion and flood control

  • They helped plant trees in the Great Plains to prevent another Dust Bowl

  • Workers were paid in cash and they ate and lived for free


The great depression the new deal

Our greatest task is to put people to work. This is no unsolveable problem if we face it wisely and courageously. It can be accomplished in part by direct recruiting by the Government itself, treating the task as we would threat the emergency of war, but at the same time, through this employment, accomplishing greatly needed projects to stimulate and reorganize the use of our national resources.

—Franklin D. Roosevelt 4 March 1933


National industrial recovery act nira

National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)

  • Law that established fair practices in industry (ex. Set prices of many products and established standards)

  • Law that established jobs to construct schools and other community buildings

  • This law was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court (it gave the executive branch legislative power)


Works progress administration wpa

Works Progress Administration (WPA)

  • A series of programs to help youths, professionals and others find employment

  • Worked in construction, collect historical material, & gave aid to students to go to school


Social security act

Social Security Act

  • Probably the most important achievements of the New Deal

  • Provides the following

    • Retirement

    • Unemployment compensation

    • Aid to families with dependent children & the disabled


Social security act1

Social Security Act

  • Probably the most important achievements of the New Deal

  • Provides the following

    • Retirement

    • Unemployment compensation

    • Aid to families with dependent children & the disabled


The legacy of the new deal

  • The government actively participated in regulating the economy

  • People were given direct relief from the government

  • The government went into debt from all of the government spending

  • What really ended the Great Depression was…

    World War II started

    The economy got a massive boost from the production of war supplies!

The Legacy of the New Deal


Test review

  • Causes of the Great Depression (condition of farmers, investing in the stock market, buying on credit= people were in debt)

  • Life during the Depression (Dust Bowl, shantytowns, women, men in streets, charity)

  • Hoover’s administration (leave the econ. Alone, Bonus army, criticisms)

  • New Deal programs

  • Significance of the New Deal

Test Review

Study for test!!


World war ii vocabulary

World War II Vocabulary

  • Appeasement

  • Holocaust

  • Lend-Lease Act

  • Women’s Auxiliary Army Corp WAC

  • A. Philip Randolph

  • Manhattan Project

  • War Production Board

  • D-Day

  • Nuremberg trials

  • GI Bill of Rights

  • Internment Camp

Due Thursday


1930s container collage

1930s container collage

  • Use images and words to create a collage on an object

  • You will have time to work on this today

  • You will have five minutes tomorrow to complete the assignment

  • You will present your container in class tomorrow

War of the Worlds


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