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OVERVIEW. Albarran – Chapter 1, 2. Abbreviations & Acronyms. CEO CPM CPP DTV DVD EEO FCC GRP. continued. HH HUT ISP P & L HR. HIGHLIGHTER.

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OVERVIEW

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Overview

OVERVIEW

Albarran – Chapter 1, 2


Abbreviations acronyms

Abbreviations & Acronyms

  • CEO

  • CPM

  • CPP

  • DTV

  • DVD

  • EEO

  • FCC

  • GRP

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


Continued

continued

  • HH

  • HUT

  • ISP

  • P & L

  • HR

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


Highlighter

HIGHLIGHTER

  • “…management is defined as a process by which individuals work with and through other people to accomplish organizational objectives.” (p.2)

  • Electronic media – “radio, television, cable television, and telecommunications (telephone) industries.” (p.2)

  • Add: music recording, film and video production, Internet, and multimedia (CD’s, DVD’s).

  • “A good manager must balance the needs of owners, employees, and … audiences.” (p.3)

  • “In addition to providing.. entertainment and information products, the electronic media influence culture and help define social reality. (McQuail, 1994).” (p.3)

  • “The electronic media pervade society.” (p.3)

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


Continued1

continued

  • Management challenge: dealing with change. “…changes in technology, regulatory issues, social issues, and consumer tastes and preferences.” (p.4)

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


Radio starting on p 5

Radio (starting on p.5)

  • “…the grandparent of the electronic media industries …established many practices…by introducing the sale of hardware (receivers), the marketing of commercial time (advertising), the practice of networking, and the distribution of programming to audiences.”

  • AM radio – based on amplitude modulation

    • 107 channels – “begin a 540 kHz and repeat every 10 kHz.” up to 1700 kHz

    • 4783 AM stations (38% of all radio stations)

    • Appeal mainly to older listeners

    • Typical formats: News & Talk, Sports, niche music (Big Band, Oldies, Spanish)

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


Fm radio

FM Radio

  • FM Radio – based on frequency modulation

  • FM stations – 62% of all radio stations

    • 5766 commercial

    • 2066 non-commercial (all stations between 88.1 and 91.9 MHz): universities, churches, high schools

    • No commercials permitted, but program underwriting and on-air fund drives are allowed

    • NPR is in this category.

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


Television

Television

  • “In 1952, the FCC ended a 4-year…’TV freeze’.” (p.8)

  • UHF authorized along with VHF, but TV sets weren’t required to have UHF tuners until 1964.

  • Networks dominated programming

    • ABC, CBS, NBC each have 200 affiliates

    • Fox has about 175

    • Affiliates clear certain hours to accept network programs and advertising – and receive cash from the network (based on the audience delivered).

  • 561 VHF, 682 UHF, 373 non-commercial stations

  • Cable emerged in the 1970s.

  • “According to Nielsen, the average household watches television more than 7 hours a day (TV Viewing, 1999).” (p. 11)

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


Cable television

Cable (television)

  • Revenue streams:

    • Local advertising

    • Subscriber fees

    • Equipment rentals (converter boxes and remotes)

    • High speed Internet services (Road Runner)

    • Premium and PPV programming

    • (telephone services being planned – AT&T and Time Warner)

  • Cable households:

    • 80% of the total 100.8 million HH (U.S. Penetration, 2000)

Cable Systems: 10,700 in 1999

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


Telephony pp 14 15

Telephony (pp. 14, 15)

  • 3 market segments

    long-distance (“interexchange”)

    local exchange

    wireless (cellular)

  • 1982 case

    • FCC ordered the breakup of the AT&T 22 regional Bell’s

  • Present situation

    • MCI/World Com

    • Sprint

    • 7 Regional firms (previously the 22 Bells) emerged, then began to merge again, leaving now: Verizon, SBC, Bell South

    • Qwest

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


Internet references

Internet references

www.nab.com

www.fcc.gov

www.broadcastingcable.com

CMM 446 Electronic Media Management


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