The 1930s. The Great Depression. The Stock Market Crash. Black Thursday – October 24,1929 Interest rates up Investors sold shares Prices of stocks plunged Black Tuesday – October 29,1929 Prices dropped to an all-time low Investors sold over 16 million shares of stock
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The Great Depression
Effects of the Great Depression
Photograph of a Breadline in New York City During the Great Depression
Depression: Breadlines: long line of people waiting to be fed: New York City: in the absence of substantial government relief programs during 1932, free food was distributed with private funds in some urban centers to large numbers of the unemployed. (Circa February 1932)
Why it failed? Put the burden on local communities and private enterprises
3. Committee for Unemployment Relief (1930)
Why it failed? Just urged Americans to donate to charity
Why it failed? All talk, no change…
Why it failed? Farmers refused to produce <
Why it failed? Ignored small bussiness, Too little too late…
The New Deal: Restoring the Hope
Militarism in Japan
Rise of Fascist Italy
Flourished in hard economic times by promoting social change
Dictators, part elite claim to rule in the name of national interest
Comms want world revolution while fascists pursue nationalist goals
Communists won support of working class; fascists of business leaders, wealthy landowners, the lower class
True or False?
The individual is seen as a servant of the state
The individual’s only concern is providing for him/herself.
Art is used to promote the government.
Films were used to promote the government.
Education was free of political teachings.
This type of government grew out of WWI.
Western democracies supported totalitarianism.
Democratic governments used this type of government during WWI.