Nuclear weapons in international context
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Nuclear Weapons in International Context. Who possesses them? Who is “permitted” to have them? Who aspires to have them?. Nations in possession of nuclear weapons. Total number of active nuclear warheads in 2002. USA:4075 Russia :5830 UK:200 France:<350 China:<160

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Nuclear Weapons in International Context

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Nuclear weapons in international context

Nuclear Weapons in International Context

Who possesses them? Who is “permitted” to have them? Who aspires to have them?


Nations in possession of nuclear weapons

Nations in possession of nuclear weapons


Total number of active nuclear warheads in 2002

Total numberofactivenuclearwarheads in 2002

  • USA:4075

  • Russia:5830

  • UK:200

  • France:<350

  • China:<160

  • India:70 – 120

  • Pakistan:30 – 80

  • North Korea:0 – 10

  • Israel:75 - 200


Countries formerly in possession of nuclear weapons

Countries formerly in possession of nuclear weapons

  • Belarus (until 1996)

  • Kazakhstan (until 1996)

  • Ukraine (until 1996)

  • South Africa (until 1991)


Countries in violation of the npt

Countries in violationofthe NPT

  • Libya (2003)

  • North Korea (2003)

  • Syria (2007)


Nuclear weapons sharing nws

Nuclearweaponssharing (NWS)

Allows NATO members to make use of the US nuclear weapons arsenal by training pilots and adjusting own aircraft to US nuclear weapons.

Members

Former members

Canada (until 1984)

Greece (until 2001)

  • Belgium

  • Germany

  • Italy

  • Netherlands

  • Turkey


Other treaties affecting nuclear weapons

Other treatiesaffectingnuclearweapons

  • Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)

  • Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT) – Moscow Treaty


Nuclear weapon free zone nwfz

NuclearWeapon Free Zone (NWFZ)

NWFZ in force, ratified a NWFZ treaty which is not yet in force, signed but not ratified a NWFZ, NPT states, four non-NPT states, Nuclear Weapons Sharing, suspected nuclear weapons development


Nuclear weapon free zone nwfz1

NuclearWeapon Free Zone (NWFZ)

  • Antarctic Treaty concerning the Antarctic territory

  • Treaty of Tlatelolco concerning Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Treaty of Bangkok concerning ASEAN states

  • African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba)

  • Treaty of Rarotonga concerning the South Pacific

  • Central Asian Nuclear Weapon Free Zone concerning Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

  • Mongolian Nuclear-Weapons-Free Status concerning Mongolia

  • Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany concerning East Germany

  • There are also a number of proposed agreements, covering the Middle East, the Korean Peninsula, Central Europe, and South Asia.

  • Some countries have not signed international treaties, but outlawed nuclear weapons:

    • Austria with the Atomsperrgesetz in 1999


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