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LOGIC 102 lesson 05. Sh. Safdar Razi. The Conditional Syllogism. Arabic: al-qadiyaa al-shartiyya Definition: Is composed of two predicative/propositional statements or three parts: The first part (al-muqadama) The second part (al-taalie) The connector (al-raabitta/nisba)

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logic 102 lesson 05

LOGIC 102lesson 05

Sh. Safdar Razi

the conditional syllogism
The Conditional Syllogism
  • Arabic:al-qadiyaa al-shartiyya
  • Definition:
    • Is composed of two predicative/propositional statements or three parts:
      • The first part (al-muqadama)
      • The second part (al-taalie)
      • The connector (al-raabitta/nisba)
        • This is not like the predicative syllogism, in that the nisba here is not used to prove/affirm the predicative to the subject.
        • Instead it connects the two statements.
notes
Notes:
  • In the predicative syllogism we divided the types of subjects with respect to the perspectives.
  • However, since we do not have a subject and its predicate here, instead we have two syllogisms that either are:
    • Associative (talaazum)
    • Dissociative (ta’aanud)
types of conditional
Types of Conditional
  • Therefore, with respect to the time and condition, the connection or disconnection between the two statements of the syllogism is of three types:
    • Personal (shakhsiyya)
    • Unattended (muhmalla)
    • Specific (mahsoora):

a. Total (kulliya)b. Some (juz’iyya)

1 personal
1. Personal
  • Arabic: shakhsiyya
  • Definition:
    • The connection or disconnection is in a specific time or state.
  • Example:
    • If Ali comes angry, I will not greet him.
    • If Ali comes, he will be either happy or sad.
2 unattended
2. Unattended
  • Arabic: muhmalla
  • Definition:
    • The connection or disconnection is in an unspecified time or state.
  • Example:
    • If the water is kurr, it will not become unpurified.
    • If the impurity touches the water, it either becomes pure or impure.
3 specific
3. Specific
  • Arabic: mahsoora
  • Definition:
    • The connection or disconnection includes all or some times or states.
    • Two types:
      • All (kullie)
      • Some (juz’ee)
a specific all
a. Specific All
  • Arabic: kullie
  • Tools: “all” or “always” or “every”
  • Example:
    • If a nation is always mindful of technology, it will progress.
    • Every number is either odd or even.
b specific some
b. Specific Some
  • Arabic: juz’ee
  • Tools: “some” or “sometimes” or “not always”
  • Example:
    • If a nation is not always mindful of technology, it will not progress.
    • Some men are male or female.
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