World war ii
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World War II. The Homefront. Military Mobilization. Americans joined together Industrial war machine Selective Service 16.5 million men become G.I.’s. Women in Service. Volunteers 216,000 WACS – Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps WAVES – Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service

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World War II

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World war ii

World War II

The Homefront


Military mobilization

Military Mobilization

  • Americans joined together

  • Industrial war machine

  • Selective Service

    • 16.5 million men become G.I.’s


Women in service

Women in Service

  • Volunteers 216,000

  • WACS – Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps

  • WAVES – Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service

  • SPARS – Semper Paratus (Always ready) Coast Guard

  • Marine Corps Women Reserve

  • WASP – Women Airforce Service Pilots

  • WAFS – Women Auxiliary Ferry Service

  • 200 army nurses killed

  • About 90 women  prisoners of war


Spars

SPARS

Average age at enlistment was 22. Most were high school graduates.


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WASP

38 WASP or trainees killed


African americans

African Americans

  • 1,000,000 entered the war (segregated)

  • Non-combat roles in Navy & Coast Guard

  • Army = tank battalion


Japanese americans

Japanese Americans

  • Nisei: 2nd generation

  • Issei: 1st generation

  • 442nd “Go for broke”

    • Most decorated

      • 18,000 individual medals

      • 1 Medal of Honor, 53 Distinguished Service Crosses, 588 Silver Stars, 5,200 Bronze Star Medals, 9,486 Purple Hearts


Relocation of japanese internment camps

Relocation of JapaneseInternment Camps

  • Rounded up by the FBI (threat to national security)

  • Internment camps in the west

  • Stayed there most of the war

  • Left alone in Hawaii

  • 48 hours to evacuate – fear of spying

  • After, government pays about $35 million

  • Lost over $400 million


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Japanese Internment Camps


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Internment camps

Notice the tags.

What does this remind you of?


Workforce mobilization

Workforce mobilization

  • 46.5 million 53 million

  • Wages rose 70% during war years

  • Limited strikes

  • Women

    • 60% less pay – no job security

  • Minorities


Production increases

Production Increases

  • WAR PRODUCTION BOARD

    • Decides which goods should get raw materials

    • Limited gasoline people could buy

    • Scrap drives (metal, fat)

  • OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION

    • Fix prices to keep prices down

    • Ration stamps

      • Meat, shoes, butter, sugar, coffee

      • Black Market

    • Increasing taxes

    • Selling war bonds


The homefront

The Homefront


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Propaganda posters


Interpreting posters

Interpreting Posters

  • In advertising, everything is specific

  • Propaganda is trying to get you to believe a certain thing.

  • What are these posters saying to you?


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