LOGIC 102 lesson 05

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LOGIC 102 lesson 05. Sh. Safdar Razi. The Conditional Syllogism. Arabic: al-qadiyaa al-shartiyya Definition: Is composed of two predicative/propositional statements or three parts: The first part (al-muqadama) The second part (al-taalie) The connector (al-raabitta/nisba)

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LOGIC 102lesson 05

Sh. Safdar Razi

The Conditional Syllogism
• Definition:
• Is composed of two predicative/propositional statements or three parts:
• The second part (al-taalie)
• The connector (al-raabitta/nisba)
• This is not like the predicative syllogism, in that the nisba here is not used to prove/affirm the predicative to the subject.
• Instead it connects the two statements.
Notes:
• In the predicative syllogism we divided the types of subjects with respect to the perspectives.
• However, since we do not have a subject and its predicate here, instead we have two syllogisms that either are:
• Associative (talaazum)
• Dissociative (ta’aanud)
Types of Conditional
• Therefore, with respect to the time and condition, the connection or disconnection between the two statements of the syllogism is of three types:
• Personal (shakhsiyya)
• Unattended (muhmalla)
• Specific (mahsoora):

a. Total (kulliya)b. Some (juz’iyya)

1. Personal
• Arabic: shakhsiyya
• Definition:
• The connection or disconnection is in a specific time or state.
• Example:
• If Ali comes angry, I will not greet him.
• If Ali comes, he will be either happy or sad.
2. Unattended
• Arabic: muhmalla
• Definition:
• The connection or disconnection is in an unspecified time or state.
• Example:
• If the water is kurr, it will not become unpurified.
• If the impurity touches the water, it either becomes pure or impure.
3. Specific
• Arabic: mahsoora
• Definition:
• The connection or disconnection includes all or some times or states.
• Two types:
• All (kullie)
• Some (juz’ee)
a. Specific All
• Arabic: kullie
• Tools: “all” or “always” or “every”
• Example:
• If a nation is always mindful of technology, it will progress.
• Every number is either odd or even.
b. Specific Some
• Arabic: juz’ee
• Tools: “some” or “sometimes” or “not always”
• Example:
• If a nation is not always mindful of technology, it will not progress.
• Some men are male or female.